The Inverted Saint - Hitler

Written by Sam Vaknin

"My feeling as a Christian points me to my Lord and Savior as a fighter. It points me torepparttar man who once in loneliness, surrounded only by a few followers, recognized these Jews for what they were and summoned men to fight against them and who, God's truth! was greatest not as a sufferer but as a fighter.

In boundless love as a Christian and as a man I read throughrepparttar 126017 passage which tells us howrepparttar 126018 Lord at last rose in His might and seizedrepparttar 126019 scourge to drive out ofrepparttar 126020 Templerepparttar 126021 brood of vipers and adders. How terrific was his fight againstrepparttar 126022 Jewish poison.

Today, after two thousand years, with deepest emotion I recognize more profoundly than ever beforerepparttar 126023 fact that it was for this that He had to shed his blood uponrepparttar 126024 Cross.

As a Christian I have no duty to allow myself to be cheated, but I haverepparttar 126025 duty to be a fighter for truth and justice . . .

And if there is anything which could demonstrate that we are acting rightly, it isrepparttar 126026 distress that daily grows. For as a Christian I have also a duty to my own people. And when I look on my people I see them work and work and toil and labor, and atrepparttar 126027 end ofrepparttar 126028 week they have only for their wages wretchedness and misery.

When I go out inrepparttar 126029 morning and see these men standing in their queues and look into their pinched faces, then I believe I would be no Christian, but a very devil, if I felt no pity for them, if I did not, as did our Lord two thousand years ago, turn against those by whom today this poor people are plundered and exploited."

(Source: The Straight Dope - Speech by Adolf Hitler, delivered April 12, 1922, published in "My New Order," and quoted in Freethought Today (April 1990)

Hitler and Nazism are often portrayed as an apocalyptic and seismic break with European history. Yetrepparttar 126030 truth is that they wererepparttar 126031 culmination and reification of European history inrepparttar 126032 19th century. Europe's annals of colonialism have prepared it forrepparttar 126033 range of phenomena associated withrepparttar 126034 Nazi regime - from industrial murder to racial theories, from slave labour torepparttar 126035 forcible annexation of territory.

Germany was a colonial power no different to murderous Belgium or Britain. What set it apart is that it directed its colonial attentions atrepparttar 126036 heartland of Europe - rather than at Africa or Asia. Both World Wars were colonial wars fought on European soil. Moreover, Nazi Germany innovated by applying prevailing racial theories (usually reserved to non-whites) torepparttar 126037 white race itself. It started withrepparttar 126038 Jews - a non-controversial proposition - but then expanded them to include "east European" whites, such asrepparttar 126039 Poles andrepparttar 126040 Russians.

Germany was not alone in its malignant nationalism. The far right in France was as pernicious. Nazism - and Fascism - were world ideologies, adopted enthusiastically in places as diverse as Iraq, Egypt, Norway, Latin America, and Britain. Atrepparttar 126041 end ofrepparttar 126042 1930's, liberal capitalism, communism, and fascism (and its mutations) were locked in mortal battle of ideologies. Hitler's mistake was to delusionally believe inrepparttar 126043 affinity between capitalism and Nazism - an affinity enhanced, to his mind, by Germany's corporatism and byrepparttar 126044 existence of a common enemy: global communism.

Colonialism always had discernible religious overtones and often collaborated with missionary religion. "The White Man's burden" of civilizingrepparttar 126045 "savages" was widely perceived as ordained by God. The church wasrepparttar 126046 extension ofrepparttar 126047 colonial power's army and trading companies.

It is no wonder that Hitler's lebensraum colonial movement - Nazism - possessed allrepparttar 126048 hallmarks of an institutional religion: priesthood, rites, rituals, temples, worship, catechism, mythology. Hitler was this religion's ascetic saint. He monastically denied himself earthly pleasures (or so he claimed) in order to be able to dedicate himself fully to his calling. Hitler was a monstrously inverted Jesus, sacrificing his life and denying himself so that (Aryan) humanity should benefit. By surpassing and suppressing his humanity, Hitler became a distorted version of Nietzsche's "superman".

Fascism - The Tensile Permanence

Written by Sam Vaknin

Nazism - and, by extension, fascism (thoughrepparttar two are by no means identical) - amounted to permanent revolutionary civil wars. Fascist movements were founded, inter alia, on negations and onrepparttar 126016 militarization of politics. Their raison d'etre and vigor were derived from their rabid opposition to liberalism, communism, conservatism, rationalism, and individualism and from exclusionary racism. It was a symbiotic relationship - self-definition and continued survival by opposition.

Yet, all fascist movements suffered from fatal - though largely preconcerted - ideological tensions. In their drive to become broad, pluralistic, churches (a hallmark of totalitarian movements) - these secular religions often offered contradictory doctrinal fare.

I. Renewal vs. Destruction

The first axis of tension was between renewal and destruction. Fascist parties invariably presented themselves as concerned withrepparttar 126017 pursuit and realization of a utopian program based onrepparttar 126018 emergence of a "new man" (in Germany it was a mutation of Nietzsche's Superman). "New", "young", "vital", and "ideal" were pivotal keywords. Destruction was both inevitable (i.e.,repparttar 126019 removal ofrepparttar 126020 old and corrupt) and desirable (i.e., cathartic, purifying, unifying, and ennobling).

Yet fascism was also nihilistic. It was bipolar: either utopia or death. Hitler instructed Speer to demolish Germany when his dream of a thousand-years Reich crumbled. This mental splitting mechanism (all bad or all good, black or white) is typical of all utopian movements. Similarly, Stalin (not a fascist) embarked on orgies of death and devastation every time he faced an obstacle.

This ever-present tension between construction, renewal, vitalism, andrepparttar 126021 adoration of nature - and destruction, annihilation, murder, and chaos - was detrimental torepparttar 126022 longevity and cohesion of fascist fronts.

II. Individualism vs. Collectivism

A second, more all-pervasive, tension was between self-assertion and what Griffin and Payne call "self transcendence". Fascism was a cult ofrepparttar 126023 Promethean will, ofrepparttar 126024 super-man, above morality, andrepparttar 126025 shackles ofrepparttar 126026 pernicious materialism, egalitarianism, and rationalism. It was demanded ofrepparttar 126027 New Man to be willful, assertive, determined, self-motivating, a law unto himself. The New Man, in other words, was supposed to be contemptuously a-social (though not anti-social).

But here, precisely, aroserepparttar 126028 contradiction. It was society which demanded fromrepparttar 126029 New Man certain traits andrepparttar 126030 selfless fulfillment of certain obligations and observance of certain duties. The New Man was supposed to transcend egotism and sacrifice himself forrepparttar 126031 greater, collective, good. In Germany, it was Hitler who embodied this intolerable inconsistency. Onrepparttar 126032 one hand, he was considered to berepparttar 126033 reification ofrepparttar 126034 will ofrepparttar 126035 nation and its destiny. Onrepparttar 126036 other hand, he was described as self-denying, self-less, inhumanly altruistic, and a temporal saint martyred onrepparttar 126037 altar ofrepparttar 126038 German nation.

This doctrinal tension manifested itself also inrepparttar 126039 economic ideology of fascist movements.

Fascism was often corporatist or syndicalist (and always collectivist). At times, it sounded suspiciously like Leninism-Stalinism. Payne has this to say:

"What fascist movements had in common wasrepparttar 126040 aim of a new functional relationship forrepparttar 126041 functional and economic systems, eliminatingrepparttar 126042 autonomy (or, in some proposals,repparttar 126043 existence) of large-scale capitalism and modern industry, alteringrepparttar 126044 nature of social status, and creating a new communal or reciprocal productive relationship through new priorities, ideals, and extensive governmental control and regulation. The goal of accelerated economic modernization was often espoused ..."

(Stanley G. Payne - A History of Fascism 1914-1945 - University of Wisconsin Press, 1995 - p. 10)

Still, private property was carefully preserved and property rights meticulously enforced. Ownership of assets was considered to be a mode of individualistic expression (and, thus, "self-assertion") not to be tampered with.

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