revisits Carson McCullers

Written by Mark A. Lugris revisits Carson McCullers

by Mark A. Lugris

MADRID – Sixty-four years after it was originally published, Carson McCullers’ first novel “The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter” is still a literary phenomenon.

Holdingrepparttar twenty-second position on The New York Times best-selling paperback’s list, thanks in part to being included in Oprah’s book club, but mostly due to its survival as a timeless tale of isolation and compassion.

Born in Georgia in 1917, Lula Carson Smith was a child piano prodigy, yet as a high school student, she suffered from rheumatic fever, which lead to crippling strokes throughout her life. Before graduating from Columbus High School, Carson decided to abandonrepparttar 109360 piano and become a writer. She readrepparttar 109361 works of Dostoevski, Chekhov, Tolstoy, and O'Neill, and began writing plays.

In 1934, Carson left Savannah and traveled to New York City, where she enrolled at Columbia

Explanation of Charges on Your Telephone Bill

Written by David McDonough

Background Many consumers do not understandrepparttar various charges and items on their monthly phone bills. Here’s a quick reference that describes some of these charges:

911 – This charge is imposed by local governments to help pay for emergency services such as fire and rescue.

Federal Excise Tax – This is a three percent tax mandated byrepparttar 109359 federal government (notrepparttar 109360 Federal Communications Commission (FCC). It is imposed on all telecommunications services, including local, long distance and wireless bills.

(Federal) Subscriber Line Charge – This was instituted afterrepparttar 109361 break-up of AT&T in 1984 to coverrepparttar 109362 costs ofrepparttar 109363 local phone network. This charge may appear as "FCC Charge for Network Access," "Federal Line Cost Charge," "Interstate Access Charge," "Federal Access Charge," "Interstate Single Line Charge," "Customer Line Charge" or "FCC-Approved Customer Line Charge." The FCC capsrepparttar 109364 maximum price that a company may charge for this. This is not a government charge or tax, and it does not end up inrepparttar 109365 government’s treasury.

Local Number Portability Charge (LNP) – The FCC allows local telephone companies to recover certain costs for providing "telephone number portability" to its customers. This charge provides residential and business telephone customers withrepparttar 109366 ability to retain, atrepparttar 109367 same location, their existing local telephone numbers when switching from one local telephone service provider to another. This is a fixed, monthly charge. Local telephone companies may continue to assess this charge on their customers’ telephone bills for five years fromrepparttar 109368 daterepparttar 109369 local telephone company first began itemizingrepparttar 109370 charge onrepparttar 109371 bill. This is not a tax.

State & Local Municipal Tax – This charge is imposed by state, local and municipal governments on goods and services. It may also appear as a "gross receipts" tax in some states.

(State) Subscriber Line Charge – This charge is mandated by some states’ public service or utility commissions to compensaterepparttar 109372 local phone company for part ofrepparttar 109373 cost of providing local telephone lines associated with state services, i.e., intrastate long distance and local exchange services.

Telecommunications Relay Services Charge – This state charge helps to pay forrepparttar 109374 relay center which transmits and translates calls for hearing-impaired and speech-impaired people.

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