Photography 101 Part 2

Written by Kelly Paal


Photography 101 Part 2 Basic Composition

Now that you are beginning to understand how your camera works you can begin to understand basic composition. I know that many people that Iíve talked to think that photography is just pointing your camera and taking a photo but itís more than that. After you understand how your equipment works you can begin to get intorepparttar real art of photography and that art is called composition. Basic principles: 1. Use all of your available space. Fillrepparttar 116207 image withrepparttar 116208 image. Ifrepparttar 116209 reason that your takingrepparttar 116210 photo is your daughterís beautiful face then get closer. If youíre taking an image ofrepparttar 116211 breathtaking valley before you. Fillrepparttar 116212 frame withrepparttar 116213 valley. Keep distractions out ofrepparttar 116214 frame. Theyíre called distractions for a reason. 2. Look atrepparttar 116215 forms in your image. You almost have to look atrepparttar 116216 people orrepparttar 116217 landscape before you in their simplistic geographic forms. A good way to learn form is to practice taking photos of still life objects, that you can arrange into pleasing forms. A good photo is always a beautiful arrangement of form. Whether itísrepparttar 116218 beauty of a womanís face, her features being forms, or a wonderful landscape, trees, rocks, and hills being forms. 3. Line or direction, motion. The direction ofrepparttar 116219 forms in your photos is very important. Never have action or motion moving outside of your image. It will directrepparttar 116220 eye away from your image. Diagonal motion lines are good, curves and ďsĒ curves are better. The last two is probably way landscape photography is so popular nature is full of curves. Also never put a horizon line inrepparttar 116221 center of your frame. 4. Contrast,repparttar 116222 difference between black and white. Now it is possible to have a beautiful photo with little contrast if that is your intention, this works best with color. But a lot of shots, some really beautiful shots have a nice balance of black, white, and grays. This can be manipulated for artistic purpose of course, but inrepparttar 116223 beginning you want to focus on trying to take shots with equal amounts of black, white, and shades of gray. (Shoot a roll of B&W film to really learn this principle.) 5. Color, you may have to familiarize yourself withrepparttar 116224 color wheel. (See my article Graphic Design Using Color for more information itís for graphic design butrepparttar 116225 first couple of paragraphs talk about basic color theory) Whether youíre shooting nature or setting up your own shots in a studio you need to know what colors go together and why. Many of us have an instinct as to what looks good. When in doubt follow your instincts. Start out by taking shots of things that you think have pretty or beautiful colors. Showrepparttar 116226 photos to others and see if they agree. Photographers learn not only what they think is beautiful but what is universally beautiful as well.

Photography 101 Part 1

Written by Kelly Paal


Photography 101 Part One Equipment: camera, meter, flash, tripod

This article is a simplified photography course directed at new photographers out there who want to know where to start.

If you really want to learn photographyrepparttar first thing you need is a good affordable and reliable camera. It must, and I repeat must, be able to shoot in fully manual and fully auto focus modes. (This leaves out any digital cameras onrepparttar 116206 market right now, sorry.) To really learn photography you must understandrepparttar 116207 equipment. Youíll need to learn how manipulatingrepparttar 116208 shutter speed, aperture, and focus will have a dramatic effect on your photos. Meters, if you have a camera that can work in a fully manual mode it should have an internal meter suitable for what you will be doing. Tripod, youíre going to need one whether itís portrait work or landscapes youíll need one eventually. Luckily you donít have to spend a lot here. Just something lightweight and durable. Flash, you can buy a separate camera mounted flash, which is great if you can afford it. Consider what kind of photography that you will be doing though. If youíre going to do mostly nature and landscape, you may only needrepparttar 116209 fill flash that comes with most cameras today. If you plan on doing portraiture alone you will want to consider a camera mounted flash that has an adjustable angle. Film, film speed to be exact. Slower speeds (25 to 400) are intended for portraiture and landscape photography. Faster speeds (600 and above) are intended for actions shots and photojournalism. So first you need to know what you going out to photograph and make sure that you haverepparttar 116210 appropriate film forrepparttar 116211 job. Now that you haverepparttar 116212 camera loaded with film consider shutter speed. Do you want to blur motion, or freeze it? If there is no motion at all what shutter speed do you need to exposerepparttar 116213 scene with natural light. From 1/60th and down torepparttar 116214 bulb setting will blur most motion. For example if you want to blurrepparttar 116215 water in a waterfall, a setting of 1/30th should work. (Youíll need a tripod though.) 1/125th is a normal setting for most shots. On many camerasrepparttar 116216 125th setting is marked in a different color to make it obvious. If you want to freeze action youíll need to start with 1/500th and work up from there. The fasterrepparttar 116217 motionrepparttar 116218 fasterrepparttar 116219 shutter speed needed to stop motion. Many cameras go up to 1/2000th of a second. If youíre trying to use natural light alone in a scene you will want to determinerepparttar 116220 aperture first and then see what shutter speed you need to properly exposerepparttar 116221 scene for available light. (Keep in mind sometimes there isnít enough light.) Aperture, these arerepparttar 116222 set of numbers on your lens closest torepparttar 116223 body ofrepparttar 116224 camera. They can go from 1.8 to 22, and they are referred to as F-stops. These numbers determine how much light reachesrepparttar 116225 film inside of your camera. Most internal meters will blink onrepparttar 116226 appropriate aperture forrepparttar 116227 shutter speed that youíve set, orrepparttar 116228 speed youíve set will blink if your F-stop is correct forrepparttar 116229 speed. Bothrepparttar 116230 F-stop and shutter speed can be changed to exposerepparttar 116231 scene correctly. Consider thatrepparttar 116232 fasterrepparttar 116233 shutter speedrepparttar 116234 more light will be needed to exposerepparttar 116235 scene correctly. This makes logical sense if you think about it. Ifrepparttar 116236 shutter isnít open as long, fast shutter speed, then there is less light able to make it torepparttar 116237 film and sorepparttar 116238 scene must be brighter to expose correctly. To learn, bracket your shots. Takerepparttar 116239 first shot atrepparttar 116240 aperture suggested by your meter, move one stop up, take a photo, one down, take another photo.

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