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Copyrights protect tangible expression of ideas. Copyright protection attaches when creator puts pen to paper and creates a tangible expression of idea. A copyright can be used to protect original works of authorship that are fixed in any tangible medium of expression. Thus, literary works, music, sound recordings, architectural and engineering drawings, pictures, photographs, paintings, and computer software are amenable to copyright protection. A copyright protects how subject matter is expressed, not idea itself or how described subject matter functions. The subject matter must be "novel" to extent that it must not have already been placed in public domain and, thus, dedicated to public.
Geographical Indications is a sign used which refers to goods emanating from a specific country or to a place situated therein as being place of origin of those goods. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness that is essentially attributable to original place of production. Geographical Indications are similar to trademarks in that they function as source indicators. However, there is clear distinction lies in fact that while a trademark identifies a good or service as originating from a particular producer, a geographical indication identifies specific place from where goods originates.
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