Setting Up a Home Network

Written by Micro 2000 Inc

Withrepparttar cost of PC's dropping andrepparttar 137290 number of home users increasing, it has become more and more reasonable to have a home network. Many families now have more than one PC to suitrepparttar 137291 growing needs ofrepparttar 137292 home user, but many feel setting up a network is too daunting or overwhelming to attempt.

Fret not. You, too, can set up your own network fairly easily and inexpensively. Wired or wireless, it's easier than ever to get connected.

New Life for an Old PC

Let's start by discussing how you can use that old PC you may have lying around. Perhaps you just purchasedrepparttar 137293 most state-of-the art PC withrepparttar 137294 fastest processor, tons of disk space, and enough memory to last you a lifetime. So now what do you do withrepparttar 137295 old one?

Sure, you can donate it, but reusing that old PC can add a lot of functionality to your computing experience. Besides, it feels good to keep hard to recycle items out of our landfills.

Getting Started

There are a few things you need to do in order to prepare that PC for its new use.

Remove Unneeded Programs. If you don't intend to run any applications from your "new server", remove every application you don't intend to use. Simply go torepparttar 137296 Control Panel, select Add/Remove Programs and delete everything you don't need.

Clean Up The Hard Drive. Get rid of temporary files, browser cache, and anything else you don't need that will free up disk space. PC World has a great article on how to Reclaim Hard-Drive Space.

Install a Network Card. Ifrepparttar 137297 machine doesn't have a network adapter, you will need to install one. You can get one at almost any computer accessory retailer for about $15. To installrepparttar 137298 card, you must take precautions. First, turnrepparttar 137299 PC off and unplugrepparttar 137300 machine. You will need to removerepparttar 137301 cover to find an empty PCI slot so avoid static damage by wearing an antistatic wrist strap while working inside your PC. Find a free PCI slot and removerepparttar 137302 cover. Carefully insertrepparttar 137303 network card and use a screw to fasten it down. When you start uprepparttar 137304 machine, Windows should detectrepparttar 137305 card. To installrepparttar 137306 drivers, followrepparttar 137307 directions that come with your network card.

Put It To Use

Now that you have your PC set up for networking, you can use it as a file server, print server or to share an Internet connection. No one likes to fight overrepparttar 137308 only computer with Internet access, or being kicked off so someone else can userepparttar 137309 printer. Not to mentionrepparttar 137310 hassle of running back and forth to transfer files. Userepparttar 137311 steps below to implement your own file server, print server, and shared Internet access.

File Server

To use that old PC as a simple file server, all you really need is hard drive space. If you have 20GB or more, that should be enough to use it for simple file sharing and backup. However, if you want to store a lot of files or share and store digital media, you may want to consider adding a second, larger capacity hard drive.

Enable File Sharing. Depending on your Operating System, right clickrepparttar 137312 icon Network Neighbourhood or My Network Places on your desktop, then choose Properties. Then, for Windows 2000 or XP, right clickrepparttar 137313 Local Area Connection, select Properties, and check File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks. For Windows 98 or ME, clickrepparttar 137314 File and Print Sharing button and select I want to be able to give others access to my files and click OK. Then restart your PC.

Share The Drive(s). Now you just need to enable sharing onrepparttar 137315 drive you want to share, so, double clickrepparttar 137316 My Computer icon on your desktop. Then, right clickrepparttar 137317 icon forrepparttar 137318 drive or folder you wish to share and select Sharing. Then just followrepparttar 137319 instructions on your screen to set up sharing. you can select to share full access, read-only access, or password protected access. Dorepparttar 137320 same thing for any other drive you wish to share.

Trouble-shooting Hard Drive Problems - Part 2

Written by Micro 2000 Inc

The following article isrepparttar second in a series that helps solve many ofrepparttar 137274 common boot problems with hard drives. (To readrepparttar 137275 first in article inrepparttar 137276 series click here).

The article explains how to reconstructrepparttar 137277 Volume Boot Record and will touch briefly on multiple-partition drives. This information will help solve some very common problems encountered in a computer service department. This article is designed to work with a system that has a single drive using a FAT 16 structure (all DOS and older Windows systems, some Windows NT), and no drive overlay.

A common problem with hard drives isrepparttar 137278 error message "MISSING OPERATING SYSTEM."

Typically what this means is that critical data is missing or damaged in two possible locations. The first isrepparttar 137279 Master Boot Record (MBR). This data area contains error messages and pointer information that specifiesrepparttar 137280 location ofrepparttar 137281 second critical data area,repparttar 137282 Volume Boot Record (VBR). The VBR containsrepparttar 137283 operating system specific data forrepparttar 137284 format of that particular partition onrepparttar 137285 drive. If either of these two critical data areas is damaged, by a virus, controller failure, etc., thenrepparttar 137286 drive will not be accessible throughrepparttar 137287 operating system.

The normal response to this error message is to boot to a floppy disk and to re-partitionrepparttar 137288 drive (probably using FDISK) and thereby totally removing any possibility for recovery ofrepparttar 137289 data on that drive, except by dedicated data recovery software or a data recovery facility. If applicable,repparttar 137290 following technique will help save time, money, and frustration.

The first step to data recovery (covered in great detail inrepparttar 137291 first article of this series) is to verifyrepparttar 137292 location ofrepparttar 137293 existing partition information. Forrepparttar 137294 purposes of this article, it will be assumed thatrepparttar 137295 FAT structure andrepparttar 137296 root directory are intact, there is only one partition, and that onlyrepparttar 137297 MBR andrepparttar 137298 VBR were damaged. Using Micro-Scope, enterrepparttar 137299 Fixed Disk Editor menu and selectrepparttar 137300 fixed disk that is being repaired. Usingrepparttar 137301 Find menu option, locate allrepparttar 137302 sectors that containrepparttar 137303 string "55 AA" (see Step Four ofrepparttar 137304 first article in this series), and then verify thatrepparttar 137305 FAT structures are intact (see Step Seven). Note on a scratch paperrepparttar 137306 values (in Cylinder, Head, Sector format) where this string appears. These values will be used later inrepparttar 137307 reconstruction process.

Rebuildingrepparttar 137308 MBR

Usingrepparttar 137309 Fixed Disk Editor in Micro-Scope, locate and read Cylinder 0, Head 0, Sector 1. This should berepparttar 137310 location ofrepparttar 137311 corrupt Master Boot Record. Press "M" to modifyrepparttar 137312 sector and enter 0's forrepparttar 137313 entire sector, effectively wiping allrepparttar 137314 data from this sector. Press ESC, then "W" to writerepparttar 137315 data, and "Y" to confirmrepparttar 137316 write operation. Then exitrepparttar 137317 Fixed Disk Editor and selectrepparttar 137318 Rebuild Master Boot Record menu option. Press "Y" to confirm this operation. The fixed drive now has a completely corruption-free MBR available for use duringrepparttar 137319 reconstruction ofrepparttar 137320 VBR.

Rebuildingrepparttar 137321 VBR

There is a simple method for rebuildingrepparttar 137322 VBR. Copyrepparttar 137323 data from a like fixed disk or a similar-sized fixed disk withrepparttar 137324 identical operating system (the versions must berepparttar 137325 same.) There are two approaches for obtaining this data. The first is to installrepparttar 137326 second drive inrepparttar 137327 system, reboot Micro-Scope, and copyrepparttar 137328 sectors directly fromrepparttar 137329 "healthy" drive torepparttar 137330 drive being reconstructed. The second method is to copyrepparttar 137331 sectors fromrepparttar 137332 "healthy" drive to a floppy diskette and transfer that diskette torepparttar 137333 machine containingrepparttar 137334 drive being reconstructed. The data can be copied to any sector onrepparttar 137335 floppy disk. Just note where this data is stored onrepparttar 137336 floppy disk so that it may be easily retrieved when copying it back torepparttar 137337 drive being reconstructed. In either case,repparttar 137338 VBR is located at Cylinder 0, Head 1, Sector 1 onrepparttar 137339 "healthy" drive. Copy this data torepparttar 137340 same location onrepparttar 137341 damaged drive. Exitrepparttar 137342 Fixed Disk Editor.

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