by Patrick Jackson © Patrick Jackson - All Rights Reserved 2004 http://www.learningspanishlikecrazy.com ===================================
Spanish Grammar Lesson Reflexive Verbs and Reflexive Pronouns
This Spanish Grammar lesson covers Reflexive Verbs and Reflexive Pronouns. In Spanish, a verb is considered reflexive if subject (the performer of action) and object (the receiver of action) are same.
Here’s an example of a reflexive verb being used in English:
I wash myself.
In above sentence verb “wash” is considered reflexive because subject or one performing action (“I”) and object or one receiving action (“myself”) are same. On other hand, if I said “I wash baby,” verb “wash” is no longer reflexive because subject or one performing action (“I”) and object or one receiving action (“baby”) are not same.
Spanish reflexive verbs consist of a verb and a reflexive pronoun. The following are reflexive pronouns or objects of reflexive verbs.
me myself teyourself (tú form) seyourself (usted form) nosourselves sethemselves, yourselves
When there is just one verb in sentence, reflexive pronoun must come before reflexive verb.
Me baño. I wash myself
However, when there are two verbs in sentence, reflexive pronoun either comes right before first verb or follows second verb.
Quiero bañarme. I want to wash myself.
Me quiero bañar. I want to wash myself.
Here are some examples using reflexive verbs.
Me afeito I shave myself
Te duchas You take a shower
Se llama Juan He calls himself John
Nos dormimos We fall asleep
No nos sentamos We don’t sit down
Se enojan They get mad
Se levantan All of you get up
Te cepillas los dientes You brush your teeth.
Literally, “los dientes” means “the teeth” and not “your teeth.” Since we are using reflexive pronoun “te” it is obvious whose teeth we are talking about. Here some common reflexive verbs in Spanish.
acostarse to go to bed afeitarseto shave oneself bañarseto bathe oneself casarse (con alguien)to get married, to marry someone cepillarseto brush oneself despertarse (ie) to wake up desvestirse (i)to get undressed divertirse (ie)to enjoy oneself dormirse (ue)to fall asleep ducharseto take a shower enfermarse to get sick lavarseto wash oneself levantarseto get up llamarseto be named, to be called mirarseto look at oneself peinarseto comb (one’s hair) quitarse (la ropa)to takeoff (one’s clothes) secarseto dry one’s self sentarse (ie)to sit down sentirse (ie)to feel vestirse (i)to get dressed