Planting Or Transplanting A Tree

Written by Paul Curran

In planting or transplanting a tree, and in building on a lot where you wish to preserverepparttar trees,repparttar 113370 gardener's chief consideration must be to protectrepparttar 113371 root structure ofrepparttar 113372 tree. The big roots nearrepparttar 113373 stem anchorrepparttar 113374 tree torepparttar 113375 ground, while repparttar 113376 fine root hairs atrepparttar 113377 ends ofrepparttar 113378 rootlets absorbrepparttar 113379 water fromrepparttar 113380 soil.

In planting trees, their mature height and spread must be considered before a selection is made. Tempting as arerepparttar 113381 nursery catalogs, it is necessary to choose carefully, especially onrepparttar 113382 average lot, because crowding spoilsrepparttar 113383 growth and appearance of trees, particularly specimen trees.

In general, it is wisest and most economical to plant young trees. Planting a mature tree is difficult and, if done professionally, costly. If, however, a mature tree is badly needed for a terrace or for screening, it may well justifyrepparttar 113384 expense. What you are buying isrepparttar 113385 time it takes a smaller tree to mature.

Today you can plant trees when in full leaf withrepparttar 113386 aid of new wilt-proof sprays that sealrepparttar 113387 leaves against moisture loss untilrepparttar 113388 roots are established. This, however, costs money and entails greater risks than buying your tree and planting it in early spring(repparttar 113389 best time) or late fall or winter.

If you are planting a tree over 6 feet tall, it will suffer less setback if moved with a bur-lapped root ball. The soil preparation described inrepparttar 113390 previous chapter is helpful for most tree and shrub planting. But sincerepparttar 113391 root system must have fertile soil when it is planted, special steps must be taken.

Dig a hole 2 feet deep and at least 1 foot wider each way than repparttar 113392 full spread ofrepparttar 113393 roots. The bottom ofrepparttar 113394 hole should be broken up with a pitchfork and thoroughly mixed with peat, leaf mold, loam, etc. Manure should be used sparingly and only onrepparttar 113395 top ofrepparttar 113396 hole as it burnsrepparttar 113397 roots.

The deeper you can cultivate your hole,repparttar 113398 better for your tree. Once it is planted, you can cultivate around it but not underrepparttar 113399 roots. If you strike a subsoil of building rubble or clay, which you are very apt to find anywhere near a house and in which a tree cannot grow, this subsoil must be removed and good soil, or better still, garden humus, substituted for it.

If you are planting a seedling that is not balled and burlapped, you will want to protect it by "heeling in" a vacant flower bed where it may be kept before planting as long as dormant. This means laying it on its side and coveringrepparttar 113400 roots with good soil. When you take it fromrepparttar 113401 soil, give it a mud bath or "puddle" it.

How to Prune Apple Trees

Written by Paul Curran

In this article you will find out how to prune apple trees. (One of several articles fromrepparttar author on how to prune fruit trees). Pruning apple trees can be done several ways. This operation often causes concern, and considerable variation in ideas exists onrepparttar 113369 subject, generally. Concerning bush trees inrepparttar 113370 small garden,repparttar 113371 following points should be borne in mind. First, one may ask, "what happens if no pruning is done at all"?

The answer is that too much growth may be made,repparttar 113372 branches will be too congested and, although fruit will be borne, it may be smaller than it should be. Then,repparttar 113373 stage may be reached when growth will slow down, and too many fruit buds will be formed in relation torepparttar 113374 new growth. In short, one has to aim at a balance between wood (shoot) growth and fruit bud formation.

If very hard pruning is done afterrepparttar 113375 early years more wood growth than is needed may be produced and fruiting will be delayed. One method of how to prune apple trees to avoid, isrepparttar 113376 cutting off of allrepparttar 113377 new growth atrepparttar 113378 same level each year, i.e. beheading a tree at a given height. This only encourages more wood growth, and givesrepparttar 113379 tree little chance to make fruit spurs and fruit buds.

How to prune apple trees - Pruning of a young tree

To start withrepparttar 113380 pruning of a young tree, after planting, this may have 3 or 4 main branches. The 1-year-old wood (the newest growth) should be cut back half way, to an outward-facing bud. Strong shoots may be cut back less hard, and weaker branches rather harder. Next autumn, or winter,repparttar 113381 new growth that arises from this cutting back is treated similarly. Keep onlyrepparttar 113382 best two or three shoots that arise fromrepparttar 113383 original branches (leaders) and cut out any shoots that crossrepparttar 113384 centre ofrepparttar 113385 bush,repparttar 113386 aim being to encourage an outward framework of branches, i.e. cup shaped.

The main shoots should be treated similarly forrepparttar 113387 following years. Meanwhile,repparttar 113388 main branches will be furnished with side shoots (laterals) and all these that grow out fromrepparttar 113389 tree (outward that is) can be left their full length. Those growing inwards should be cut back each winter to two buds fromrepparttar 113390 base.

In connection with how to prune apple trees, inrepparttar 113391 early years, repparttar 113392 question of whether fruit formed inrepparttar 113393 first season after planting should be left or removed, is often raised. Ifrepparttar 113394 tree is making good growth. I suggest that a few fruits be retained. To leave many may cause a check in growth.

How to prune apple trees - Regulated System

A logical stage forward from no pruning isrepparttar 113395 method known as repparttar 113396 Regulated System. This can be followed with standard trees, half standards and strong-growing bush trees, i.e. those on vigorous root stocks. Briefly, with established trees this entails onlyrepparttar 113397 removal of crowded or crossing branches, thinning out unwanted shoots, and taking out any dead wood. With this method on how to prune apple trees, sizeable branches have sometimes to be removed, and a pruning saw, with a curved blade is best used for this purpose. The cut surfaces of sawn off branches should be painted over with white lead paint to prevent entry of disease spores.

How to prune apple trees - Spur Pruning

For established bush trees onrepparttar 113398 less-vigorous root stocks,repparttar 113399 harder method of pruning, called Spur Pruning, is sometimes followed. This, however, is best modified to give a method called repparttar 113400 Established Spur System. This is designed to encourage a system of fruiting spurs, close torepparttar 113401 main branch-work, and is useful for weaker growing varieties in particular. New lateral growth fromrepparttar 113402 branch frame work is pruned back to two or three buds fromrepparttar 113403 branch. New growth will arise from these buds, which will in turn be pruned similarlyrepparttar 113404 following year.

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