The History of the Watch

Written by Martin Smith

Before learning about watches you should be familiar with some ofrepparttar terminology. The word horology has two meanings; it isrepparttar 149432 study or science of measuring time orrepparttar 149433 art of making clocks, watches, and devices for telling time.

Sincerepparttar 149434 first appearance of man onrepparttar 149435 earth an effort has been made to measure time. The tracking ofrepparttar 149436 sun's movement acrossrepparttar 149437 sky, candles that were marked at intervals, oil lamps with a marked reservoir, sandglasses (hourglasses) are some ofrepparttar 149438 ways in which time was measured. Inrepparttar 149439 Orient knotted cords and small stone or metal mazes filled with incense that would be burned at a specific rate.

Water clocks did not depend onrepparttar 149440 observation ofrepparttar 149441 sky orrepparttar 149442 sun. The earliest water clock was found inrepparttar 149443 tomb of Amenhotep I who was buried around 1500 B.C. Greeks called them clepsydras; they were stone containers with sloped sides that allowed water to drip at an almost constant rate from a small hole inrepparttar 149444 bottom. Other clepsydras were cylinders or bowl shaped designed to slowly fill up with water coming in at a near constant pace. Markings onrepparttar 149445 inside ofrepparttar 149446 bowl markedrepparttar 149447 passage ofrepparttar 149448 hours. Though this was used primarily at night, it is thought they were used inrepparttar 149449 day hours as well. A metal bowl with a holerepparttar 149450 bottom was placed in a larger bowl filled with water. It would fill and then sink in a certain amount of time.

Since water flow was not exactly predictable and difficult to controlrepparttar 149451 flow accurately, timepieces that depended on water were very inadequate. People were drawn to develop more accurate ways of measuring and telling time.

The development of quartz crystal clocks and timepieces depended onrepparttar 149452 crystal size, shape, and temperature to create a frequency. Quartz clocks and watches continue to be popular. They work well enough forrepparttar 149453 price and although they tend to be slightly 'off'repparttar 149454 correct time most people can afford them.

The first watches had a natural movement but no minute hand. They had to be wound every twelve hours. Watches were originally worn more for adornment than functionality. Timepieces worked with weights but these were not practical in portable timepieces.

Time measurement has been a goal of man fromrepparttar 149455 beginning and a time line will help you understand how we got to where we are with watches. Watches have so many new functions. They haverepparttar 149456 date,repparttar 149457 time, times across time zones and some have stop watches. Most watches have some kind of an alarm in them. The possibilities are endless and I can really see a Dick Tracy type of watch being real.

Here is a timeline of watch history. Some ofrepparttar 149458 years might not be listed in chronological order but I got them as close to it as possible. It is very interesting to learn how watches have developed. It's amazing when I think ofrepparttar 149459 minds ofrepparttar 149460 people who had their hand in creating watches, how smart and technical they must have been!

Prior to 1600 - The main problem wasrepparttar 149461 driving powerrepparttar 149462 timepieces ran were balanced weights. This made it difficult to carry them around.

1524 - Henlien was paid fifteen Florins for a gilt musk-apple with a watch. This isrepparttar 149463 earliest date of watch production that is known.

The History of Rings

Written by Martin Smith

Duringrepparttar Medieval period is when rings became popular. All classes of people wore rings fromrepparttar 149431 poorest torepparttar 149432 richest. Rings were typically made of iron, copper, silver, and gold. The material ofrepparttar 149433 ring worn usually indicatedrepparttar 149434 class ofrepparttar 149435 wearer. It wasn't until aroundrepparttar 149436 14th century that faceted jewels appeared in rings.

Some cultures have rings typically associated with them. Cultures such as Native Americans use silver and turquoise in their jewelry. Early Christians usedrepparttar 149437 Greek symbol,repparttar 149438 Icthus, which resembles a fish. One ofrepparttar 149439 best known isrepparttar 149440 Irish Claddagh that also has an intriguing story attached to it. Richard Joyce was amongrepparttar 149441 crew of a fishing boat fromrepparttar 149442 village of Claddagh, Ireland that was captured, he was to have been married that very same week. During slavery Richard Joyce was put torepparttar 149443 trade of Goldsmith-ing. Throughrepparttar 149444 years of capture neither married. Richard Joyce created a ring for his love with a heart for love, a crown for loyalty, and two hands.

After Joyce escaped capture, he returned torepparttar 149445 village of Claddagh and was overjoyed to see his love again and to know she had never married. She always knew he would return to her. He gave herrepparttar 149446 ring that has become known asrepparttar 149447 Claddagh ring. Ifrepparttar 149448 Claddagh is worn onrepparttar 149449 right hand withrepparttar 149450 crown inward (towardrepparttar 149451 wrist)repparttar 149452 heart is not yet committed. If it is worn onrepparttar 149453 right hand withrepparttar 149454 crown turned outwardrepparttar 149455 wearer is committed to someone. Finally if it is worn onrepparttar 149456 left hand withrepparttar 149457 crown outward it means “Let our love and friendship reign forever, never to be separated.”

Rings are worn for a variety of reasons including adornment. There are rings given as a reward for a job well done such asrepparttar 149458 Super Bowl victory. They are given to represent commitment as in engagements and marriages. Women religious to signify their commitment to God also wear rings.

Rings can be made of almost any material now. They can be made from plastic, silver, gold, or copper, even wood. They can be made of ceramic materials as well. They can be of simple design or something as intricate as filigree.

They can be plain and simple or they can be adorned with jewels or gemstones, as inrepparttar 149459 case of birthstone rings. There is a birthstone for each month ofrepparttar 149460 year and each has its own meaning. Seerepparttar 149461 listing below. January - Garnet -repparttar 149462 gem of faith and truth; protects from poisons, thought to stop bleeding, cure sickness ofrepparttar 149463 blood and infections. February - Amethyst - aids soldiers in battle, control evil thoughts, helps hunters to catch animals, and helpsrepparttar 149464 owner be good in business.

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