That Brilliant Vitamin: Vitamin B

Written by Charlene J. Nuble

Perhaps you first read riboflavin atrepparttar back of a cereal box. Perhaps you first encountered folic acid from your first grade science teacher. Perhaps you first heard balanced diet from your mom. All that and more compose Vitamin B which is a group of eight individual vitamins, often referred to as B vitamins or B-complex vitamins. Vitamin B promotes normal growth and development, treats anemia and some types of nerve damage, helps mental and nervous conditions, improves resistance to infection and disease, increases appetite and energy, and improves memory. Vitamin B is also essential forrepparttar 150006 breakdown of carbohydrates into glucose, breakdown of fats and proteins, muscles inrepparttar 150007 stomach and intestinal tract, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver.

As mentioned earlier, Vitamin B is a group of eight individual vitamins. These vitamins are thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin, pyrodixine (B-6), folic acid (B-9), cyanocobalamin (B-12), panthotenic acid, and biotin.

Vitamin B1 or Thiamine is essential forrepparttar 150008 conversion of carbohydrates into simple sugars called glucose which produces energy. This Vitamin B is also essential forrepparttar 150009 proper functioning ofrepparttar 150010 heart, muscles, and nervous system. Thiamine deficiency is rare but often occurs to alcoholics because alcohol oftentimes interferes withrepparttar 150011 absorption of Vitamin B thiamine throughrepparttar 150012 intestines. There are also several health implications associated with being thiamine deficient. One is beriberi, a disease characterized by anemia, paralysis, muscular atrophy, and spasms inrepparttar 150013 leg muscles. Other disorders associated with being thiamine deficient is Wernicke's encephelopathy which causes lack of coordination, Korsakoff's psychosis which affects short-term memory. Being thiamine deficient can also affectrepparttar 150014 mouth resulting to increased sensitivity ofrepparttar 150015 teeth, cheeks, and gums as well as cracks inrepparttar 150016 lips. Vitamin B thiamine can be found in whole-grain cereals, bread, red meat, egg yolks, and green leafy vegetables. High doses of thiamine has been found not to cause adverse health effects and excess of this water-soluble vitamin b can be excreted.

Vitamin B2 Riboflavin is important inrepparttar 150017 breakdown of carbohydrates, and fats and proteins. It is also significant inrepparttar 150018 maintenance ofrepparttar 150019 skin and mucuous membrane,repparttar 150020 cornea ofrepparttar 150021 eye, and nerve sheaths. Riboflavin deficiency can cause skin disorders and inflammation ofrepparttar 150022 soft tissue lining aroundrepparttar 150023 mouth and nose. It can also causerepparttar 150024 eye to be hypersensitive to light. Like Thiamine, Riboflavin is found in whole grain products, milk, meat, and eggs. This is also excreted because it is a water-soluble vitamin although a little is stored inrepparttar 150025 kidney and liver.

Vitamin B3 Niacin, also known as nicotinamide, is important in metabolism as well as inrepparttar 150026 maintenance of healthy skin, nerves, and gastrointestinal tract. Niacin deficiency can result to a disease called pellegra. The symptoms of pellegra are sometimes called "Three Ds" - diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia. The mouth is also affected by pellegra which causesrepparttar 150027 inside ofrepparttar 150028 cheeks and tongue to become red and painful. Vitamin B3 can be found in dairy products, poultry, fish, lean meat, nuts, and eggs. Niacin can also be prescribed in higher doses as drugs to help lower cholesterol but this can cause side effects such as flushing ofrepparttar 150029 skin , itching, headaches, cramps, nausea, and skin eruptions.

Knowing Tooth Decay And Its Modern Treatments

Written by Charlene J. Nuble

"Tooth decay, also known as dental cavities, or dental caries, is a disease that is five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever." -- Michael C. Alfano, Dean ofrepparttar New York University College of Dentistry.

As warned byrepparttar 150005 World Health Organization, tooth decay is one ofrepparttar 150006 world's most prevalent health problems in industrialized and especially in developing countries. An estimate of 90% people inrepparttar 150007 United States has at least one cavity. Children and senior citizens arerepparttar 150008 two groups of people at highest risk.

In children, it usually happens when sugar-laden foods such as candies are frequently left onrepparttar 150009 teeth. Inrepparttar 150010 mouth, there are bacteria that live in plaque (a sticky, whitish film produced by our saliva) that convertrepparttar 150011 sugar into acids. These acids eat awayrepparttar 150012 tooth's protective coating also known asrepparttar 150013 enamel. Excessive destruction of this outer surface ofrepparttar 150014 tooth results in tooth decay.

What makes adults also prone to being afflicted with tooth decay is when aging causes gums to move back fromrepparttar 150015 teeth. Combined with gum disease, this gum recession exposesrepparttar 150016 tooth root to plaque. This will causerepparttar 150017 breakdown ofrepparttar 150018 tooth root. People who already have a number of dental restorations (fillings and crowns) may also suffer from tooth decay, especially aroundrepparttar 150019 teeth's edges, or margins.

The cost of spoiling your sweet tooth. Tooth decay, particularly inrepparttar 150020 front teeth, may become an impediment towards achieving a pleasing appearance, thus affecting self-esteem. Cavities can also impact an individual's emotional and social well being by causing pain and discomfort from toothache. In addition to this, it can also cause some serious health problem like malnutrition by interfering with an individual's ability to eat certain foods. If tooth decay is not treated early, complication from infection could cause swelling ofrepparttar 150021 face and neck, fever and blood poisoning.

Prevention is a lot less expensive AND less painful than treatment. Although tooth decay remains as one ofrepparttar 150022 most common chronic disease, today many people are in better oral health than before. The consolidated effort of dental associations and many other health organizations in raising oral health consciousness,repparttar 150023 support ofrepparttar 150024 government, and cooperation fromrepparttar 150025 public made this improvement attainable. Several community-based programs aimed at solving oral health dilemmas are carried out. These include extending fluoridated water and schools having sealant projects for children. However, these programs cannot reach many remote areas where ethnic minorities are and where many people are living in poverty. Their access to formal education and dental care is very limited. This showsrepparttar 150026 need for more community-based dental programs to help people take care of their teeth.

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