Use the HOSTS File to Block Web Sites

Written by Stephen Bucaro

---------------------------------------------------------- Permission is granted forrepparttar article below to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made andrepparttar 107810 byline, copyright, andrepparttar 107811 resource box below is included. ---------------------------------------------------------- Userepparttar 107812 HOSTS File to Block Web Sites

By Stephen Bucaro

When you type a domain name into your Web browser, Internet Protocol contacts a computer that is a domain name server to look uprepparttar 107813 IP address ofrepparttar 107814 Web site. Inrepparttar 107815 early days,repparttar 107816 Internet didn't need domain name servers. Every computer had a file named HOSTS that listedrepparttar 107817 domain name and IP address ofrepparttar 107818 systems connected torepparttar 107819 Internet.

Even today when your Web browser needs to resolve a domain name to an IP address, it first looks for a file named HOSTS onrepparttar 107820 local computer. In Windows NT,repparttar 107821 HOSTS file is located in c:windowssystem32drivers. In Windows 9x,repparttar 107822 HOSTS file is located in c:windows.

Becauserepparttar 107823 HOSTS file is no longer required, you may not find it on your computer. Instead, you might find a file named HOSTS.SAM,repparttar 107824 SAM extension meaning "SAMPLE". You might also find a file named LMHOSTS. The LMHOSTS file was used to resolve NetBIOS names to IP addresses.

The HOSTS file is simply a text file with a list of IP addresses and their respective domain names. You can openrepparttar 107825 file with Windows Notepad. The HOSTS file may list only one IP address,repparttar 107826 loopback address, as shown below. localhost

To block a Web site, enter an IP address that is not allowed forrepparttar 107827 Web. For example, any IP address withrepparttar 107828 first digit of 0 would be onrepparttar 107829 local network. Any IP address withrepparttar 107830 first digit of 127 is looped back. Then map that IP address torepparttar 107831 domain name that you want to block.

What You Should Know About Installing Screensavers

Written by Roman Kramar

Do you remember that frustrating feeling when you find an interesting screensaver and can't install it on your computer? This article will help you to never have it again.

Back to when Windows 95 started to find its home on many computers there was just half a dozen of screensavers preinstalled withrepparttar system. All you could do was selecting one of these. It was as simple as boring.

Luckily those times are left behind. Now we have hundreds of screensavers developed throughoutrepparttar 107809 years and available for download. Finding a nice screensaver matching your taste and style can be a hard task. How much disappointing is it when you are unable to installrepparttar 107810 discovery on your computer then? I bet you know.

Often you come across a screensaver with an intriguing description and no screenshots. You are curios to see it in action. But: SLAP! You can't figure outrepparttar 107811 way to make it work on your system and you will never know what you have missed. What a pity! I know.

Well... Enough! Enough of this! There should be a way to make us, screensaver hunters, luckier. Keep reading. There's something that can open a whole new world of screensavers to you.

First, in order to fight this evil, we should find its roots. Why is it so that we haverepparttar 107812 problem? Mainly it's because there are several ways to distribute screensavers:

a) As self-extracting installation packages

b) As ZIPped installation packages

c) As individual .SCR files

The self-extracting packages arerepparttar 107813 easiest to install. You just downloadrepparttar 107814 screensaver and double click it. Thenrepparttar 107815 installation program starts and performs allrepparttar 107816 steps necessary to installrepparttar 107817 screensaver. That is, you have it ready for use just with a few mouse clicks.

You can recognizerepparttar 107818 ZIPped installation packages by their names. They have ".zip" atrepparttar 107819 end. Double clicking such files will probably get you nowhere unless you are well prepared.

The third category is represented by files with names ending with ".scr". Activating such file usually launchesrepparttar 107820 screensaver. That's not bad. At least you can see what it's all about. But this way it won't appear inrepparttar 107821 list of available screensavers thatrepparttar 107822 operating system starts if your computer goes to rest. That is, you have to use a little trick if you likerepparttar 107823 screensaver.

Now thatrepparttar 107824 reason of our problems is a bit more obvious, I almost hear your question. Oncerepparttar 107825 self-extracting packages arerepparttar 107826 easiest to install, why just not to stick with them? Okay, you are right. It makes a perfect sense. But you forget one important thing. Screensavers are created by programmers.

And programmers differ from other computer users in that they see everything from their very specific and technical point of view. It's not a problem for them to extract files from ZIPped packages as they work with them very often. It is rather natural for them to copy files into secret system folders that 80% of users didn't hear about and don't have to.

That's why they create screensavers and put them on download sites inrepparttar 107827 form that is hard to install for you. But don't hurry to blame them. They mostly do it unintentionally, not because they hate people who can't handle ZIP archives or bare screensaver files.

I know it because I am one of them. In fact (my face goes red here) my Rainy Screensaver ( ) was distributed as a ZIPped package until version 1.7. Thanks torepparttar 107828 people who provided me with their feedback. I really don't see any reason to hurt those who use their computers as tools or source of entertainment. These people don't have to know all technical aspects.

I hope more and more screensaver writers will understand this and will make their screensavers easier for you to install. Meanwhile you yourself can getrepparttar 107829 knowledge needed to handle not so friendly installations without a problem. So let's get back to installing ZIPped packages and bare screensaver files.

* ZIPped installation packages

These ".zip" files are known as archives. It is very popular way to spread software and information overrepparttar 107830 net. They let you to "pack" many files into one that is much easier to download. They also use special methods known as compression to reducerepparttar 107831 final size ofrepparttar 107832 packed files and thus save your time and money spent downloading them.

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