The Non - Spatial Natural Selection (NSNS) or The NSTP Theory of Evolution

Written by Dr Kedar Joshi

Some Background -

'To suppose thatrepparttar eye, with all its inimitable contrivances for adjustingrepparttar 127625 focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and forrepparttar 127626 correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd inrepparttar 127627 highest possible degree. Yet reason tells me, that if numerous gradations from a perfect and complex eye to one very imperfect and simple, each grade being useful to its possessor, can be shown to exist; if further,repparttar 127628 eye does vary ever so slightly, andrepparttar 127629 variations be inherited, which is certainlyrepparttar 127630 case; and if any variation or modification inrepparttar 127631 organ be ever useful to an animal under changing conditions of life, thenrepparttar 127632 difficulty of believing that a perfect and complex eye could be formed by natural selection, though insuperable by our imagination, can hardly be considered real.' - Charles Darwin, On Natural Selection

'Natural selection isrepparttar 127633 blind watchmaker, blind because it does not see ahead, does not plan consequences, has no purpose in view.' - Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker

The Non - Spatial Natural Selection (NSNS) or The NSTP Theory of Evolution

Darwinian theory of natural selection is not a complete theory of evolution, rather far from it. There is, in addition, yet a dramatically different kind of natural selection whererepparttar 127634 non - spatial universal intelligence ( or software ) modulatesrepparttar 127635 ( conceptually )

The Superultramodern Scientific Explanation of the Fundamental Forces

Written by Dr Kedar Joshi

Part I

The particle theorists' explanation ofrepparttar fundamental forces -

1) Explanation ofrepparttar 127624 force of repulsion -

'In quantum mechanics,repparttar 127625 forces or interactions between matter particles are all supposed to be carried by particles of integer spin - 0, 1, or 2. What happens is that a matter particle, such as an electron or a quark, emits a force - carrying particle. The recoil from this emission changesrepparttar 127626 velocity ofrepparttar 127627 matter particle. The force - carrying particle then collides with another matter particle and is absorbed. This collision changesrepparttar 127628 velocity ofrepparttar 127629 second particle, just as if there had been a force betweenrepparttar 127630 two matter particles.' ( See Hawking 1996, p. 90 )

2) Explanation ofrepparttar 127631 force of attraction -

It isrepparttar 127632 same asrepparttar 127633 description ofrepparttar 127634 force of attraction. For example, 'The gravitational force ofrepparttar 127635 sun onrepparttar 127636 earth is pictured in particle theories as being caused byrepparttar 127637 emission of a graviton by a particle inrepparttar 127638 sun and its absorption by a particle inrepparttar 127639 earth.' ( See Hawking 1996, p. 217 )

a) Deficiency -

With reference torepparttar 127640 particle theorists' description ofrepparttar 127641 force of repulsion it is quite simple to see that its explanation ofrepparttar 127642 force of attraction is totally inadequate. Byrepparttar 127643 emission and absorption of gravitonrepparttar 127644 two matter particles would rather go away ( or be repulsed ) from each other.

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