Spanish Grammar Lessons with Reflexive Verbs

Written by Patrick Jackson


by Patrick Jackson © Patrick Jackson - All Rights Reserved 2004 ===================================

Spanish Grammar Lesson Reflexive Verbs and Reflexive Pronouns

This Spanish Grammar lesson covers Reflexive Verbs and Reflexive Pronouns. In Spanish, a verb is considered reflexive ifrepparttar subject (the performer ofrepparttar 109289 action) andrepparttar 109290 object (the receiver ofrepparttar 109291 action) arerepparttar 109292 same.

Here’s an example of a reflexive verb being used in English:

I wash myself.

Inrepparttar 109293 above sentencerepparttar 109294 verb “wash” is considered reflexive becauserepparttar 109295 subject orrepparttar 109296 one performingrepparttar 109297 action (“I”) andrepparttar 109298 object orrepparttar 109299 one receivingrepparttar 109300 action (“myself”) arerepparttar 109301 same. Onrepparttar 109302 other hand, if I said “I washrepparttar 109303 baby,”repparttar 109304 verb “wash” is no longer reflexive becauserepparttar 109305 subject orrepparttar 109306 one performingrepparttar 109307 action (“I”) andrepparttar 109308 object or repparttar 109309 one receivingrepparttar 109310 action (“baby”) are notrepparttar 109311 same.

Spanish reflexive verbs consist of a verb and a reflexive pronoun. The following are reflexive pronouns or objects of reflexive verbs.

me myself teyourself (tú form) seyourself (usted form) nosourselves sethemselves, yourselves

When there is just one verb inrepparttar 109312 sentence,repparttar 109313 reflexive pronoun must come before repparttar 109314 reflexive verb.

Me baño. I wash myself

However, when there are two verbs inrepparttar 109315 sentence,repparttar 109316 reflexive pronoun either comes right beforerepparttar 109317 first verb or followsrepparttar 109318 second verb.

Quiero bañarme. I want to wash myself.

Me quiero bañar. I want to wash myself.

Here are some examples using reflexive verbs.

Me afeito I shave myself

Te duchas You take a shower

Se llama Juan He calls himself John

Nos dormimos We fall asleep

No nos sentamos We don’t sit down

Se enojan They get mad

Se levantan All of you get up

Te cepillas los dientes You brush your teeth.

Literally, “los dientes” means “the teeth” and not “your teeth.” Since we are usingrepparttar 109319 reflexive pronoun “te” it is obvious whose teeth we are talking about. Here some common reflexive verbs in Spanish.

acostarse to go to bed afeitarseto shave oneself bañarseto bathe oneself casarse (con alguien)to get married, to marry someone cepillarseto brush oneself despertarse (ie) to wake up desvestirse (i)to get undressed divertirse (ie)to enjoy oneself dormirse (ue)to fall asleep ducharseto take a shower enfermarse to get sick lavarseto wash oneself levantarseto get up llamarseto be named, to be called mirarseto look at oneself peinarseto comb (one’s hair) quitarse (la ropa)to takeoff (one’s clothes) secarseto dry one’s self sentarse (ie)to sit down sentirse (ie)to feel vestirse (i)to get dressed

Spanish Grammar Lesson with the Progressive Verb Tense

Written by Patrick Jackson

=================================== Spanish Grammar Lesson The Present Progressive Tense by Patrick Jackson © Patrick Jackson - All Rights Reserved 2004 ===================================

Spanish Grammar Lesson The Present Progressive Tense

The progressive tense is used to describe actions that are in progress at a specific moment in time (the present). In English, it isrepparttar auxiliary verb “to be” andrepparttar 109288 present participle. In layperson terms,repparttar 109289 “present participle” means verbs with “ing” attached torepparttar 109290 end ofrepparttar 109291 verb.

The present tense is used much more frequently in English than it is used in Spanish. As in Spanish, we use it to talk about actions that are in progress “now” or “right now.” But in English, we also userepparttar 109292 present progressive tense to describe habitual actions or to speak in general. For example:

I am living inrepparttar 109293 suburbs. I am working inrepparttar 109294 post office. I am taking Spanish lessons.

In Spanish,repparttar 109295 present tense is used to emphasize that an action is taking place now. But many Spanish grammar books do not indicate that there is another use forrepparttar 109296 present progressive tense. And thatrepparttar 109297 present progressive tense can be used to stress that an action is continuous.

I learned this one from trial and error. As embarrassing as it is to admit, a five year old little girl corrected my Spanish grammar. That’s how I found out.

The first time it happened it happened with an adult. I was trying to tell an adult that I am learning Spanish. Sincerepparttar 109298 Spanish grammar books taught me thatrepparttar 109299 Spanish present progressive tense is only used to describe actions that are in progress “right now,” I did not userepparttar 109300 present progressive tense to say that “I am learning Spanish.” Because I was not learning Spanish at that specific moment. At that very moment, I was trying to talk to her in Spanish. So I said “Aprendo español.” She politely corrected me and said “se dice estoy aprendiendo español”.

Atrepparttar 109301 time, I thought that maybe she was wrong and that my textbook was right. So I tried telling my next door neighboor’s five year old that “Yo aprendo español” who proudly corrected my Spanish. She told me: you’re supposed to say ‘“yo estoy aprendiendo español.”

Formingrepparttar 109302 Present Progressive Tense

In Spanish, we formrepparttar 109303 present progressive tense by conjugatingrepparttar 109304 verb “estar” withrepparttar 109305 present participle. You form regular “ar” present participles by droppingrepparttar 109306 “ar” and adding “ando.” And you form regular “er” present participles by droppingrepparttar 109307 “er” and adding “iendo”

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