Walt Disney's Horror Movie

Written by Stephen Schochet

In 1934, when Walt Disney called for a meeting among his artists, a rumor had spread that he was going to shutrepparttar studio down and they would all be left unemployed duringrepparttar 124155 great depression. Instead he personally told them in his own spellbinding wayrepparttar 124156 story of Snow White andrepparttar 124157 Seven Dwarfs, which he intended to make into his first feature length film. It was a risk unlike any other he had taken before. The film would cost a million and a half dollars at a time Disney was spending anywhere from ten to thirty thousand on his short cartoons. Doubts came from his wife Lillian and his brother and business partner Roy, who were sure they would be in debt for most ofrepparttar 124158 rest ofrepparttar 124159 lives. Also nervous was Walt's backer Bank of America, who at one point interruptedrepparttar 124160 production by cutting off his credit. Then there wererepparttar 124161 heads ofrepparttar 124162 other studios like MGM, Universal and Warner Brothers. They would gather for their weekly poker games atrepparttar 124163 Hillcrest Country Club and speculate that Walt, who they called "the Mickey Mouse Man", would never succeed, no one would sit still for an hour and a half to watch a cartoon. Andrepparttar 124164 press referred to Snow White as "Disney's Folly".

Despiterepparttar 124165 doubters and his own health problems (he suffered from a thyroid condition), Walt

A Miraculous Movie

Written by Stephen Schochet

It was originally called The Big Heart. Daryl Zanuckrepparttar shrewd head of Twentieth Century Fox couldn't buyrepparttar 124154 image of Santa Claus in a court room. But like so many ventures Miracle On 34th Street (1947) came about because of passion, in this case that of Director George Seaton who had gone to New York on his own and made arrangements withrepparttar 124155 real Mr. Macy and Mr. Gimbel to film inside their department stores. Impressed by Seaton's commitment Zanuck gaverepparttar 124156 show a green light. Who would playrepparttar 124157 little girl who didn't believe in Santa Claus? Seaton agonized over it, untilrepparttar 124158 assistant director remembered an amazing child prodigy from Santa Rosa, California who could cry on cue. Her name was Natasha Nikolaevna Gurdin renamed Natalie Wood after director Sam Wood . The same Natalie Wood who would later go out on a hotel room ledge and threaten to jump when her boyfriend Elvis Presley ignored her to play poker with Memphis Mafia. The same girl who would infuriate fellow cast members of West Side Story (1961) with her tardiness, her refusal to learn simple dance steps and her insistence on long lunch breaks to visit with her analyst. Butrepparttar 124159 seven-year-old Natalie had none ofrepparttar 124160 typical child star precocious behavior, she gainedrepparttar 124161 respect of her co-stars onrepparttar 124162 Miracle set with her professional demeanor, earningrepparttar 124163 nickname One-Take-Natalie.

Like all filmed on location movies there were logistical problems. The sequence where Santa was taken to Bellevue was done without permission. The famous hospital would not cooperate with Hollywood because they had been portrayed badly in earlier films, they were not swayed byrepparttar 124164 sight of a sickly, freezing cold Santa Claus (Edmund Gwenn) bundled up under blankets in a car, waiting to shoot his scenes. The filmmakers were forced to shoot onlyrepparttar 124165 car approachingrepparttar 124166 building's entrance and editrepparttar 124167 rest later. Another difficulty was getting permission to shootrepparttar 124168 Macy's parade fromrepparttar 124169 apartment dwellers on 34th street which had to be done rightrepparttar 124170 first time, there could be no retakes. The film crew paidrepparttar 124171 ladies ofrepparttar 124172 house to placerepparttar 124173 cameras in their windows. Then their husbands came home, complained aboutrepparttar 124174 inconvenience and demanded their own equal share. Most difficult to film wasrepparttar 124175 sickly but determined Edmund Gwenn who would win an Oscar for playing Kris Kringle. He suffered from a bladder control problem but couldn't standrepparttar 124176 thought of someone taking his place inrepparttar 124177 parade. The children who stood onrepparttar 124178 sidewalk waving at Santa never sawrepparttar 124179 long tube under his cloak.

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