What is Your Temperament Style?Written by John Boe
Understanding temperament styles will not only have a positive impact on way you see yourself but it will also enhance your relationship with others. If you are a parent, it can dramatically improve way you raise your children. If you are single, it can give you insight into selecting a compatible mate. If you are a salesperson, this information will significantly enhance your sales effectiveness by enabling you to build trust and rapport quickly with your prospects and customers. If you are a manager or business owner, you will find this knowledge incredibly beneficial. It will enhance your leadership style, improve way you supervise your employees and allow you to recruit more effectively.
Hippocrates, father of medicine, is credited with originating basic theory of temperament styles twenty-four hundred years ago. He theorized that our behavior style was determined genetically at birth rather than from external influences such as astrology or birth order. Hippocrates believed that we are born with a combination of four genetic influences he called humors; Choleric (Worker), Sanguine (Talker), Phlegmatic (Watcher) and Melancholy (Thinker). He observed that these four styles have a direct influence on our physiology, character traits and outlook on life. In fact word temperament, which is commonly used to describe personality types, is a Latin term which means, “a mixing in due portion.” This blend or “mixing in due portion” of four basic styles determines your individual temperament profile. By combining these four basic styles, there are twenty-four possible profiles. While you are born with a primary temperament, other three temperaments, based on their relative position within your profile, each have a diminishing but measurable effect on your temperament. Intuitively you probably sense these different aspects of your temperament. While these four styles are inherently different, they are equally valuable in their own way. There is no temperament profile that is superior. However, each style is better suited relative to other styles for certain occupations. While you are not able to change temperament style you were born into, you can maximize your natural strengths and minimize your weaknesses.
According to Hippocrates, extroverted Choleric (Worker) was short-tempered and ill natured, but had a dynamic desire for action! The extroverted Sanguine (Talker) was cheerful, outgoing and optimistic, but not very serious or organized. The introverted Phlegmatic (Watcher) was slow and sluggish, but could stay calm, cool and collected under pressure. The introverted Melancholy (Thinker) was deep, sad and depressive, but also a thoughtful, gifted and analytical genius. Which of following primary temperament styles describes you best? It is common to have characteristics from all four types, but one type will capture your personality’s essence more accurately than others.
Living With DepressionWritten by John Boe
Andrea Yates shocked nation when she admitted to systematically drowning her five children in their Texas home. This 36-year-old mother had previously been diagnosed with depression and consequently was prescribed antidepressants. Depression is an ancient and prevalent mental condition that has been referenced throughout history in song, poetry and literature. In a depressed state one feels hopeless and experiences an overwhelming sense of despair. Depression immobilizes a person; they lack both desire and energy to carry on their usual activities. It afflicts men and women, rich and poor, young and old alike.
According to November 1993 issue of Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, more than one hundred million people throughout world suffer from depression. Each year, more people seek relief from this disabling mental condition than any medical disease, including common cold. In 1990 cost of depression exceeded $43 billion in United States alone. The economic toll is staggering and includes medical treatment, lost work-time, and depression-related suicide.
Why are some people more susceptible to depression than others? Hippocrates, father of medicine, theorized that we are born into one of four primary temperament styles and that each style has it’s own unique outlook on life; Choleric (aggressive), Sanguine (emotional), Phlegmatic (passive) and Melancholy (analytical). Of these four styles, introverted Melancholy is most perfection driven and depression prone. The analytical Melancholy influence gives one tremendous attention to detail but it can also create stress, anxiety and depression. In fact term melancholy has become synonymous with depression. People with Melancholy temperament style are by their very nature sensitive, judgmental, and critical. This temperament style becomes depressed primarily due to fact that they fail to reach their own incredibly high standards. This depression often leads to either suicide and or violence against others.