The Language and Meaning of Flowers

Written by Garry Gamber

Sweet flowers alone can say what passion fears revealing Thomas Hood poem, The Language of Flowers

Flowers and bouquets of flowers have a meaning of their own. Most of us know that a dozen red roses means, “Be mine.” But did you know, for example, that a primrose means, “I can’t live without you,” or that a purple hyacinth means, “Please forgive me,” or that a pink carnation means, “I’ll never forget you,” or that a gladiolus means, “Give me a break?”

Flower meanings have been used to convey ideas, feelings and messages for centuries. The word, floriography, has been coined forrepparttar assignment of meaning to flowers. There is a meaning to colors of flowers, to numbers of flowers, and to groups of flowers. It is a silent language that has been largely lost to us through lack of use.

In addition torepparttar 136045 obvious choices of color and variety,repparttar 136046 language of flowers also includesrepparttar 136047 way flowers are worn or presented. Presenting flowers upright conveys a positive meaning, but if they are presented upside downrepparttar 136048 meaning isrepparttar 136049 opposite. If a ribbon is included withrepparttar 136050 flowers and is tied torepparttar 136051 left thenrepparttar 136052 meaning ofrepparttar 136053 flowers refers torepparttar 136054 giver, but ifrepparttar 136055 ribbon is tied torepparttar 136056 right thenrepparttar 136057 meaning refers torepparttar 136058 recipient. Also, flowers can be used to answer questions. When they are presented withrepparttar 136059 right handrepparttar 136060 answer is “yes,” but when presented withrepparttar 136061 left handrepparttar 136062 answer is “no.”


The Turks inrepparttar 136063 17th century seemed to develop flower meanings. In 1718repparttar 136064 wife ofrepparttar 136065 British ambassador to Constantinople, Lady Mary Wortley, wrote a letter expounding onrepparttar 136066 “Secret Language of Flowers” that she had discovered during her visits to Turkey. Europe quickly picked up onrepparttar 136067 concept.

In 1819 Louise Cortambert, underrepparttar 136068 pen name, Madame Charlotte de la Tour, wrote and published what seems to have beenrepparttar 136069 first dictionary ofrepparttar 136070 flower language entitled, Le Language des Fleurs. It was a small book, but it became a popular reference onrepparttar 136071 subject.

Duringrepparttar 136072 Victorian era,repparttar 136073 reign of Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1901,repparttar 136074 meaning and language of flowers became increasingly popular. Victorian women especially picked uprepparttar 136075 silent language that allowed them to communicate feelings and meanings thatrepparttar 136076 strict propriety ofrepparttar 136077 times would not allow. Tussie-mussies, a bouquet of flowers wrapped with a lace doily and tied with a satin ribbon became a popular and valued gift ofrepparttar 136078 times.

In 1884 a whole book onrepparttar 136079 subject and entitled, The Language of Flowers, by Jean Marsh and illustrated by Kate Greenaway, was published in London. It became popular and respected and has beenrepparttar 136080 standard source for Victorian flower meaning ever since.

Selected Flower Meanings

Here are some selected flowers and their meanings, a short dictionary.

Almond flowers -- Hope Anemone -- Forsaken Aster -- Symbol of love Balm -- Sympathy Basil -- Best wishes Bay leaf -- "I change but in death" Bell flower, white -- Gratitude Bergamot -- Irresistible Bluebell -- Constancy Borage -- Courage Broom -- Humility Campanula -- Gratitude Carnation, pink -- I'll never forget you Carnation, red -- My poor heart aches for you Carnation, striped -- Refusal China rose -- Beauty always new Chrysanthemum -- Love Clover, four leaved -- "Be mine" Coreopsis -- Love at first sight Cuckoo pint -- Ardor Daffodil -- Regard Daisy -- Innocence, new-born, "I share your sentiment" Fennel -- Flattery Fern -- Sincerity Forget-Me-Not -- True love Furze or Gorse -- Enduring affection French Marigold -- Jealousy Gardenia -- Ecstasy Gentian -- Loveliness Geranium -- "You are childish" Hare bell -- Grief Heartsease -- "I am always thinking of you" Honeysuckle -- Bonds of love Heather -- Admiration Hyacinth -- I am sorry, Please forgive me Ice Plant -- "Your appearance freezes me" Ivy -- Fidelity, friendship, marriage Jasmine -- Grace Jonquil -- "I hope for return of affection" Lavender -- Luck, devotion Lemon Balm -- Sympathy Lilac -- First love Lily -- Purity, modesty Lily ofrepparttar 136081 Valley -- Purity,repparttar 136082 return of happiness Lily, Calla -- Beauty Marigold -- Health, grief or despair Marjoram -- Kindness, courtesy Myrtle -- Fidelity Oregano -- Joy Orchid -- Love, beauty, refinement Pansy -- Loving thoughts Periwinkle -- Happy memory Phlox -- Agreement Poppy, red -- Consolation Primrose -- I can't live without you Rose, cabbage -- Ambassador of love Rose, red -- Love Rose, pink -- Grace, beauty Rose, yellow -- Friendship Rosemary -- Remembrance, constancy Rue -- Contrition Sage -- Gratitude, domestic virtue Snowdrop -- Hope Star of Bethlehem -- Purity Sweet Pea -- Departure, tender memory Sweet William -- Gallantry Tuberose -- Voluptuousness Tulip, red -- My perfect lover, Reclamation of love Violet -- Loyalty, modesty, humility Violet, blue -- Faithfulness Wormwood -- Grief Wheat -- Riches ofrepparttar 136083 continuation of life Willow, weeping -- Mourning Wallflower -- Fidelity Yew -- Sorrow

Outdoor Patio Heaters

Written by Ross MacIver

Outdoor Patio Heaters

Almost everybody enjoys spending time outdoors, and that's why most houses have an outdoor terrace or patio. People living in northern climates, however, can only use their patio duringrepparttar pleasant summer weather. If you wish to extend your patio season, outdoor patio heaters can be used to enjoy your patio or terrace inrepparttar 135900 early spring and late fall as well as duringrepparttar 135901 summer.

An outdoor patio heater is perfect for people who like to entertain outside. It can makerepparttar 135902 difference between being able to relax and being uncomfortable. Your guests will appreciate being able to enjoyrepparttar 135903 outdoors with you thanks to your patio heater.

There are many styles and colors to choose from when buying a patio heater. The most popular style isrepparttar 135904 freestanding patio heater, which provides a heating diameter of about 20 feet. There are many manufacturers who make this type of patio heater, so you have a large variety of models to choose from.

When buying a patio heater, check to see that it has safety features like a shut off valve. This will stoprepparttar 135905 flow of gas in caserepparttar 135906 heater is tipped or overturned. Without this safety shut off valve, a patio heater presents a real fire hazard.

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