WNV in Mares and Foals-When to Vaccinate?Written by Michele Anderson
As we begin our fifth year in dealing with dreaded WNV, over 14,000 cases in United STates as of 2002 have been reported. The question was raised about a link between WNV and abortions in equines.A retrospective study by University of Kentucky's Livestock Disease and Diagnostic Center, from July of 2002 through early 2003, looked at 400 equine abortions for evidence of WNV. Their findings were suprising. Of 400 horses examined, 35 had evidence of WNV. Although this is only approximately 8 percent, it does require more research to see if there is a connection between WNV and aborted fetuses. At this time there is no evidence that WNV caused abortions; only that there was evidence of virus in aborted fetuses. Further testing and research is ongoing to determine relationship between WNV and abortion.
*Vaccinating Mares and Foals
Renowned veterinarian Rob Holland, DVM, PhD, a private practitioner in Kentucky and a technical services veterinarian for Intervet pharmaceutical company, explained protocol for vaccinating broodmares.
He recommends you vaccinate your mares four to six weeks BEFORE foaling, what you're doing is bolstering their IgG (a type of antibody) and all their immunological parameters. In case of mare and (unborn) foal, there's a six-layer placenta that does a very good job of protecting foal against potential disease that affects mare, and doesn't allow any antibodies to cross it.
*Maternal vs. Foal Antibodies
W. David Wilson, MS, BVMS, MRCVS, of Department of Medicine and Epidemiology in School of Veterinary Medicine at University of California, is recommending, based on information gathered from studies with other vaccines, that if mares are NOT vaccinated against WNV or they haven't been exposed (which is now situation for only horses in far western states) that foals can be vaccinated starting at two to three months of age.
Learn the Secret of Low Cost Advertising for Your Horse Business Written by Michele Anderson
Learn Secret of Low Cost Advertising for Your Horse Business As a ezine publisher I have discovered several methods to target"The Horse Industry" market. Through trial and error this is what I have come up with. It worked for me and I know it will work for you too! Ezines or newsletters are simply- electronic newsletters delivered by email. Chances are you've subscribed to a ton of them yourself. They're quick info blasts usually containing articles or some other relevant information pertaining to subject of email. For instance, if you're interested in homeopathic remedies you might subscribe yourself to a Homeopathy ezine or a free newsletter offered by one of thousands of Homeopathy sites online.
Ezines purpose is? For reader, it gives them information relevant to their interests. In our case that would be The Horse Industry. For company, it builds an opt-in base of potential customers who are interested in what they have to say. Ezines or newsletters are a great way to get word out about your interests, business or products which you want to share or sell with others.. Why are they so great? Because they went out of their own way to subscribe themselves to a particular ezine. They actually eagerly await each issue. Now imagine what they could mean if they saw your message or advertisement. So here's what I did...and you can do it too! First I compiled a list of ways I could advertise in a particular ezine. Methods such as: - Placing a classified or sponsorship ad in a newsletter: