What To Do When Windows Won't Boot

Written by Otis F. Cooper

When Windows fails to boot it is normally caused by you installing a program or device and it has caused a conflict with one or more other programs. This will no doubt give you plenty of heartache if you're not certain which program caused Windows to not boot up.

If you recently installed a program or application and know where it was installed,you may be in much better shape as for as correctingrepparttar error. Here are common ways to correctrepparttar 107771 problem of your computer not completely booting up or not booting up at all.

If your computer will not boot-up at all,hopefully you have made a good emergency boot disk. You can always make a windows startup disk by creating one from another computer running Windows 98 or Me.Performrepparttar 107772 following if your computer won't Boot-Up At All.

FIRST......Put your boot floppy disk inrepparttar 107773 floppy drive and turn onrepparttar 107774 PC.On some computers, you may have to accessrepparttar 107775 bios and selectrepparttar 107776 Boot priority to your A: drive.Save any changes and select "Start Computer without CDROM support" and press Enter.Once you are atrepparttar 107777 A prompt,type dir c: and press enter.

If your programs and other files are present,try restoring your system Registry by followingrepparttar 107778 steps below.This may repair Windows,the Config. Sys and autoexec.bat files to whererepparttar 107779 PC may boot up normally.Whenrepparttar 107780 files are present,its a good indication of a good hard drive.

SECOND......To correctrepparttar 107781 problem of your computer not booting up,type in "fdisk /mbr" and press Enter to restore your master boot record.Type "Scandisk C:" to checkrepparttar 107782 hard drive for errors that have occurred. You can also type "Sys C:" to hopefully restore files needed to boot up your computer.

THIRD......Ifrepparttar 107783 above procedures fail to repair your computer,you can repeatrepparttar 107784 first part of step one above and select "Start Computer With CDROM Support" re-install Windows.

Making A Windows XP Bootable Floppy Windows XP users should create a boot disk now by placing a formatted blank diskette inrepparttar 107785 A: drive, open Windows Explorer torepparttar 107786 C:,select Tools,Folder Options ,show Hidden files and and folders,then View Tab. Now you uncheck "Hide Protected Operating System Files (recommended).You will see a warning and click Yes and click OK.Copyrepparttar 107787 files ntldr,ntdetect.com and boot.ini ontorepparttar 107788 disk.Removerepparttar 107789 disk and label itrepparttar 107790 Windows XP Boot Disk.

The Hard Disk

Written by Pawan Bangar,Technical Director,Birbals,India.

The Hard Disk Guide ;

From throwing our unnecessary files, to defragmenting, from partitions to formats-learn how to keep your hard disk in top shape

The hard disk isrepparttar place where all your programs and data are stored. Ifrepparttar 107770 hard disk Stops working you could end up losing all your data. What we’ll do here is take you on. A quick tour ofrepparttar 107771 different things you need to know about it, so you can keep it working smoothly.

What isrepparttar 107772 hard disk? The hard disk is a magnetic mass storage device installed in special bays withinrepparttar 107773 system unit. The hard disk could do compared to a large cupboard having several shelves With different items being neatly arranged and stored on each self. The hard disk stored allrepparttar 107774 data you need to store on your PC-the operating system (for example, Windows), Software program (for example an office suit), business or household applications and data, games, e-mail message, address books and so on.

A hard disk offrepparttar 107775 assembly line is just a mass of magnetic media. The magnetic surface ofrepparttar 107776 hard disk has to be structured into specific areas where data can be stored properly, a process known as formatting. When you buy a new computer,repparttar 107777 system comes with a formatted hard disk.

A hard disk needs to be divided into partitions before it can be used. The hard disk on a newly purchased computer comes configured with a single large partitions,repparttar 107778 primary partition (C: in My Computer) and an extended partition, which may be further subdivided into logical partitions (D: E: and so on in My Computer) if required. Partitioning makesrepparttar 107779 storage of data more efficient and reducesrepparttar 107780 access time to retrieve data.

The storage capacity of hard disk has increased by leaps and bounds since IBM XT’s first 10 MB hard disk. Nowadays, 10GB isrepparttar 107781 entry level and 17 GB is common. The hard disk communicates with a PC’s motherboard through an expansion card or a disk interface card.

How does it wok?

The dusk is formatted to divide its magnetic surface into concentric circular paths called tracks (these are likerepparttar 107782 grooves on a phonograph record) and wedge-shaped slices called sectors. Data is stored inrepparttar 107783 form of a file or groups of disk sector called clusters. A disk drive locates data by moving its magnetic read-write head to specific track within a specific sector.

When a new file is created in a freshly formatted hard disk, it is assigned cluster numbers in a sequential order. Ifrepparttar 107784 file is expanded, thenrepparttar 107785 first available clusters are assigned. When file is deleted, their cluster numbers are simply marked as available. Over course of time, when files grow in size to require additional cluster or are deleted,repparttar 107786 perfectly ordered sequence of clusters gets disturbed, a process known as fragmentation.

Partitioningrepparttar 107787 hard disk Partitioning divides a large hard disk into smaller virtual-not physical-hard disk or partitions, leading to an efficient utilization of space and boosting your PC’s performance. Partitioning could be very useful in following circumstances:

1-One PC, several users-If several persons have to work onrepparttar 107788 same PC, partitions could be assigned for each of them so that each person has his or her own “working space.” This could be useful in home setting too, where you could have separate partitions for your spouse, children’s games, business applications and data and so on.

2-Work on multiple operating systems-You may want to work on more than one operating system on your PC, for example Win98, Linux and Windows95. (Maybe you have applications that work perfectly in Win95 but suddenly crashed in Win98). You can keep these various operating systems safely onrepparttar 107789 same hard disk by installing them in separate partitions.

Partitioning Tools There’re several partitioning tools available for your hard drive. Two ofrepparttar 107790 most popular ones are:

1-PartitionMagic Version 4.o for Windows95 and 98-Partition Magic, from Power Quest is a useful and powerful partitioning program. It effortlessly creates, moves, converts and resizes partitions on your hard disk withoutrepparttar 107791 necessity of reformattingrepparttar 107792 disk of erasing valuable data.

2-FDISK- is a freely available partitioning utility that runs inrepparttar 107793 DOS environment. Its greatest UPS is that it is available for free. It is cumbersome to use and also requires formatting ofrepparttar 107794 hard disk (perhaps its biggest drawback).

Formatting a hard disk

As with most mechanical devices, prolonged use ofrepparttar 107795 hard disk results in inevitable wear and tear and malfunction. Repeated adding and deleting of files takes its toll onrepparttar 107796 hard disk and you may get disk error, includingrepparttar 107797 notorious “fatal error” of Windows. This is an indication that you may need to re-format your hard disk to have it working properly again. However, before deciding to re-formatrepparttar 107798 disk it may be worthwhile to try out other alternative- 1-Run Disk Defragmenter 2-Use a cleanup shareware programs such asregclean.exe, available for download.

However, if after trying out these alternatives, you continue to get fatal error message, then you probably need to format your hard disk.

The procedure of formatting is simple enough but has to be done carefully. When you formatrepparttar 107799 hard disk, allrepparttar 107800 data onrepparttar 107801 disk is lost-Windows operating system, software programs, business applications data, games, e-mails messages. In short everything.

How to dorepparttar 107802 formatting

Windows 95 1- Double-click on My Computer icon. Then clickrepparttar 107803 icon forrepparttar 107804 drive you want to format. (e. g. C:)

2- Onrepparttar 107805 File menu, click Format and followrepparttar 107806 instructions.

Remember that you can not format a disk if there are files open on that disk. Ifrepparttar 107807 disk has been compressed, use Drivespace or other compression to formatrepparttar 107808 disk.

Windows 98

1- Click Start, click Shutdown, click Restart, and then click on OK. 2- Press and holdrepparttar 107809 CTRL key untilrepparttar 107810 Microsoft Windows 98 Startup Menu appears.

3- Select Command prompt only and press Enter. 4- Atrepparttar 107811 C:prompt, type format C: and press ENTER. 5- Followrepparttar 107812 instruction onrepparttar 107813 screen.

After formatting you’re left with a blank hard disk with more space then before. The next step is to restorerepparttar 107814 programs you need on your disk.

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