industrial planningWritten by konstantin otto
Industrial planning. The troglodytes executed simple tasks. The planning of troglodytes was completely processed in memory. The product that consists of six thousand components can be planned only with an electronic processor. The Elements of planning are same ones. What distinguishes planning of troglodyte from planning of industry is quantity and quality. The troglodyte planned product and soon afterwards executed it. In modern company, of big size, are developed and planned many similar products, but only viable ones are executed. The task of planning is very bulky. The margin of profit is affected by oscillations of prices more and more fast. The competitors calculate, not always, costs accurately and some receive subsidies, this forces prices down. The period of correcting mistake in definition of price of product is shortened by speed with which product is obsolete. This force company adopts fast techniques of development of product and of planning. The software, that develops product according to specifications, supplies several solutions for given specifications. This makes possible optimize product in shorts time. The development of planning methods walks for several roads. But gradually all methods, more improved; tend more and more for unique system (identical). Lacks
manufacturers survivalWritten by konstantin otto
Manufacturers Survival The humanity's cultural heritage is growing in geometric scale. Manufacturer faces every time more efficient competitors. Development of new processes is arduous work. This work suffers opposition from defenders' of archaic and of ones that don't understand progress. To produce goods in industrial scale we needed to have product, process, market, strategy of sale [marketing], organization [administration], and safety. The product owes being of quality same or superior that existent average in market. The process should be more efficient possible. The sale should be of low cost and should guarantee sale of all production at maximum price. The circumstances of consuming market [demand, offer of competitors, prices and credit] are component which cannot be influenced by manufacturer, but of which depends survival or and profit [of manufacturer]. The safety is protection that manufacturer receives from judiciary system. Every company depends on these factors. Until that are nothing new, these rules reign during centuries, what is innovation is speed with which parameter of these factors change. Development of product, in archaic method, was lineal: an engineer executed one part of project after other, this method is most economical and it pass through without great upset. The productivity falls when more people participate in work, but period of execution is reduced. If project is cheap, but if it comes late that is total loss. To face shortage of time appeared techniques [methods] of work in parallel and in up to four shifts seven days a week. These techniques are expensive, but they guarantee conclusion of project in minimum period.