Precious Stones -The Big Five

Written by Sam Serio

The emerald is probablyrepparttar most rare of all precious stones and is considered by some to be even more valuable thanrepparttar 145818 diamond. Compared with other precious stonesrepparttar 145819 emerald in its occurrence in nature is unique, for it is found inrepparttar 145820 rock in which it was formed. Unlike diamonds, sapphires and rubies, it never occurs in gem gravels. The earliest known locality where emeralds were found was in Upper Egypt nearrepparttar 145821 coast ofrepparttar 145822 Red Sea. The best stones, however, are found in Columbia, South America. Fine specimens have also been found inrepparttar 145823 United States in North Carolina.

Whilerepparttar 145824 usual shade of color seen in emeralds is alluded to as emerald green, there are other shades, such as grass green, sea green and green slightly tinged with yellow. The shades most highly valued are those of an intense fresh green sometimes compared with that seen in a meadow in spring.

Beryl is a mineral known to gem lovers under several different names,repparttar 145825 most valued of which isrepparttar 145826 Emerald. The mineral beryl composingrepparttar 145827 various gems is practicallyrepparttar 145828 same in composition, hardness, and other properties, andrepparttar 145829 gems may be differentiated only by their color. In composition beryl is a silicate of aluminum and glucinum. Onrepparttar 145830 scale of hardness beryl is graded 7 ½ to 8, and is thus much softer thanrepparttar 145831 diamond, ruby, or sapphire. It is owing to this fact thatrepparttar 145832 emerald scratches easily and that care must be taken that when worn it is not subject to chafing by diamonds or other harder gems.

Beryl as a mineral is of quite common occurrence, andrepparttar 145833 crystals ofrepparttar 145834 mineral in its cruder form often grow to enormous size. There is one such single crystal preserved inrepparttar 145835 Boston Museum of Natural History, which is three and one half feet long and three feet wide and weighs several tons.

Beryl in this common form occurs in many localities, butrepparttar 145836 mineral in its rarer form of emerald is comparatively of very rare occurrence. The emerald or green beryl, as it should be scientifically known, has long beenrepparttar 145837 most highly prized ofrepparttar 145838 green gems. In brilliancy it exceeds all other green gems excepting onlyrepparttar 145839 very rare green sapphire. The most valuable specimens exhibit a vivid grass-green shade, and it is to this color that they owe their great value. Other considerations, such as freedom from imperfections, are quite secondary in determiningrepparttar 145840 value ofrepparttar 145841 stone. In fact a perfect emerald is almost never found, and this circumstance has passed into an Eastern simile which runs, “As scarce as a perfect emerald,” this being a symbol forrepparttar 145842 acme of rarity. The emerald is light in weight and an emerald of a given size will be about a third larger than a diamond and forty-five per cent larger than a sapphire of equal weight. The distinctive color ofrepparttar 145843 emerald is probably due to a trace of chromium in its composition.

Gemstones, Color and Mystical Symbolism

Written by Sam Serio

The universe of colored gemstones is endlessly fascinating, for centuries, nearly every culture has heldrepparttar belief that colored stones possess magical powers orrepparttar 145817 ability to endowrepparttar 145818 wearer with certain attributes. Due torepparttar 145819 magical powers associated with colored gems, they were used extensively as amulets and talismans, portals torepparttar 145820 future; and as important components to many spiritual practices.

Yellow stones when worn by a woman were a sign of generosity. Worn by a man, a yellow stone signaled secrecy (as with a secret lover).

A violet stone worn by a woman indicated lofty thoughts and love of a spiritual nature. For a man, sober judgment, steadfastness, and ambition.

Black stones revealed foolishness and capriciousness in young women, while in married women it showed fidelity, constant love and perseverance. A man wearing a black stone exhibited gravity, common sense, constancy, and inner strength.

Red stones when worn by a women indicated pride, haughtiness, and obstinacy. On a man nobility, command, leadership and vengeance.

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