Written by John Rocco

REPAIRING PUTTY WINDOW GLASSHave you ever thought about fixing a broken window in your house, but didn't think you could do it because nobody ever taught you how to cut glass? Well, you really don't have to know how to cut glass in order to repair your window. If you knew how to removerepparttar frame, you could order a replacement piece of glass from your local glass shop already cut torepparttar 100064 proper size. Then, it's just a matter of installingrepparttar 100065 new glass intorepparttar 100066 frame. But, there are so many different kinds of window out there, there is no way i could explain them all in one article. So, this is going to berepparttar 100067 first in a series of articles describingrepparttar 100068 repair procedure for each type of window.

There are really two categories of windows out there. They are single pane windows and dual pane windows. Then, within those two categories, there are several types of windows in each category. Let's start withrepparttar 100069 single pane window category. This would be older windows that were around beforerepparttar 100070 building industry became more energy conscious. It just means that there is a single piece of glass inrepparttar 100071 frame that surrounds it. A lot of homeowners mistakenly think a horizontal sliding window must be a double pane window, since there is a pane of glass inrepparttar 100072 sliding panel and another pane inrepparttar 100073 stationary panel. The terminology refers torepparttar 100074 number of panes inrepparttar 100075 sliding or fixed panel alone. In other words, a single pane horizontal sliding window has a single pane of glass inrepparttar 100076 sliding panel, and a single pane inrepparttar 100077 fixed panel. A double pane slider would actually have two pieces of glass in bothrepparttar 100078 sliding panel and fixed panel. The pieces in each panel are separated by approximately 3/8" of air, and have a metal spacer aroundrepparttar 100079 edge ofrepparttar 100080 glass.

So, let's get back torepparttar 100081 single pane repairs. One ofrepparttar 100082 more common types of single pane windows arerepparttar 100083 type that uses putty to holdrepparttar 100084 glass inrepparttar 100085 frame. All old wood windows are done this way. Old metal casement windows are usually done this way as well. The casement window isrepparttar 100086 kind withrepparttar 100087 handle onrepparttar 100088 inside bottom corner that you crank, andrepparttar 100089 window opens outward on a top and bottom pivot. Let's focus this article onrepparttar 100090 putty style replacements.

Before you begin, pick a local glass shop in your area where you will go to pick uprepparttar 100091 new glass. Make sure they are going to be openrepparttar 100092 day you dorepparttar 100093 work, and confirm with them that if you call in an order for a pane of glass inrepparttar 100094 morning, you can pick it up in an hour or two. You dont want to removerepparttar 100095 glass fromrepparttar 100096 window frame, then find outrepparttar 100097 glass shop won't have your glass cut until next week. If they can't guarantee a two hour turnaround, keep looking.

The fastest and easiest way to removerepparttar 100098 old glass is to break it out. Put an old sheet or a tarp onrepparttar 100099 ground belowrepparttar 100100 window. Then, put on some gloves. Use gloves with a material that will prevent a piece of glass from cutting your hands. A pair of gardening gloves should work fine. Get yourself a pair of safety glasses as well. Trust me, you don't want to get hit inrepparttar 100101 eye with a piece of flying glass. As my Father always used to tell me, "Better safe than sorry". Now, go inside with a hammer in hand and knockrepparttar 100102 glass out ofrepparttar 100103 center part ofrepparttar 100104 window. It's best to leave some glass sticking out aroundrepparttar 100105 edge. You can grabrepparttar 100106 protruding glass and use it as leverage to poprepparttar 100107 old putty loose. The more old putty that you can get to come out along withrepparttar 100108 glass,repparttar 100109 less scraping you will have to do. I have done some wood window replacements whererepparttar 100110 putty was dried and cracked, and it practically fell out on it's own. Onrepparttar 100111 flip side, i have done some whererepparttar 100112 putty had almost become a part ofrepparttar 100113 wood. The only way to separaterepparttar 100114 putty fromrepparttar 100115 frame in those instances is to use a putty knife to scrape it down torepparttar 100116 wood. While removingrepparttar 100117 putty, you will find little pieces of metal that are used to holdrepparttar 100118 glass in place while applyingrepparttar 100119 putty. The wood windows use push points, and you can get a package of new ones atrepparttar 100120 hardware store. If you're working withrepparttar 100121 metal casement window,repparttar 100122 metal clips are called sash clips. You might have a harder time finding these. Frankly, i don't see any problem reusing them.

DESIGNING YOUR LOG HOME: Tips to keep you out of trouble  

Written by Mercedes Hayes

Nearly every log home is a custom design, whether you are altering a stock plan or starting from scratch. By their very nature, custom floor plans open up a large number of untested challenges - especially if you are trying to designrepparttar house yourself. With almost all log home manufacturers, an in-house architect will take your design and turn it into a set of drawings that conform to their building system. Your home will be structurally sound. However, don't necessary expect them to point out every inconvenience or snafu in your design. This is a hands-on business, and inrepparttar 100063 end, your house design is on you... and you'll have to live with it. Here are a few pointers I can suggest to make your design more efficient.  

MECHANICALS: Open floor plans arerepparttar 100064 essence ofrepparttar 100065 modern log home. They make a home feel larger, and keeprepparttar 100066 cook from feeling isolated. However, if you're planning a second floor you need to consider how you are going to getrepparttar 100067 plumbing,repparttar 100068 electric andrepparttar 100069 ductwork (both supply and return) torepparttar 100070 upstairs rooms. You won't be usingrepparttar 100071 exterior walls for that, so you need to create enough interior walls onrepparttar 100072 main floor to fit allrepparttar 100073 mechanicals. Even if you use radiant-floor heating, you'll need ductwork forrepparttar 100074 air conditioning. There are some systems that use high-pressure ductwork much smaller in diameter than conventional ducts, so there are other possibilities if you are pressed for space. Butrepparttar 100075 best solution is to think ahead. Each object in all likelihood will take its own space betweenrepparttar 100076 2x4s. If you're tempted to use an interior full-log wall (or none at all), you may be sacrificing an opportunity to get more ductwork upstairs.  

PLUMBING: The wisest floor plans arerepparttar 100077 ones that try to keeprepparttar 100078 bathrooms together (either back-to-back or one directly aboverepparttar 100079 other) andrepparttar 100080 shortest runs onrepparttar 100081 plumbing. This can't always be done, but when placingrepparttar 100082 upstairs bathroom, try to line it up with an interior downstairs wall. This wayrepparttar 100083 plumbing doesn't have to snake all overrepparttar 100084 place.

CLOSETS:  I would venture to guess that log homes are usually notoriously short on closet space. I know my home is. First of all, it would be a terrible waste to put a closet against an exterior log wall. Why hide your beautiful logs? And because we try to keeprepparttar 100085 square footage down to a minimum, it almost seems a crime to waste precious space on closets. However, there's more than one reason to include them. Not only do we seem to collect more stuff as we get older, but by law in several statesrepparttar 100086 closet determines whether a room is a bedroom or an office. This could affectrepparttar 100087 resale (or refinancing) of your house. Here is a suggestion: put two closets side-by-side onrepparttar 100088 wall separating two rooms;repparttar 100089 closets may not be huge, but it doesn't changerepparttar 100090 shape ofrepparttar 100091 rooms. Try to include a coat closet near your front door. 

WINDOWS: As I'm sure you've already read many times, you can't have too many windows in a log home. The wood sucks uprepparttar 100092 light like a sponge. If you have a large empty wall,repparttar 100093 insertion of a window nearrepparttar 100094 peak not only lets in more light, it adds character. Some people add windows along either side of a shed dormer. Placement can be critical; in my case, I had to moverepparttar 100095 roof line to increaserepparttar 100096 size of my bedroom window, because by code it needed to be 6' square for egress (In any upstairs bedroom you'll need your windows to be large enough to climb out in case of fire.). Also remember that too many direct-set windows will decreaserepparttar 100097 amount of air flow to your upstairs. In my house I added an awning (a small hinged window) torepparttar 100098 bottom of stationery windows in my dormers. This helped let air in, but even sorepparttar 100099 rooms can be stuffy. A ceiling fan helps, but ultimately I may need to add a skylight to create a draft.

KITCHEN VENT: One ofrepparttar 100100 more difficult decisions we made concerned how to ventrepparttar 100101 range hood. If you don't want your stove to be on an exterior wall, you are going to have an interesting puzzle. Will you runrepparttar 100102 exhaust duct betweenrepparttar 100103 floor joists torepparttar 100104 exterior? Willrepparttar 100105 run be so long you'll have to add another fan? I gave in and moved my stove torepparttar 100106 exterior wall, but then we had to cut a hole inrepparttar 100107 logs forrepparttar 100108 vent. Horrors! How do you hide that? My builder built a little cedar box aroundrepparttar 100109 hole and we were lucky enough to have a porch roof underneath, so you can't see it from every direction. Still, this ugly vent is onrepparttar 100110 front ofrepparttar 100111 house, and had I thought of it, I may have movedrepparttar 100112 kitchen torepparttar 100113 back ofrepparttar 100114 house.

CRAWL SPACE vs. BASEMENT: There are many reasons to opt for a crawl space rather than a basement - none of them particularly comfortable. Aside fromrepparttar 100115 obvious disadvantages of a crawl space, there are a few things we didn't think of. I, in my blissful ignorance, didn't give any thought torepparttar 100116 ugly electrical panel. Of course, I knew we'd have meters and a panel, but I didn't think of where they were going. What I didn't know was that by code, we couldn't putrepparttar 100117 panel inrepparttar 100118 crawl space. Since we don't have a garage,repparttar 100119 electrical panel was installed in one of our rooms onrepparttar 100120 log wall. Isn't that lovely? Another disadvantage ofrepparttar 100121 crawl space: you'll need a short water heater if that's where it is going, and you may need to purchase a horizontal-mount furnace. Because our water quality was poor, we had to install a purification system. This 54" unit must be mounted upright, and our crawl space is 48" tall. We had to punch a hole throughrepparttar 100122 concrete floor to make room forrepparttar 100123 unit.

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