No Computer Sound

Written by Stephen Bucaro

---------------------------------------------------------- Permission is granted forrepparttar below article to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made andrepparttar 107839 byline, copyright, andrepparttar 107840 resource box below is included. ---------------------------------------------------------- No Computer Sound

By Stephen Bucaro

Today's computer equipped with a sound card is capable of generating sound from many different sound and music format files. Formats include WAV, MIDI, MP3, and many more.

Conversion of these sound format files to actual audio relies on several layers of software and hardware. The most basic sound format file compatible withrepparttar 107841 Windows operating system isrepparttar 107842 WAV file format. Before troubleshooting any ofrepparttar 107843 more complex formats, make sure that your system is capable of playing WAV files.

The Windows operating system has a built-in program called Sound Recorder to record and play WAV files. To open Sound Recorder, select Start | Programs | Accessories | Entertainment and click on Sound Recorder. Inrepparttar 107844 Sound Recorder program, select File | Open. Inrepparttar 107845 Open dialog box, navigate to C:WindowsMedia and select one ofrepparttar 107846 WAV files to play. Clickrepparttar 107847 Open button and thenrepparttar 107848 Play button (right arrow).

If you hearrepparttar 107849 WAV file play, then your basic sound configuration is working properly. If you did not hear repparttar 107850 WAV file play, continue reading (troubleshooting problems withrepparttar 107851 more complex sound file formats will be covered in future article).

The first thing you should do is eliminaterepparttar 107852 obvious possibilities. Many speakers have a volume control on one ofrepparttar 107853 speakers. Many times I have thought thatrepparttar 107854 sound was not working in one of my programs, only to find that someone turnedrepparttar 107855 volume control allrepparttar 107856 way down.

You can test your speakers by plugging them intorepparttar 107857 headphone jack on your CD-ROM drive and playing a music CD. This bypassesrepparttar 107858 sound card.

Checkrepparttar 107859 Windows Volume Control by right-clicking onrepparttar 107860 speaker icon inrepparttar 107861 Task Bar and Selecting "Open Volume Contols" inrepparttar 107862 popup menu that appears.

Openrepparttar 107863 Multimedia utility in Control Panel (Start | Settings | Control Panel) and selectrepparttar 107864 Audio tab. Make sure that your soundcard's Playback device is selected inrepparttar 107865 Playback section.

If that looks correct, openrepparttar 107866 System utility in Control Panel and selectrepparttar 107867 Device Manager tab. In Device Manager, openrepparttar 107868 "Sound video and game controllers" branch. Click onrepparttar 107869 name of your sound card to select it, then click onrepparttar 107870 Properties button. Inrepparttar 107871 Sound Card Properties dialog box, selectrepparttar 107872 General tab and verify that "Disable in this hardware profile" is not checked. Selectrepparttar 107873 Driver tab and make sure that a driver is selected. Click onrepparttar 107874 Resources tab and make sure there is no conflicts.

Get Familiar With MSDOS.SYS

Written by Stephen Bucaro

---------------------------------------------------------- Permission is granted forrepparttar below article to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made andrepparttar 107838 byline, copyright, andrepparttar 107839 resource box below is included. ---------------------------------------------------------- Get Familiar With MSDOS.SYS

By Stephen Bucaro

Msdos.sys was one ofrepparttar 107840 three files (along with io.sys and that DOS 6 and earlier versions was composed of. It was a binary file that created a disk buffer and file control block for service routines, and performed hardware initialization. Beginning with Windows 95, msdos.sys was combined into io.sys andrepparttar 107841 new msdos.sys became a text editable configuration file.

Msdos.sys is a hidden system file located inrepparttar 107842 root of your boot drive. To view hidden files, in Explorer's "View" menu select "Folder Options". Inrepparttar 107843 "Folder Options" dialog box click onrepparttar 107844 "View" tab and under "Hidden Files" check "Show all files". You may want to make a backup copy of msdos.sys named msdos.sys.bak before you make any changes torepparttar 107845 file.

There are three sections to msdos.sys. The [Paths] section tells Windows where to findrepparttar 107846 necessary startup files. The WinDir= entry containsrepparttar 107847 path torepparttar 107848 folder containingrepparttar 107849 operating system. The WinBootDir= entry containsrepparttar 107850 path torepparttar 107851 boot folder. The WinBootDrv= entry containsrepparttar 107852 letter ofrepparttar 107853 boot drive. You shouldn't make any changes to this section.

The [Options] section is used to configure startup settings. The last section ofrepparttar 107854 file is filler to make surerepparttar 107855 file is at least 1,024 characters long. Before you can editrepparttar 107856 msdos.sys file you need to right-click onrepparttar 107857 file name and inrepparttar 107858 "Properties" dialog box that appears, uncheckrepparttar 107859 Read-only attributes check box.

The [Options] section can contain up to 16 entries. The default msdos.sys usually contains only five entries. You can edit these settings in Notepad for purposes of debugging or just to make it start faster. Below is a list of some useful entries.

AutoScan - Controls whether Windows runs ScanDisk after an improper shutdown. If you have a large hard disk, ScanDisk can take a long time. You may want to prevent it from running automatically. Setting AutoScan=0 prevents ScanDisk from running automatically.

BootGUI - Controls whether your system starts in Windows mode or DOS 7 mode. Setting BootGUI=0 causes it to start in DOS mode. (Note: Windows Me does not support booting in DOS mode, so this will have no effect.)

BootKeys - Controls whether Windows will recognize keys pressed during startup. You might want to press F8 or Ctrl during startup to displayrepparttar 107860 Startup Menu. However, if you want to keep unauthorized people from bypassing your logon, you should set BootKeys=0 to ignore keys presses during startup.

Cont'd on page 2 ==> © 2005
Terms of Use