Restless Legs Syndrome - The Management of a Serious Sleep Disorder

Written by Donald Saunders

Restless legs syndrome, or RLS, is seen as both a neuromuscular disorder and a sleep disorder. Less frequently diagnosed than sleep disorders like narcolepsy, sleep apnea and insomnia, restless legs syndrome is nonetheless a significant and serious sleep problem.

Characterized by a tingling, crawling or prickling sensation inrepparttar legs and feet, restless legs syndrome sufferers experience an overwhelming desire to move their legs in order to find relief. Many sufferers also find thatrepparttar 146594 symptoms seem to worsen inrepparttar 146595 late afternoon and evening, especially when sitting or lying down.

Restless legs syndrome can also include instances of periodic limb movement (PLM), a condition characterized byrepparttar 146596 sudden, involuntary movement or twitching ofrepparttar 146597 legs and feet – often torepparttar 146598 extent that it disrupts sleep. It isrepparttar 146599 overwhelming desire to moverepparttar 146600 legs andrepparttar 146601 frequent presences of periodic limb movement that, in large part, earn restless legs syndrome its classification as a sleep disorder.

Chronic instances of restless legs syndrome make it virtually impossible forrepparttar 146602 sufferer to get to sleep, let alone stay asleep, thereby generating a related case of severe insomnia. If left untreated,repparttar 146603 condition, andrepparttar 146604 resulting insomnia, can lead to severe physical and psychological health problems. In fact, restless legs syndrome is often associated with depression and irritability, as well as occupational, social and marital problems.

As with most common sleep disorders, diagnosing restless legs syndrome can take time and a proper diagnosis requiresrepparttar 146605 attention of an experienced medical professional. Because some ofrepparttar 146606 symptoms can be associated with other neuromuscular and sleep disorders, it is also important to undergo specialized sleep tests before a diagnosis is confirmed. These tests can include neurological evaluations, reflex tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as somnography (sleep pattern analysis).

Sleep Apnea - An Extremely Common and Dangerous Sleep Disorder

Written by Donald Saunders

Sleep apnea refers to a sleep disorder characterized byrepparttar interruption of breathing during sleep, such that respiration stops for ten or more seconds, cutting off valuable oxygen supplies torepparttar 146593 brain. This interruption ofrepparttar 146594 body’s breathing cycle can recur hundreds of times each night, with potentially fatal results. Even more alarming, sleep apnea,repparttar 146595 most dangerous of all sleep disorders, also represents one ofrepparttar 146596 most commonly identified sleep disorders, affecting as many as eighteen million Americans each year.

This condition can be divided into two primary categories. “Central sleep apnea”, caused by a neurological malfunction in whichrepparttar 146597 brain somehow disruptsrepparttar 146598 normal signal to breathe and “Obstructive sleep apnea”, characterized byrepparttar 146599 excessive relaxation orrepparttar 146600 collapse of muscles aroundrepparttar 146601 windpipe, which in turn causes windpipe obstruction. Both forms involverepparttar 146602 frequent cessation of breathing andrepparttar 146603 temporary suspension ofrepparttar 146604 oxygen supply torepparttar 146605 brain, putting sleep apnea sufferers at a significantly greater risk of high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.

Diagnosing sleep apnea can be difficult. Snoring, one ofrepparttar 146606 most common symptoms associated with sleep apnea (resulting in many people referring to this as “the snoring disease”), often leads to an erroneous diagnosis ofrepparttar 146607 condition. In fact, snoring can be associated with a variety of other sleep disorders and conditions unrelated to sleep apnea.

Whenrepparttar 146608 brain senses a lack of oxygen, as a result of an obstructed windpipe, it reacts by wakingrepparttar 146609 suffer sufficiently to start breathing again, often causing snoring or sometimes coughing. As a result, sleep apnea suffers enjoy a very poor quality of sleep and wake up feeling even more tired than before they went to bed.

Feelings of exhaustion, fatigue and an overwhelming desire to sleep duringrepparttar 146610 day, known as excessive daytime sleepiness, characterize sleep apnea; especially if seen in conjunction with other symptoms such as morning headaches, noticeable lethargy, loss of interest in sex, forgetfulness and difficulty concentrating.

The ongoing exhaustion and physical fatigue brought on by undiagnosed or untreated sleep apnea can also lead torepparttar 146611 onset of serious psychological symptoms such as depression, irritability and changes in mood and behavior.

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