Written by Sana

About 2.2 million sq km (0.85 million sq mi) in size, Saudi Arabia is mostly desert. It's bordered torepparttar south-east by Oman, Yemen andrepparttar 125937 United Arab Emirates, torepparttar 125938 north by Iraq and Kuwait, and torepparttar 125939 west by Jordan. Western Saudi Arabia is dominated by a mountain chain which runsrepparttar 125940 entire length ofrepparttar 125941 country, getting higher and wider torepparttar 125942 south. About halfrepparttar 125943 country (an arearepparttar 125944 size of France) is taken up byrepparttar 125945 Rub' al-Khali, or Empty Quarter,repparttar 125946 largest sand desert inrepparttar 125947 world. A second great sand desert,repparttar 125948 Nafud, stretches its way acrossrepparttar 125949 north-west ofrepparttar 125950 country, whilerepparttar 125951 centre and north of Saudi Arabia is mostly gravelly plains. The east is flat and low-lying, an area of sabkhas (or salt flats). Its main geographical feature isrepparttar 125952 gigantic Al-Hasa oasis. Quaid-e Azam in a number of his speeches said that Muslim should be considered as a nation.he said thatrepparttar 125953 only realistic solution torepparttar 125954 political problems of South Asia is to recognizerepparttar 125955 Muslim as a seperate nation.He definedrepparttar 125956 Muslim nation in following words:

Narcissistic Leaders

Written by Sam Vaknin

The narcissistic leader isrepparttar culmination and reification of his period, culture, and civilization. He is likely to rise to prominence in narcissistic societies.

The malignant narcissist invents and then projects a false, fictitious, self forrepparttar 125936 world to fear, or to admire. He maintains a tenuous grasp on reality to start with and this is further exacerbated byrepparttar 125937 trappings of power. The narcissist's grandiose self-delusions and fantasies of omnipotence and omniscience are supported by real life authority andrepparttar 125938 narcissist's predilection to surround himself with obsequious sycophants.

The narcissist's personality is so precariously balanced that he cannot tolerate even a hint of criticism and disagreement. Most narcissists are paranoid and suffer from ideas of reference (the delusion that they are being mocked or discussed when they are not). Thus, narcissists often regard themselves as "victims of persecution".

The narcissistic leader fosters and encourages a personality cult with allrepparttar 125939 hallmarks of an institutional religion: priesthood, rites, rituals, temples, worship, catechism, mythology. The leader is this religion's ascetic saint. He monastically denies himself earthly pleasures (or so he claims) in order to be able to dedicate himself fully to his calling.

The narcissistic leader is a monstrously inverted Jesus, sacrificing his life and denying himself so that his people - or humanity at large - should benefit. By surpassing and suppressing his humanity,repparttar 125940 narcissistic leader became a distorted version of Nietzsche's "superman".

But being a-human or super-human also means being a-sexual and a-moral.

In this restricted sense, narcissistic leaders are post-modernist and moral relativists. They project torepparttar 125941 masses an androgynous figure and enhance it by engenderingrepparttar 125942 adoration of nudity and all things "natural" - or by strongly repressing these feelings. But what they refer to as "nature" is not natural at all.

The narcissistic leader invariably proffers an aesthetic of decadence and evil carefully orchestrated and artificial - though it is not perceived this way by him or by his followers. Narcissistic leadership is about reproduced copies, not about originals. It is aboutrepparttar 125943 manipulation of symbols - not about veritable atavism or true conservatism.

In short: narcissistic leadership is about theatre, not about life. To enjoyrepparttar 125944 spectacle (and be subsumed by it),repparttar 125945 leader demandsrepparttar 125946 suspension of judgment, depersonalization, and de-realization. Catharsis is tantamount, in this narcissistic dramaturgy, to self-annulment.

Narcissism is nihilistic not only operationally, or ideologically. Its very language and narratives are nihilistic. Narcissism is conspicuous nihilism - andrepparttar 125947 cult's leader serves as a role model, annihilatingrepparttar 125948 Man, only to re-appear as a pre-ordained and irresistible force of nature.

Narcissistic leadership often poses as a rebellion againstrepparttar 125949 "old ways" - againstrepparttar 125950 hegemonic culture,repparttar 125951 upper classes,repparttar 125952 established religions,repparttar 125953 superpowers,repparttar 125954 corrupt order. Narcissistic movements are puerile, a reaction to narcissistic injuries inflicted upon a narcissistic (and rather psychopathic) toddler nation-state, or group, or uponrepparttar 125955 leader.

Minorities or "others" - often arbitrarily selected - constitute a perfect, easily identifiable, embodiment of all that is "wrong". They are accused of being old, they are eerily disembodied, they are cosmopolitan, they are part ofrepparttar 125956 establishment, they are "decadent", they are hated on religious and socio-economic grounds, or because of their race, sexual orientation, origin ... They are different, they are narcissistic (feel and act as morally superior), they are everywhere, they are defenceless, they are credulous, they are adaptable (and thus can be co-opted to collaborate in their own destruction). They arerepparttar 125957 perfect hate figure. Narcissists thrive on hatred and pathological envy.

This is preciselyrepparttar 125958 source ofrepparttar 125959 fascination with Hitler, diagnosed by Erich Fromm - together with Stalin - as a malignant narcissist. He was an inverted human. His unconscious was his conscious. He acted out our most repressed drives, fantasies, and wishes. He provides us with a glimpse ofrepparttar 125960 horrors that lie beneathrepparttar 125961 veneer,repparttar 125962 barbarians at our personal gates, and what it was like before we invented civilization. Hitler forced us all through a time warp and many did not emerge. He was notrepparttar 125963 devil. He was one of us. He was what Arendt aptly calledrepparttar 125964 banality of evil. Just an ordinary, mentally disturbed, failure, a member of a mentally disturbed and failing nation, who lived through disturbed and failing times. He wasrepparttar 125965 perfect mirror, a channel, a voice, andrepparttar 125966 very depth of our souls.

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