The NSTP ( Non - Spatial Thinking Process ) Theory Written by Dr Kedar Joshi, PBSSI, MRI
Abstract The NSTP theory mainly advocates that material universe is exclusively a group of thinking process/es existing in form of non-spatial feelings. In computer terminology it regards (material) universe as a non-spatial computer (whose hardware is made up of non-spatial feelings and software is made up of superhuman thoughts) and space as a virtual reality (i.e. a projection of non-spatial mind, a form of illusion/mere appearance). It entails 7 theorems which are to some extent proved or reasonably demonstrated / supported. It is found to be a master-key that can resolve mysteries surrounding Zeno’s paradoxes, quantum mechanics, biology, etc through its non - spatial universal mechanical framework.
Main Body The term NSTP (Non - Spatial Thinking Process) in NSTP theory means thinking process existing in form of non-spatial feelings. The theory is comprised of 7 theorems that are stated and demonstrated below.
Theorem 1 : Phenomenal mind (i.e. feelings or qualia) is non-spatial. In other words, no kind of feeling, e.g. feeling of bodily pain, can be represented by any spatial structure. 1. The feeling of bodily pain, for example, is conceptual distinct from its bodily counterpart (i.e. identification of some electrochemical signal in brain) for following two reasons. a. This conceptual distinction is obvious or self - evident or axiomatic to me. [ It is important to note that I advocate ‘the principle of universal doubt’ : anything may be possible, for that which is believed to be absolutely (or 100 %) certainly true at present could be false as intellectual capacities of believer may be limited. Thus all axioms are at most 99.99...% certain to me. ] b. The knowledge of identification of electrochemical signal is not at all sufficient for knowledge of feeling of bodily pain, for example. 2. Theorem 1 has been axiomatic to me. The abstract nature of a spatial structure and mechanism, involving transfer of information (in general, spatial actions), and abstract nature of a feeling (which can only be experienced) are not equivalent.
Theorem 2 : All kinds of experiences, even abstract thoughts I know I am having, are ultimately feelings (or qualias). 1. When I know I am thinking, for example, this knowledge ultimately comes through some kind of feeling. 2. Theorem 2 is axiomatic to me.
Theorem 3 : I am a (temporal) stream of (non-spatial) mental events (i.e. feelings). I am an NSTP (Non - Spatial Thinking Process). 1. I am a group of feelings. I am not something other than feelings. a. The feeling of pain, for example, is itself sufficient for its own existence. There is no need of some other substance (which is not a feeling itself) for feeling of pain, for example, to exist. b. When I know that I am feeling pain this knowledge itself, according to theorem 2, is ultimately represented as some feeling. 2. The feeling of bodily pain, for example, represents idea, concept, or thought of feeling of bodily pain (itself). Thus every feeling represents some thought. So I am an NSTP.
Theorem 4 : Feelings are most certainly real and thus physical or material. 1. The proposition ‘feelings are real’ is axiomatic to me. I cannot deny I am feeling something at moment. This feeling is most real thing while whole space, with all spatial entities including my body, could be a form of illusion. (I feel therefore I am.) 2. If something is real then it is physical or material.
Theorem 5 : Space ( as a room or void out there : whether three or higher dimensional, bounded or unbounded ) is a mere form/kind of illusion. ( i.e., exclusively / only a virtual reality; a projection of non-spatial mind; a kind of feeling.) 1. The problem of spatial - non-spatial interaction and ontological complexity- If space and non-spatial mind are both realities (i.e. ontologically existent) then there are following two possibilities : a. Spatial and non-spatial entities interact b. Spatial and non-spatial entities do not interact but rather follow a parallelism In first case there is a problem ‘how spatial and non-spatial physically interact’ and in both cases model of universe becomes unnecessarily (ontologically) complex as there are two real (ontologically existent) entities involved rather than just one. 2. The Zeno’s paradoxes - a. The racecourse or dichotomy paradox : ‘There is no motion because that which is moved must arrive at middle of its course before it arrives at end. In order to traverse a line segment it’s necessary to reach halfway point, but this requires first reaching quarter-way point, which first requires reaching eighth-way point, and so on without end. Hence motion can never begin. This problem isn’t alleviated by well-known infinite sum 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8... = 1 because Zeno is effectively insisting that sum be tackled in reverse direction. What is first term in such a series ?’ (See David Darling : The universal book of mathematics, 2004) b. Achilles and tortoise : ‘This is perhaps most famous of Zeno’s paradoxes. The slower when running will never be overtaken by quicker; for that which is persuing must first reach point from which that which is fleeing started, so that slower must necessarily always be some distance ahead. Thus, Achilles, however fast he runs, will never catch plodding tortoise who started first. And yet, of course, in real world, faster things do overtake slower ones.’ (See Simon Blackburn : Dictionary of Philosophy, 1996) The Zeno’s paradoxes are out of misbelief that space exists in ontological sense, i.e. as a reality, out there. In fact, space is a virtual reality, a form/kind of illusion (existing in form of non-spatial mind/s). Consequently (spatial) motion is also a form of illusion (to non-spatial observer/s). Thus reality (which is non-spatial) is not constrained by spatial infinities as whatever that is seen (i.e. experienced or felt) as happening in space is a mere illusion, with no resemblance to (non-spatial) reality. And illusion could be of any logically possible kind. In other words, that which creates (or is responsible for) spatial illusion do not have to bother whether mover has to first reach half of distance and so on, or faster has to first reach point where slower started or has infinitely many gaps to traverse, etc. The only thing is that it has to produce some dynamic spatial pattern (actually represented in form of some non-spatial feelings or states of consciousness), as if a mover moving or faster overtaking slower. That’s it. [ In analogy with desktop computers a software programmer or graphic designer do not at all have to worry with Zeno’s arguments or paradoxes. All s/he has to do is to design and write a program in order to create an appropriate dynamic or changing pattern on computer monitor screen. ] ( The last two of four Zeno’s paradoxes have different solutions which are stated in my article ‘The NSTP theoretical resolution of Zeno’s paradoxes’. ) 3. The problem of non-locality in quantum mechanics - In 1997 experiments were conducted in which light particles (i.e. photons) originated under certain conditions and travelled in opposite directions to detectors located about seven miles apart. The amazing results indicated that photons interacted or communicated with one another instantly or in no time. (See Robert Nadeau and Menas Kafatos, 1999. The non-local universe. 1st ed. Oxford : Oxford University Press) This problem is also out of misbelief that space exists in ontological sense, i.e. as a reality, out there. (Because if we believe that space does exist in that sense then any spatial communication would need some appropriate spatial structure and time, whereas in case of quantum non-locality communication between photons is instantaneous and with apparently no spatial structure/mechanism in between.) However, space being a virtual reality (to non-spatial observer/s) quantum non-locality is no longer mysterious or problematic as photons and their behaviour is a mere form of illusion, a virtual reality. [ Again in analogy with (spatial) desktop computers such a photonic behaviour on computer monitor screen has no slightest mystery surrounding it, as it is just a dynamic or changing pattern of pixels modulated by some hidden software process/es. ]
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (S.E.T.I)Written by Wayne Lowe
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (S.E.T.I)
Have you seen movie ‘Contact’ if you haven’t then you need to. Im creating a single article based on vision of this movie. Jodie foster stars as main character, she is brilliant in this film, making it so powerful, and full of inspiration.
Have you ever wondered what is out there? Have you ever been curious to know how this all began? Don’t be put of by little green men at all. Over past years, many television programmes show us countless possibilities that exist to what happened in creation of universe. It’s so big that I guess we could never reach end, if there indeed is an end.
One television programme, that got my attention, was search for a planet that harboured life, like our own planet. It had a term used as ‘the wobble effect’ meaning same effects as planet earth. There been a lot of searches for planets that sustain some similarity to our own planet.
If S.E.T.I project, still running online today, picked up a reading of a signal from outer reaches of universe, then Id be very curious to know what it is about, or what it means. There have been some signals that have been intercepted and sent to us, but even our modern day machines cannot understand it.
I wish that in my lifetime, we get some great discoveries of stars and skies; I would like to see a planet discovered, creating life like earth, with water, and oxygen. As this planet is slowly or in this day an age quiet fast, using up its resources, so we must find another planet, before we die, otherwise we could as a species be wiped out before we’ve even began to search heavens.
It would be exciting to know that there is life on other far away planets. Imagine if we could contact them, what would they look like, or what would there advancements be in terms of technology. If we think about it, do UFO’s really exist, have people mainly from USA been abducted. If alien race has advanced machines, then maybe this is true. Thinking of it in reality, if things like this happened, and were not denied by governments, then truth be told, it would cause panic, on a global scale, wouldn’t it? But if stories are not true, then it’s like loosing hope of ever finding, beings from distant galaxies.
Suppose our planet receives a message from another part of universe. We decode it, what would we want it to say? Like a quote from ‘Contact’ movie, if it’s just us, then it’s an awful waste of space. That to me is true. Why would there be a massive universe with just us in, lonely planet earth? It would seem lonely. Like thoughts of there being a god. There are different gods. We’ve never seen him, but to some, who pray and worship, they feel comfort in knowing that there is a powerful being. If there is an alien race, do they believe in a god, or have they never come across such an idea? Does there history tell of a man similar to Jesus?
Know one can prove that there is a god up in heaven, or devil. So how can we believe that aliens exist? I think there is a fine line, which separates this. Maybe miracles happen, prayers are answered, is this due to us being able to make them happen? Could we ask god to keep us alive forever, and never die? NO, as to us in material world it’s impossible. For so much death and destruction, for all that pray for peace and comfort, do we actually get it? Speaking from heart I believe that to distant future, maybe very soon, we will be in contact with another species. We will receive a message. We have not been far enough into space to find other places, so we can only assume there is going to be life. But say on other side of galaxy, there is another sun, where there is a planet same distance from sun as we are, in protective layer, which cannot be damaged by radiation, that maybe supporting life like us. Doesn’t that sound brilliant? There has to be. We cannot just be only galaxy to have a sun, in expanding universe then it must be there.
If all computers in world right now connected to internet, and downloaded S.E.T.I programme to intercept and download transmissions from S.E.T.I satellites then we could interpret more of codes that are given to us. We have to think of bigger picture don’t we? We have to think beyond our planet, think beyond our sight.
I like to think of theories and see from different points of view. So imagine Roswell accident did happen. An alien craft landed on earth in USA, and government kept it to study there technology, by keeping it in area 51, which is heavily guarded. If sightings of aliens have increased since then, maybe crash landing was true, as alien race are searching for there lost craft. This could be true!
I know that younger generation after me will continue to discover more of space, but it’s like winning a race, we need to try harder and go faster to reach end. We need to build a bigger telescope to search far beyond than we’ve ever done, build a space station, with a satellite on it, which can search 360 degrees whilst rotating round earth! A massive project that could combine entire earth’s wealth to design and build ultimate satellite to penetrate outer limits.
What would our purpose be hear whilst living on this planet, just to earn our money and die. Or actually make a difference to human race. It would be like star trek, with different colonies, on different galaxies, where we can support life on space shuttles for years, and then recycle materials to produce new ones without new materials being added, 100% recycling. We could go to planets way beyond imagination.