The Cancer Research Industry

Written by Simon Mitchell

Many volunteers world-wide commit themselves to raising funds for cancer research and cancer charities. Many hundreds of thousands more work inrepparttar industry as carers, or researching, prescribing, diagnosing and manufacturing drugs. Huge companies spend fortunes on cancer research. After so long and so many billions spent what exactly has cancer research revealed?

There have been regular breakthroughs in our understanding of cancer, but little progress in its treatment. Modern research into cancer began inrepparttar 147231 1940's and 50's when scientists isolated substances that killed cancer cells growing in a petri dish, or leukaemia cells in laboratory mice. Early successes in chemotherapy setrepparttar 147232 pace and received much media exposure, even though they only applied to 5% of cancer treatments at most.

Serving humanity by solving its major diseases has a celebrity status, there is a lot of kudos and an air of Hollywood involved in such things. Cancer research is high profile activity and every now and then a scientific treatment is discovered that gains wide recognition, such asrepparttar 147233 HPV-16 trial, but it only applies itself torepparttar 147234 treatment of a small percentage of cancers. Mass-media hype is part ofrepparttar 147235 problem of how we see cancer. Early discoveries set up an expectation that there was a cure-all treatment, a 'magic bullet' that would make its discoverer famous by curing cancer acrossrepparttar 147236 world. The idea stems in part from aspirin,repparttar 147237 original bullet that magically finds its way torepparttar 147238 pain and diminishes it. Even now boasts of 'paradigm shifts' in orthodox cancer care are exaggerated.

Inrepparttar 147239 1950's and 60's huge and expensive research projects were set up to test every known substance to see if it effected cancer cells. You might rememberrepparttar 147240 discovery ofrepparttar 147241 Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharansus Roseus), which revealed alkaloids (vinblastine and vincristine) that are still used in chemotherapy today. Taxol, a treatment for ovarian and breast cancer originally came fromrepparttar 147242 Pacific Yew tree. A treatment for testicular cancer and small-cell lung cancer called 'Etoposide' was derived fromrepparttar 147243 May apple. In 'Plants Used Against Cancer' by Jonathan Hartwell over 3,000 plants are identified from medical and folklore sources for treating cancer, about half of which have been shown to have some effect on cancer cells in a test tube.

When these plants are made into synthetic drugs, single chemicals are isolated andrepparttar 147244 rest ofrepparttar 147245 plant is usually thrown away. The medicinally active molecules are extracted fromrepparttar 147246 plant and modified until they are chemically unique. Thenrepparttar 147247 compound is patented, given a brand name and tested.

Inrepparttar 147248 first phase it will generally be tested on animals,repparttar 147249 second phase will decide dosage levels and in phase 3 it is tested on people. Byrepparttar 147250 time it is approved byrepparttar 147251 Federal Drugs Authority (in U.S.A.) orrepparttar 147252 Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulation Agency (M.H.R.A.) in Britain,repparttar 147253 development costs for a new drug can reach five hundred million dollars, which eventually has to be recouped fromrepparttar 147254 consumer.

In addition to 'treatment directed' research such as finding chemicals that effect cancer cells, basic research continues apace, into differences between normal and cancerous cells. Inrepparttar 147255 last 30 years this research has revealed much about our nature, but still no cure. Below are some current strands of scientific research into cancer.

antibody-guided therapy: this isrepparttar 147256 original 'magic bullet'. Cancer researchers use monoclonal antibodies to carry poisons directly torepparttar 147257 cancer cells without harming others.

chronobiology: much of what happens in our bodies is governed by cycles, fromrepparttar 147258 female monthly cycle torepparttar 147259 cycles of brainwaves. Human health depends on interacting cycles geared to acts of perception, breathing, reproduction and renewal. Chronobiology analyses these cycles in relation to different times, such as day and night. Hormones, including stress and growth hormones, have their own cycles. For example they may be at their highest activity inrepparttar 147260 morning and quieter at night. Cancer cells seem to no longer obeyrepparttar 147261 same cycle rates as normal cells.

Anti-telomerase: one part of a cell, calledrepparttar 147262 telomerase, governsrepparttar 147263 life cycle of a cell and how many times it may multiply. Some cancer cells escape this control and can increaserepparttar 147264 number of times they divide, becoming 'immortal'. Researchers hope to gain control over cancer cells by stoppingrepparttar 147265 action of telomerase.

Anti-angiogenesis: secondary tumours (metastasis) can persuaderepparttar 147266 cells around them to grow new blood vessels to feedrepparttar 147267 tumours, supplying oxygen and nutrients forrepparttar 147268 growing cancer. This process is called angiogenesis and research here is finding ways to stoprepparttar 147269 signals to normal cells that startrepparttar 147270 process.

Anti-adhesion molecules: Cancer cells form into clumps, unlike those in a petri dish which form into a flatter arrangement. When there are clumps of cells they seem to possess a quality that resists treatment. This strand of research looks at ways that can stoprepparttar 147271 cells clumping together, by dissolvingrepparttar 147272 clumps for more effective treatment.

Don't Get Cancer

Written by Simon Mitchell

One antidote to cancer is information In general our responses to cancer are converging, but very slowly. Presently all cancer authorities are agreed on only one thing:

cancer cannot take hold in a healthy immune system

The World Health Organisation (W.H.O.) is promoting prevention as a better option than treatment and particularly targeting smoking asrepparttar highest recogniseable risk area. The Cancer Research Institute (C.R.I.) is seeking vaccines that supportrepparttar 147230 body's own ability to heal. Alternative and holistic approaches seek to dorepparttar 147231 same with diet, nutrition, lifestyle and other choices.

Different philosophies of medicine achieve 'immune support' in various ways not considered by orthodox Western medicine, which concentrates mainly on 'drugs and surgery' as an afterthought to disease, often just adding more toxins and stress to an overloaded system. Alternative treatments take many forms to supportrepparttar 147232 body in its own healing process. Although we have constant new biological treatments promised, they usually only apply to a small percentage of cancer types. Change in this field is agonisingly slow and in some cases utterly stuck. Medical science is failing to adapt torepparttar 147233 new 'quantum theory' sciences that seerepparttar 147234 human body from an energy or 'vibrational' perspective. Western 'allopathic' medicine continues to refuse integration with other, older medical philosophies such as Chinese, Ayurvedic, Tibetan, Homeopathy, Herbalism or vibrational treatment.

In truth we don't even have a research methodology that will cope with assessing different treatment forms and levels tuned to an individual patient. So far it is much easier forrepparttar 147235 orthodox to just denyrepparttar 147236 effectiveness of alternative ways of healing because they do not make rational scientific sense, than it is to extend their model to include other healing models. The fiscal interest of pharmaceutical companies is also a factor in our lack of access to holistic treatments

The complex cancer situation effects us all directly. One in three people inrepparttar 147237 'West' now gets cancer at some point. Many factors are combining to aggravate acute degenerative disorders such as cancer or heart disease,repparttar 147238 two top killers inrepparttar 147239 Western World. These exposerepparttar 147240 unwary to dangers and this includesrepparttar 147241 toxic side-effects of allopathic treatments - it is emerging thatrepparttar 147242 third biggest killer may be 'allopathic medicine' itself !

The Cancer Research Industry Research shows that in UK every year somewhere between 450 to 500 million is spent on cancer research byrepparttar 147243 pharmaceutical industries, charitable organisations and government. In US an estimated $14 billion dollars (7.72 billion) are spent. A hard-hitting report published in March 2004 by Fortune, an American business magazine and written by Cliff Leaf, himself a cancer survivor, suggests that for several reasons much of this funding and research is misdirected. He claims that despite a total of $200 billion spent on cancer research since 1971 that mortality rates are basically unchanged. The report was all but ignored by mainstream media.

What if he's right? What is much of this money is wasted? What ifrepparttar 147244 research is misdirected? What if much ofrepparttar 147245 work serves no real purpose beyondrepparttar 147246 generation of profit? That would mean thatrepparttar 147247 cancer research industry is one ofrepparttar 147248 biggest bandwagons ever. Despite many more billions spent world-wide on cancer research there seems very little to show for it. After seeing friends and family cut down in their prime by cancer, and its allopathic treatments, this researcher believes that there is something seriously wrong with accepted wisdom on cancer treatment. The author's local health authority has a twelve million pound overspend this year -repparttar 147249 major expenditure? The cost of cancer drugs. Several situations are combining to make cancer a big risk for us all at this time, despiterepparttar 147250 hard work of many dedicated health service professionals.

Cancer and Orthodox Medical Science Although medical science has created miracles in dealing with infectious diseases, solving many ofrepparttar 147251 medical problems ofrepparttar 147252 1940's and 50's,repparttar 147253 new weapons against acute degenerative disorders are not yet ready. Genetic testing and counselling, gene therapy, nutrigenomics, advanced (subtle and tuned) radiotherapies, cell therapies, therapuetic cloning, cancer vaccines and even anti-aging therapies are a seemingly constant 10 - 15 years away. This isrepparttar 147254 21st century and we are still getting 20th century treatments. This leaves us atrepparttar 147255 moment in a time of high cancer risk with treatments that are oftenrepparttar 147256 medical equivalent of cracking a nut with a sledgehammer. The orthodox treatment of cancer is too often as dangerous asrepparttar 147257 disease itself.

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