The Lord of the Rings

Written by Rosana Hart

J.R.R. Tolkien's great fantasy novels The Hobbit andrepparttar three books of The Lord Of The Rings (The Fellowship Of The Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return Of The King) have been keeping readers spellbound for generations. I was quite late for work one morning when I maderepparttar 138029 mistake of picking up The Return ofrepparttar 138030 King, thinking I'd just read a few more pages. I got completely wrapped up inrepparttar 138031 story and forgot everything about my everyday life!

The absorbing tales begin with The Hobbit whenrepparttar 138032 wizard Gandalf involves comfort-loving hobbit Bilbo Baggins in a great conflict between good and evil. The Lord Of The Rings continues with a larger cast of characters in Middle Earth. While The Hobbit might be read by itself, most people who readrepparttar 138033 Lord ofrepparttar 138034 Rings trilogy can't stop withrepparttar 138035 first one alone... they go through all three.

When Peter Jackson made films of The Lord ofrepparttar 138036 Rings, he had to deal with countless devoted fans who would be watching closely to see what he did torepparttar 138037 stories. How did it work out? Quite simply, he made perhapsrepparttar 138038 greatest trilogy ever brought to film. Tolkien's words were often preserved, andrepparttar 138039 changes that were made inrepparttar 138040 plot were done so sensitively that it was easy to see they were needed forrepparttar 138041 different medium of film.

"Sergio Leone and the Spaghetti Western"

Written by Sarah Anne Polsinelli

Clint Eastwood should have thanked Italy's film industry when accepting his second Best Director Oscar for this year's critically acclaimed Million Dollar Baby, because withoutrepparttar advent ofrepparttar 138004 Italian-born Spaghetti Western inrepparttar 138005 1960s, Eastwood wouldn't have a career. Italians didn't inventrepparttar 138006 Western, but they took an American staple and made it their own. By 1960, US film production companies had exhaustedrepparttar 138007 good-guy-fighting-for-justice storyline, and film sales dwindled. Italian filmmakers capitalized onrepparttar 138008 lucrative American market by tweakingrepparttar 138009 conventional plot, adding a few crucial stylistic elements (including memorable musical scores) and selling them back torepparttar 138010 Americans.

It wasrepparttar 138011 golden age of Italian Cinema (1956-1971) and betweenrepparttar 138012 years 1963 and 1973, over 400 Italian-style Westerns (dubbed "Spaghetti Westerns" by American audiences) were made.

Italian Western director Sergio Leone gotrepparttar 138013 tumbleweed rolling. He wasrepparttar 138014 first to make a huge impact inrepparttar 138015 United States, withrepparttar 138016 quintessential Spaghetti Western The Good,repparttar 138017 Bad, andrepparttar 138018 Ugly, making a star out of a young, relatively unknown (but incredibly handsome) American TV actor named Clint Eastwood.

The graphic violence attributed torepparttar 138019 series of films that Leone would complete may have had something to do withrepparttar 138020 Vietnam War, which took place during this phenomenon.

Leone's first film, 1964's breakthrough hit A Fistful of Dollars (Per un Pugno di Dollari) was based on Akira Kurosawa's samurai epic Yojimbo. Leone was a postmodern mannerist, exaggerating artistic elements of a film to make a profound impact onrepparttar 138021 viewer, like close-up shots that would fill uprepparttar 138022 entire screen and exceedingly slow movements.

In contrast torepparttar 138023 Spaghetti Western genre, American Westerns abided by an unwritten ethical code calledrepparttar 138024 Hays Code, which preventedrepparttar 138025 shooter andrepparttar 138026 victim from being inrepparttar 138027 same frame together (so ifrepparttar 138028 frame was focused onrepparttar 138029 victim,repparttar 138030 shot would come from off-screen for example). But with an eye for arresting violence, Leone had a different view on censorship. The Roman director once said: "My representation of death is moral as well as intellectual."

Takerepparttar 138031 psychedelic opening sequence for A Fistful of Dollars: It begins with a hazy white spot on a blood-red screen, accompanied byrepparttar 138032 sound of gunshots combined with Ennio Morricone's unique music. Morricone became instantly famous for his one of a kind musical scores - The Good,repparttar 138033 Bad andrepparttar 138034 Ugly theme isrepparttar 138035 most familiar of these.

Cont'd on page 2 ==> © 2005
Terms of Use