Dog Training Basics Written by Robert Kempe
All positive commands should be spoken sharply and distinctly during training. Make sure you also use a positive tone. Your dog will recognize your moods and associate them to their behavior by your tone of voice.
The first word puppy should learn is their name. They actually learn sound of their name and associate that as a directive towards them for their attention. This will come naturally over time since family will be calling pup by its name day it arrives in your home.
I suggest that before you start training verbal commands that you understand your puppy’s personality. Ask yourself if they are timid, aggressive, quiet, sensitive, playful, etc? These traits will affect type and speed of training with your dog. Understanding dog that is being trained is a vitally important talent of a good trainer.
As soon as you are able to touch and feel puppy, call them by their name. Constantly give them affection and praise with tone of your voice. Keep repeating their name over and over and over until pup understands that when they hear their name, it is addressing them. When you prepare meals for them, call them by name and then distinctly say word “come.” This is probably simplest and easiest commands to teach because it is associated with something puppy wants or gets excited when they hear that command. This theory and type of training is used in all generic commands. Remember to always keep praising them when they obey a command and make sure they feel rewarded.
House breaking a puppy is probably most stressful for a new trainer. However, good news is that most dogs are generally clean in nature and sense that house is not place to do their thing. Knowing that canines tend to have their bowel movements in same place that they or some other dogs have previously defecated, you need to understand that sent left behind from previous mistakes will signal to pup that is where they are supposed to be defecating. So when you do catch them doing something in house that you do not want, scold them in a simple command such as “shame.” The puppy will hear your tone of voice and feel bad. Usher them outside as fast as you can. Praise them when they defecate outside. Do not use command “no” since that is a command to have puppy stop current act. “Shame” is used after you have found evidence of unwanted act. This is a common mistake a lot of armature dog trainers have.
"How to Keep Your Cat Free from Diseases with Your Quick Guide to Cat Grooming"Written by NS Kennedy
Even a cat that compulsively cleans itself can benefit from a little grooming from her owner. Cats rarely need a bath, but frequent brushing removes a lot of loose hair which would otherwise end up either shed around your home or swallowed by cat, creating constipating hairballs. Grooming your cat on a regular basis also helps you monitor her health and make her easier to handle.
Long-haired cats should be brushed and combed daily; short-haired cats only need grooming about once per week. While brushing your cat's coat, keep an eye out for lumps and skin irritations. Brush along your cats back, from head to tail with firm pressure. Repeat this several times, and then switch to one side. You should brush each area 4 or 5 times Always remember to brush in direction of hair growth.
If you find places where hair is missing, watch your cat for next week to determine if she is over-grooming these spots, or if hair loss could be a skin condition that requires a vet's attention. Be sure to watch for fleas and remove them immediately using a flea comb. If you notice rice-like particles around her anus (or in her bed), she probably has worms and needs medication from a veterinarian.
The grooming session is a good time to check your cat's ears, eyes, teeth and claws. If your cat is a young kitten, be sure to frequently manipulate these areas to get her used to handling. By time she is an adult, looking inside her ears for mites will be a non-traumatic event. If your cat is an adult, proceed at her pace. If she will let you touch her ear, but not fold it back to look inside, that's fine. Each time you groom her, try going a little farther with your examination, praising her with words, strokes, and treats for letting you handle her. If she struggles, it is best to let her go, and try again another day.