Staying Safe When There's Lightning Around

Written by Graham McClung

Lightning is great to watch, and makes a superb subject for videos or photographs - from a distance. But it's pretty scary when it strikes nearby, and every year there are news reports of lightning fatalities.

So what are your chances of being struck by lightning?

Fortunately they are pretty slim. But that's probably whatrepparttar hundred or so people killed by lightning in an average year probably thought.

So while you or I are most unlikely to be struck,repparttar 105812 consequences are so severe that it's worthwhile taking every precaution to make sure that we don't end up a lightning statistic.

A Few Lightning Facts

  • Although lightning is known from volcanic eruptions and in smoke from very large fires, it is always present in thunderstorms, and thunderstorms can occur anywhere and at any time of year. Inrepparttar 105813 US they are most common in Florida and nearby states, and overall are most frequent from April to July. Lightning fatalities are most common in July, probably because more people are out of doors at that time of year.

  • Lightning is a very high voltage electrical discharge, with its source in a thunder cloud. Most lightning moves between clouds, or from cloud to air. The cloud to ground strikes are rarer, but arerepparttar 105814 ones to worry about.

  • Apart from floods, lightning causes more deaths than any other severe weather event, including tornadoes and hurricanes. Figures are not precise, but around 100 deaths occur in an average year, while injuries are at least ten times that number.

  • Lightning injuries are most common before and after repparttar 105815 storm has passed over - before and afterrepparttar 105816 rain, winds and hail have caused people to take shelter. Another reason is that lightning bolts can travel distances of over 10 miles (16km) fromrepparttar 105817 cloud before hittingrepparttar 105818 ground.These "bolts fromrepparttar 105819 blue" may arrive before any thunder fromrepparttar 105820 storm can be heard, and even beforerepparttar 105821 storm clouds have been noticed.

  • Deaths and injuries occur most commonly to outdoor workers, hikers, campers, and people involved in outdoor sport or picnics, including sporting teams. Quite often,repparttar 105822 victims have delayed finding shelter untilrepparttar 105823 last minute.

More information on lightning can be found at my website,

Deaths and Injuries

A lightning strike is a very short lived, high voltage electrical current, but has different effects to a home or industrial electric shock. Most lightning fatalities are instantaneous through failure ofrepparttar 105824 heart or breathing, or severe nervous damage.

Lightning deaths and injuries can occur in two ways - by a direct strike, or indirectly from being within about 50 yards ofrepparttar 105825 strike. A short-lived electric current can travel through damp soil, wet grass, water, and along fence wires, plumbing or underground cables. This explains deaths or injuries to people who are indoors but in contact with telephones, electrical appliances or plumbing fixtures.

Human Evolution Timeline: Revelations in Bible Quotes

Written by Ruy Miranda

The human evolution timeline is found recorded in Bible quotes (Book of Genesis). Adam's rib symbolizesrepparttar chromosome and isrepparttar 105811 key torepparttar 105812 man ape evolution. In discussing evolution vs creation, many convergences like this one are found. Someone who holds torepparttar 105813 theory of evolution and denies creationism might ask why such an important matter asrepparttar 105814 creation of human beings would be in a symbolic message rather than in explicit language. And, after all,repparttar 105815 Holy Scriptures don`t talk about chromosomes. That is a valid question, which shall be pursued below. First off,repparttar 105816 main interest is to seerepparttar 105817 points of confluence between evolution and creation regardingrepparttar 105818 appearance ofrepparttar 105819 human being.

Parallelism Between Adam's Rib and Science

There is an amazing coincidence betweenrepparttar 105820 numbers inrepparttar 105821 Book of Genesis involving creationism and numbers in science regarding man's evolution fromrepparttar 105822 ape. The parallelism begins onrepparttar 105823 Bible quotes according to which God took out one of Adam's ribs and maderepparttar 105824 woman, Eve, with it. "Andrepparttar 105825 Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed uprepparttar 105826 flesh in its place. Thenrepparttar 105827 rib whichrepparttar 105828 Lord God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her torepparttar 105829 man."

The number of ribs - Men have 24 ribs - 12 on each thoracic side. The same number is found in women. The text says that God removed one rib and not one pair of ribs. Had He indeed removed only one rib, man would have different numbers of this bone on each side of his chest. Not only that, but there would also remain a doubt aboutrepparttar 105830 number of ribs in a female.

These contradictions disappear ifrepparttar 105831 text is examined fromrepparttar 105832 standpoint of information conveyed by Jesus Christ to His disciples: "To God nothing is impossible". God may have removed one of Adam's ribs but He did it in such a way thatrepparttar 105833 woman and all her descendants would haverepparttar 105834 same number of ribs. However, it is assumed thatrepparttar 105835 rib's removal is symbolic language and explained it cannot be regarded as direct language.

A look at it now fromrepparttar 105836 standpoint of science. The chimpanzee, from which science now admits that man has evolved, has 24 chromosomes in its sexual cells, i. e., 24 chromosomes in each spermatozoon and 24 chromosomes in each ovulum. This is referred to gametes, those sex cells capable of reproducingrepparttar 105837 species. Therefore,repparttar 105838 number of ribs in a man and of chromosomes in a chimpanzee are identical. The other cells in a chimp, as in a human, are diployd, that is, they haverepparttar 105839 chromosomes in pairs - therefore, they have 48 chromosomes.

Confluence of Book of Genesis and Human Evolution Timeline

Were we to admit thatrepparttar 105840 rib symbolizesrepparttar 105841 chromosome,repparttar 105842 implicit and explicit Bible numbers say that God removed a chromosome from a chimpanzee and made a woman out of it. In other words,repparttar 105843 "man", a chimp, lost a chromosome and thus a woman was formed. Indeed,repparttar 105844 woman, just likerepparttar 105845 man, has one chromosome less than a chimp inrepparttar 105846 sex cells. The human spermatozoon has 23 chromosomes andrepparttar 105847 human ovulum also has 23 chromosomes. It makes sense. The other cells inrepparttar 105848 human being are diployd, i. e., they have 46 chromosomes. But it is needed to see what science says regardingrepparttar 105849 man ape evolution, that is, man's evolution fromrepparttar 105850 chimpanzee. Man's evolution fromrepparttar 105851 ape - It is admitted that, inrepparttar 105852 evolution ofrepparttar 105853 species, through some unknown phenomenon, two chimp chromosomes were fused and thus, primitive man, a hominid, came about. Some theories claim thatrepparttar 105854 female came first, which, if true, would give further consistency torepparttar 105855 symbolic version of Adam and Eve's story.

In a nutshell, this is whatrepparttar 105856 matter has: Number of ribs inrepparttar 105857 human being: 24 Number of chromosomes inrepparttar 105858 chimp's gametes: 24 Creation: removal of one rib. Evolution: fusion of two chromosomes. Rib symbolizes chromosome. Removal of one rib = fusion of two chromosomes. Number of chromosomes resulting inrepparttar 105859 gametes: 23 - New species: man, hominid.

Without wandering too far from these basic issues, it should be asked why there are so many differences between human and chimp, givenrepparttar 105860 "simple" fusion of two chromosomes. Furthermore, those in favor of creationism would argue that, sincerepparttar 105861 similarity between a chimp's DNA and that of a human being is above 98%, humans and chimpanzees ought to be more alike. These are pertinent questions which must be carefully examined.

Starting withrepparttar 105862 numbers:repparttar 105863 difference between human and chimp DNA is less than 2%. For three reasons, this percentage can be very meaningful:

the science is just barely beginning to understandrepparttar 105864 human genome, that is,repparttar 105865 DNA map, that of genes and each one's role. Onrepparttar 105866 other hand,repparttar 105867 researcher know also little aboutrepparttar 105868 chimp genome. Thus, it is perfectly acceptable that this percentage, though small, means much in terms of anatomical and physiological differences betweenrepparttar 105869 species;

the differences may be situated in fundamental parts ofrepparttar 105870 DNA, enough to causerepparttar 105871 differences betweenrepparttar 105872 species;

the amount of DNA inrepparttar 105873 cells is not always proportional to their complexity. Therefore,repparttar 105874 arrangement of DNA components in humans may be more important thanrepparttar 105875 quantity.

Thus,repparttar 105876 slightly less than 2% difference between chimps and humans may become more meaningful. The "simple" fusion of one species' two chromosomes may cause many differences inrepparttar 105877 resulting species.

Why isrepparttar 105878 Bible not explicit? - In other words, why, sincerepparttar 105879 issue was raised inrepparttar 105880 beginning of this article, doesrepparttar 105881 Biblical message not speak directly about chromosomes? At least two answers are possible.

The first has to do with Christian and Jewish dogma: this is a sacred text, dictated or inspired by God, and there is no questioning how God speaks. The second has to do withrepparttar 105882 Biblical writers: they would be human beings possessing a deep knowledge of evolution timeline and humans nature. They knew that it would not be possible to write what men would not understand at that time (existence of chromosomes, genes, DNA). They further knew that, in a patriarchal society such asrepparttar 105883 one they lived in, women should remain in a secondary role, inrepparttar 105884 written version, to makerepparttar 105885 acceptance of God's word easier.

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