Your Computer Can't Keep Time Written by Stephen Bucaro
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Your Computer Can't Keep Time
By Stephen Bucaro
A computer needs a certain amount of information to operate; for example, date and time, amount of memory installed, number of drives and their configuration, and so on. In early days of computers, either user typed in this information each time computer started, or it was set using DIP switches and jumpers. Today, computers store this information in a CMOS chip that uses a small battery to retain information when computer is shut off.
CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) is type of chip that consumes very little power; therefore, while computer is turned off, battery discharges very slowly. But battery will totally discharge if you leave your computer turned off for a year or so. Even if you turn your computer on every day, battery is designed to last only a couple of years. Occasionally a battery will fail prematurely.
Today's plug-and-play computers can detect most of necessary settings, but if your CMOS battery is dead, your computer will not be able to retain date and time. The computer will also lose any custom settings, for example, boot sequence. If you set a password in CMOS, you may be locked out of computer. If CMOS battery does fail, you might receive message "System Configuration Lost" when you start computer. It would be wise to record all CMOS settings as a precaution.
To record CMOS settings, watch for an on-screen prompt when you first start your computer. The prompt tells you to press a key, usually Del or F2, to enter CMOS. To enter CMOS configuration utility, you have to press indicated key while message is on screen. After CMOS configuration screen appears, follow instructions provided to page through all screens and record all settings.
Benefits of E-PublishingWritten by Pawan Bangar,Birbals,India
E-PUBLISHING BENEFITS WRITERS AND ARTISTS
Just like all other aspects of life, digital revolution has taken on world of publishing also. With digital publishing coming to fore, publishing world has undergone several fundamental changes. Earlier, publishing was strictly related to paper. However, now paperless publishing or electronic publishing is gaining more prominence. Electronic publishing or ‘e-publishing in which books, journals and magazine are being produced and stored electronically rather than in print. These publications have all qualities of normal publishing like use of colours, graphics, and images and are much convenient also. Electronic publishing empowers all writers in way that no technology has ever done before. Whatever you write--- fiction, poetry, news, how-to books or business documents--- there are exciting things happening that will directly effect how you write and distribute work.
The digital revolution has not just benefit writers alone, but has also revolutionized works of artists, photographers, and other creative person. There are already hundreds of thousands of books and journals published in digital format and their number is rising every day. People are looking at electronic publishing optimistically as it is going to play a pivotal role in modern world of e-commerce. Electronic publications may be produced in a variety of formats, including online, on disk or CD-ROM, as a fire that can be downloaded or transmitted via e-mail or as a file that that can be downloaded to a hand-held electronic reader or a similar device. Many e-publishers offer books in several of these formats. E-publishers produce and distribute new books, which are appearing for first time and many only appear in electronic formats (though some may also be produced in a "books on demand" format as well).
Thus, e-publishing does not include following type of electronic books production: providing electronic text versions of previously published works (such as classic literature, non-copyrighted material, or works that have entered public domain), either online or on CD-ROM, offering on an electronic version of a book that is simultaneously being produced on print. In this case, book would be considered a print publication, and electronic edition would be considered a subsidiary form of publication. Electronic publishing is relatively a new concept, but offer a lot of opportunity to creative person, both for self-employment and regular jobs. The best part of this career is that since, every-thing has to be done on compute; those telecommuting can also pursue this career. These are many publishers, sites, and news wires, who want people to work from their home. The demand for such person in electronic publishing is more in B2V (business to business) portals where there are good revenues also.