Phases of Instructional Design/Technical WritingWritten by Lisa Spurlin
The development of a project is typically done in four different phases. In project analysis phase, a market research is conducted to determine courses that need to be developed and information that they should cover. In design phase, development team collects relevant content from different sources, organizes course content, and decides on strategies to be used to cover content. The actual course development occurs in project development phase. Finally, in project evaluation phase, effectiveness of project output is evaluated by collecting feedback from students and other organizations.
* Project Analysis * Design * Development * Evaluation
The project analysis phase is first phase in development life cycle (DLC) of an ID project. The first task in this phase is to perform a market research to determine requirements of potential students. This research is usually conducted by marketing staff of a company. Based on findings of this research, market requirements analysts provide course development unit of company with specifications regarding courses that need to be developed. These specifications, which are in form of an MRD (Market Research Document), include title of each course, a set of broadly defined objectives for each course, and target audience for each course.
Once a course is selected for development, it is handed over to project development team to mark beginning of design phase. In design phase, instructional designers use specifications in MRD to collect relevant content from different sources and organize course content in a proper structure. The development team members also refine objectives suggested in MRD according to course development standards defined by company. Additionally, development team decides instructional strategies to be used while covering specific content in course.
Since incorporating design changes at final stages of course involves a lot of rework, identifying and rectifying design problems, earlier in DLC, is critical for successful and timely execution of a project. To ensure this, development team should be provided sufficient time in project design phase. Additionally, project design should be reviewed regularly during course development.
Writing Made Them Rich #3: Richard BachWritten by Michael Southon
One day in mid-1970's a young man stumbled into a diner somewhere in United Sates.
Slung over his shoulder was a kit-bag that contained everything he owned. He was unshaven and needed a shower badly. He had very little money, but enough for a phone call.
He rang his bank and asked how much was in his account. A woman's voice informed him - to his amazement - that balance in his account was four million, three hundred thousand dollars.
His name was Richard Bach. Six months before, he had submitted a short story, barely 10,000 words long, to a New York publisher.
For last three months he had been living life of a nomadic 'barnstormer', taking people on joy rides for $5 a flight and sleeping in fields under wing of his bi-plane.
Hardly able to believe what he had just heard, he rang New York publisher to whom he had sent manuscript.
"Where on earth are you?" asked a woman's voice. "We've been looking for you for three months! Radio and TV want interviews with you, a publisher in Spain wants to buy Spanish rights to your book..."