WNV in Mares and Foals-When to Vaccinate?

Written by Michele Anderson

As we begin our fifth year in dealing withrepparttar dreaded WNV, over 14,000 cases inrepparttar 116310 United STates as of 2002 have been reported. The question was raised about a link betweenrepparttar 116311 WNV and abortions in equines.A retrospective study byrepparttar 116312 University of Kentucky's Livestock Disease and Diagnostic Center, from July of 2002 through early 2003, looked at 400 equine abortions for evidence of WNV. Their findings were suprising. Ofrepparttar 116313 400 horses examined, 35 had evidence of WNV. Although this is only approximately 8 percent, it does require more research to see if there is a connection betweenrepparttar 116314 WNV and aborted fetuses. At this time there is no evidence thatrepparttar 116315 WNV causedrepparttar 116316 abortions; only that there was evidence ofrepparttar 116317 virus inrepparttar 116318 aborted fetuses. Further testing and research is ongoing to determinerepparttar 116319 relationship between WNV and abortion.

*Vaccinating Mares and Foals

Renowned veterinarian Rob Holland, DVM, PhD, a private practitioner in Kentucky and a technical services veterinarian forrepparttar 116320 Intervet pharmaceutical company, explainedrepparttar 116321 protocol for vaccinating broodmares.

He recommends you vaccinate your mares four to six weeks BEFORE foaling, what you're doing is bolstering their IgG (a type of antibody) and all their immunological parameters. Inrepparttar 116322 case ofrepparttar 116323 mare andrepparttar 116324 (unborn) foal, there's a six-layer placenta that does a very good job of protectingrepparttar 116325 foal against potential disease that affects repparttar 116326 mare, and doesn't allow any antibodies to cross it.

*Maternal vs. Foal Antibodies

W. David Wilson, MS, BVMS, MRCVS, ofrepparttar 116327 Department of Medicine and Epidemiology in repparttar 116328 School of Veterinary Medicine atrepparttar 116329 University of California, is recommending, based on information gathered from studies with other vaccines, that ifrepparttar 116330 mares are NOT vaccinated against WNV or they haven't been exposed (which is nowrepparttar 116331 situation for only horses inrepparttar 116332 far western states) that foals can be vaccinated starting at two to three months of age.

Learn the Secret of Low Cost Advertising for Your Horse Business

Written by Michele Anderson

Learnrepparttar Secret of Low Cost Advertising for Your Horse Business As a ezine publisher I have discovered several methods to target"The Horse Industry" market. Through trial and error this is what I have come up with. It worked for me and I know it will work for you too! Ezines or newsletters are simply- electronic newsletters delivered by email. Chances are you've subscribed to a ton of them yourself. They're quick info blasts usually containing articles or some other relevant information pertaining torepparttar 116309 subject ofrepparttar 116310 email. For instance, if you're interested in homeopathic remedies you might subscribe yourself to a Homeopathy ezine or a free newsletter offered by one ofrepparttar 116311 thousands of Homeopathy sites online.

Ezines purpose is? Forrepparttar 116312 reader, it gives them information relevant to their interests. In our case that would be The Horse Industry. Forrepparttar 116313 company, it builds an opt-in base of potential customers who are interested in what they have to say. Ezines or newsletters are a great way to getrepparttar 116314 word out about your interests, business or products which you want to share or sell with others.. Why are they so great? Because they went out of their own way to subscribe themselves to a particular ezine. They actually eagerly await each issue. Now imagine what they could mean if they saw your message or advertisement. So here's what I did...and you can do it too! First I compiled a list of ways I could advertise in a particular ezine. Methods such as: - Placing a classified or sponsorship ad in a newsletter:

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