Fetal Development Month by MonthWritten by Teresa Redmond
Month 1: Your first month of pregnancy your baby will accomplish many things, first and foremost, conception, fertilization, and implantation. After a woman ovulates, egg is normally fertilized within 24-48 hours. The single fertilized cell begins to rapidly divide and at this point in time is called a zygote. Many amazing things happen at fertilization. Your baby's entire physical attributes are determined including gender, hair color, and eye color. Between days 7-10 from fertilization implantation usually occurs. Implantation should occur within uterus if it does not this is considered an ectopic pregnancy. The amniotic sac, umbilical cord and yolk sac are already beginning to form. By end of this month your baby is approximately 2mm long and beginning early stages of development.
Month 2: Your baby is now considered a fetus. Her heart, neural tube, arms and legs, liver and other major organs begin to form. By your 6th week, her heart will be beating and visible via ultrasound. The placenta also begins to form as well as eyes, ears, mouth, and bones. In this month, your baby's fingers and toes will become present, however, they may still be webbed. Her brain and cranial nerves will also begin to form this month. Baby's sex organs begin to become visible. Your baby is approximately 1/2 inch - 3/4 inch long and weighs about 1-2 grams by end of this month.
Month 3: If given an ultrasound now, you would be able to see your baby's arms and legs moving. Baby's heartbeat can be detected by doppler beginning in your third month. Development of heart and all major organs is complete by end of third month. Baby's sex organs continue to develop, but it is still too difficult to differentiate gender. Baby's muscles in trunk, limbs, and head are developing. Baby's face is well formed and your baby looks like a baby. By end of your third month, your baby is 3-4 inches long and weighs about 1 ounce.
Month 4: During your fourth month your baby's hair and teeth begin to form. Your baby will be moving and active now and you may begin to feel baby's movement this month, however, not feeling movements till next month is perfectly normal as well. Your baby's digestive system is forming and intestines are present. Meconium, your baby's first stool, is present in intestines as well. By end of this month it may be possible to determine baby's gender. Your baby is approximately 5-6 inches long and weigh 5-8 ounces by end of month.
How Body Mass Index Works – Set Your Weight Loss GoalsWritten by Robb Ksiazek
Many people want to lose a few of those annoying pounds, but they just don’t know where to start. If only there was some sort of guide that would help dieters to set goals. Body mass index, or BMI, creates an opportunity for weight loss enthusiasts to determine their ideal body weight in order to set their goals.
The index uses your body height and weight to determine problem areas in your weight. Underweight, normal, overweight, and obese are categories index uses for classification. The categories have their individual implications as regarded to health and wellbeing.
How is BMI Calculated?
BMI calculations use a simple formula that can be figured with a traditional calculator, or pen and paper for that matter. The body mass index formula = kg/m2. In layman’s terms, your weight in kilograms is divided by your height in meters squared. The customary or English measurement formula = (lb/in2) x 703 or weight in pounds divided by height in inches squared all multiplied by 703. It’s really not as complicated as it sounds. Try it for yourself.
Interpreting Index – What it all Means
Your BMI calculation will produce an index somewhere between 14 and 30 or so. You will be categorized as follows:
Below 18.5= Underweight
18.5 – 24.9 = Normal
25.0 – 29.9 = Overweight
30 and Above=Obese
Some BMI charts will break categories down even further, but this table is most common. Children’s body mass index takes age and maturity into account.
The index for body mass was created to evaluate level of risk associated with chronic health problems. There is a direct link to your BMI and certain serious health conditions, such as: heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol.