Copyright 2005 RAW Productions
Rarely is a chord played with its tones contained in a single octave, root on bottom, third in middle, and fifth on top.
Usually chords are "voiced!"
This basically means that positions of a chord's tones are scattered over keyboard. The tones may be altered, doubled, added to, missing, and so forth.
There are a great variety of possibilities available in voicing chords. Voicing chords properly is an art within itself. Using correct voicing techniques in your playing will give your improvisation a "hip," mature and full sound. Chords played in root position just does not seem to do job when playing Jazz, Rock, Pop, Blues, Gospel and "Smooth Jazz" piano.
Learning and mastering good voice leading techniques in your playing is not difficult if you just follow some simple rules.
1. The most important notes in any chord is 3rd and 7th. The 3rd of chord defines whether chord is a major or minor chord. The 7th of chord will define whether chord is a dominant or major chord. Usually bass player will play root and fifth. The root and fifth are not essential tones and can be completely left our from your chord progressions. If you must use root and fifth try using it in your right hand, not your left. You should add your "color" tones in your right hand.