Photography 101 Part 1

Written by Kelly Paal

Photography 101 Part One Equipment: camera, meter, flash, tripod

This article is a simplified photography course directed at new photographers out there who want to know where to start.

If you really want to learn photographyrepparttar first thing you need is a good affordable and reliable camera. It must, and I repeat must, be able to shoot in fully manual and fully auto focus modes. (This leaves out any digital cameras onrepparttar 116206 market right now, sorry.) To really learn photography you must understandrepparttar 116207 equipment. Youíll need to learn how manipulatingrepparttar 116208 shutter speed, aperture, and focus will have a dramatic effect on your photos. Meters, if you have a camera that can work in a fully manual mode it should have an internal meter suitable for what you will be doing. Tripod, youíre going to need one whether itís portrait work or landscapes youíll need one eventually. Luckily you donít have to spend a lot here. Just something lightweight and durable. Flash, you can buy a separate camera mounted flash, which is great if you can afford it. Consider what kind of photography that you will be doing though. If youíre going to do mostly nature and landscape, you may only needrepparttar 116209 fill flash that comes with most cameras today. If you plan on doing portraiture alone you will want to consider a camera mounted flash that has an adjustable angle. Film, film speed to be exact. Slower speeds (25 to 400) are intended for portraiture and landscape photography. Faster speeds (600 and above) are intended for actions shots and photojournalism. So first you need to know what you going out to photograph and make sure that you haverepparttar 116210 appropriate film forrepparttar 116211 job. Now that you haverepparttar 116212 camera loaded with film consider shutter speed. Do you want to blur motion, or freeze it? If there is no motion at all what shutter speed do you need to exposerepparttar 116213 scene with natural light. From 1/60th and down torepparttar 116214 bulb setting will blur most motion. For example if you want to blurrepparttar 116215 water in a waterfall, a setting of 1/30th should work. (Youíll need a tripod though.) 1/125th is a normal setting for most shots. On many camerasrepparttar 116216 125th setting is marked in a different color to make it obvious. If you want to freeze action youíll need to start with 1/500th and work up from there. The fasterrepparttar 116217 motionrepparttar 116218 fasterrepparttar 116219 shutter speed needed to stop motion. Many cameras go up to 1/2000th of a second. If youíre trying to use natural light alone in a scene you will want to determinerepparttar 116220 aperture first and then see what shutter speed you need to properly exposerepparttar 116221 scene for available light. (Keep in mind sometimes there isnít enough light.) Aperture, these arerepparttar 116222 set of numbers on your lens closest torepparttar 116223 body ofrepparttar 116224 camera. They can go from 1.8 to 22, and they are referred to as F-stops. These numbers determine how much light reachesrepparttar 116225 film inside of your camera. Most internal meters will blink onrepparttar 116226 appropriate aperture forrepparttar 116227 shutter speed that youíve set, orrepparttar 116228 speed youíve set will blink if your F-stop is correct forrepparttar 116229 speed. Bothrepparttar 116230 F-stop and shutter speed can be changed to exposerepparttar 116231 scene correctly. Consider thatrepparttar 116232 fasterrepparttar 116233 shutter speedrepparttar 116234 more light will be needed to exposerepparttar 116235 scene correctly. This makes logical sense if you think about it. Ifrepparttar 116236 shutter isnít open as long, fast shutter speed, then there is less light able to make it torepparttar 116237 film and sorepparttar 116238 scene must be brighter to expose correctly. To learn, bracket your shots. Takerepparttar 116239 first shot atrepparttar 116240 aperture suggested by your meter, move one stop up, take a photo, one down, take another photo.

Photography 101 Part 3

Written by Kelly Paal

Photography 101 Part 3 Content

Even if you feel that you already know what kind of photography you like to do, itís always a good idea to try your talent at different aspects of photography. Pictorial, this is a general term but it applies to any photographer whoís goal is simply to create beautiful photos. This breaks down into smaller subsets butrepparttar most popular form is landscape and nature photography. This is what I do and itís tempting to go on and on but I will just say that this form of photography, to me, is a real art. At least that is goal to create art in photographic form. It isrepparttar 116205 goal ofrepparttar 116206 photographer to use their abilities to capture an image in itís moment of beauty and simplicity. Portrait, this can be people and even animals. It also includes wedding photography as well. This is an aspect of photography that can be a lot harder than it seems. Not only do you have to know your basic photo composition but you need to understand what makes each person look their best. You must know how to bring out their personality and character inrepparttar 116207 shot. If you love working with people this may be your field. Itís fun and challenging. Photojournalism, now this isnít just press photography, though that is one aspect of it. It is also documentary photography as well,repparttar 116208 latter doesnít always need an event to occur right in front of you. Either wayrepparttar 116209 purpose is to tell a story. Really good photojournalism shouldnít needrepparttar 116210 text below it to tell you what is going on. It should be compelling and storytelling. Composition still plays a part, you canít tell a story ifrepparttar 116211 story canít be seen. And while these photos can be beautiful in their technical aspects they arenít necessarily beautiful images. The story telling is as important.

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