The Old Fashioned: Two Recipes of an Underrated Classic

Written by Ellen Zucker

Like many mixed drinks,repparttar Old Fashioned has a number of variations and a history.

It is one ofrepparttar 142085 few cocktails that survived fromrepparttar 142086 days ofrepparttar 142087 Martini andrepparttar 142088 Manhattan. When prepared well, it is a full-bodied, delicious drink. It was one of my mother’s favorites as a young woman inrepparttar 142089 1940’s and still carriesrepparttar 142090 glamour ofrepparttar 142091 era.

Accounts agree thatrepparttar 142092 Old Fashioned originated atrepparttar 142093 Pendennis Club, in Louisville, Kentucky.

This Old Fashioned recipe appeared in a book written by George J. Kappeler, published in 1895, called Modern American Drinks.


Dissolve a small lump of sugar with a little water in a whiskey-glass; add two dashes Angostura bitters, a small piece ice, a piece lemon-peel, one jigger whiskey. Mix with small bar-spoon and serve, leaving spoon in glass.

Robert Hess, writing for, cautions that it is common for modern bartenders to top offrepparttar 142094 drink with an ounce or more of soda. In his opinion,repparttar 142095 soda spoilsrepparttar 142096 drink.

Here is another recipe from Famous New Orleans Drinks and How to Mix’em by Stanley Clisby Arthur.

The next Shiraz, varietal wines for Australia

Written by Darby Higgs

Shiraz isrepparttar dominant red winegrape variety in Australia. It isrepparttar 141941 key component of Grange,repparttar 141942 flagship Australian wine label. Atrepparttar 141943 other end ofrepparttar 141944 scale it makes uprepparttar 141945 bulk ofrepparttar 141946 cheap and cheerful red wines inrepparttar 141947 everyday bottled brands such as Jacobs Creek, Oxford Landing and yellowtail.

But Shiraz has not always held such a hold overrepparttar 141948 market. Untilrepparttar 141949 mid nineties Cabernet Sauvignon was regarded asrepparttar 141950 superior variety and this was reflected inrepparttar 141951 prices paid atrepparttar 141952 cellar door. Butrepparttar 141953 demand for exports has been mainly for Australian Shiraz and Cabernet has lost ground inrepparttar 141954 battle for consumer preference in Australia as well.

Shiraz's reign atrepparttar 141955 top ofrepparttar 141956 tree really started inrepparttar 141957 middle ofrepparttar 141958 1950s when it replaced Grenache asrepparttar 141959 most popular red winegrape variety. In those days a much larger proportion ofrepparttar 141960 wine market was devoted to fortified wine, what we used to call Port.

Looking intorepparttar 141961 futurerepparttar 141962 role of Shiraz seems unassailable, but there are a few challengers onrepparttar 141963 horizon. The wine consumer is a fickle creature and fashions can change fairly quickly.

Merlot isrepparttar 141964 third most popular red winegrape variety in Australia. Much ofrepparttar 141965 production goes into blends with Cabernet Sauvignon, reflecting its major role in Bordeaux. There are quite a few varietal merlots also produced. There are two reasons for thinking that Merlot won't displace Shiraz as our major tipple. Firstly there are viticultural problems relating to poor clones and it performs poorly in cooler regions. Secondly atrepparttar 141966 consumer endrepparttar 141967 wine often lacks a distinctive varietal character. There seems to be no consensus among winemakers about what a good merlot should be like. Meanwhile consumers think of Merlot as meaning mellow. It is hard to find any passion, for or against, this variety.

Another contender is Grenache. This variety is widely planted in South Australia, particularly inrepparttar 141968 Barossa and McLaren Vale regions. Inrepparttar 141969 1980s it was subject to government sponsored vine pull schemes inrepparttar 141970 belief that its days were over. Its star is onrepparttar 141971 rise again both as a varietal and asrepparttar 141972 key to blends with Shiraz and Morvedre. Notwithstanding this recent return to favour, Grenache will not seriously challenge Shiraz because of its need for a relatively warm climate.

Sangiovese is a variety with a large and growing fan club. There are now over a hundred winemakers using this variety. One factor which has heldrepparttar 141973 variety back inrepparttar 141974 past has been clonal variation, this has been overcome by careful selection by vine nurseries. Overrepparttar 141975 past few years a significant number of producers have been able to show just whatrepparttar 141976 variety is capable of. The wines show plum and cherry flavours and to my mind these flavours as well asrepparttar 141977 Italian wine textures will mean thatrepparttar 141978 bandwagon for this variety will keep rolling for quite a while. The number of winemakers and consumers in Australia with an Italian background continues to provide plenty of champions forrepparttar 141979 variety.

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