Maritime Admiralty Law: A Short History

Written by Anna Henningsgaard

Maritime law is a legal body that regulates ships and shipping. As sea-borne transportation is one ofrepparttar most ancient channels of commerce, rules for maritime and trade disputes developed very early in recorded history. Modern admiralty law, often called simply admiralty or maritime law, has its origins inrepparttar 149577 classical Rhodian law. No primary written specimen ofrepparttar 149578 Rhodian law has survived, but it is alluded to in Roman and Byzantine legal codes as well asrepparttar 149579 customs ofrepparttar 149580 Hanseatic League,repparttar 149581 dominant trading power ofrepparttar 149582 Middle Ages and Early Modern eras.

While travelingrepparttar 149583 eastern Mediterranean onrepparttar 149584 Crusades with her first husband, King Louis VII of France, Eleanor of Aquitaine discovered a complicated and advanced system of admiralty law. She brought back this admiralty law and administered it upon her people onrepparttar 149585 island of Oleron. Later, while acting as regent for her son King Richardrepparttar 149586 Lionheart in England she foundedrepparttar 149587 British system of admiralty law. In England, special admiralty courts handle all admiralty cases. The courts do not userepparttar 149588 common law of England.

In this same way, admiralty or maritime law is distinct from standard land-based laws even today. Even within another country’s claimed waters, admiralty law states that a ship’s flag dictatesrepparttar 149589 law. This means that a Canadian ship in American waters would be subject to Canadian law and crimes committed on board that ship would stand trial in Canada. Inrepparttar 149590 United Statesrepparttar 149591 Supreme Court isrepparttar 149592 highest court of appeals for admiralty cases, though they rarely progress beyondrepparttar 149593 state level. United States, admiralty law is of limited jurisdiction, so it is up torepparttar 149594 judges to assign verdicts based on a combination of admiralty and specific state law.

Lariam Side Effects Attorney

Written by Anna Henningsgaard

Mefloquine is an anti-malarial drug marketed underrepparttar name Lariam. Doctors are still unsure exactly how Mefloquine protects a patient from malaria, but it is generally theorized that it preventsrepparttar 149576 malaria parasite from breaking down a substance inrepparttar 149577 blood called haemin by makingrepparttar 149578 haemin toxic torepparttar 149579 parasite. However it works, it isrepparttar 149580 most effective anti-malarial drug onrepparttar 149581 market, especially in areas whererepparttar 149582 malaria parasite has grown resistant to more conventional malaria drugs. At first it was believed that mefloquine (Lariam) had a low incidence of side effects, but it turns out that only a fraction ofrepparttar 149583 problems with mefloquine had been made public. As more travelers come out to tell horror stories of Lariam experiences, controversy rises aboutrepparttar 149584 pros and cons of taking mefloquine.

Malaria is a serious, sometimes deadly, parasitic infection that is transmitted through mosquito bites in many tropical regions ofrepparttar 149585 world. Mefloquine, or Lariam, isrepparttar 149586 most often prescribed preventative forrepparttar 149587 disease. It is very effective at preventingrepparttar 149588 disease and is usually safe to take, butrepparttar 149589 adverse reactions that do occur are debilitating and possibly fatal. Forty-six people in Britain have already filed suits againstrepparttar 149590 drug’s manufacturer, Hoffmann-La Roche. Another 150 are inrepparttar 149591 process of doing so and more than 500 more have contacted lawyers leading to action. In America,repparttar 149592 first Lariam lawsuit was filed by a 25 year-old Californian man who claims to have suffered crippling Lariam side effects for nearly 3 years.

The Yellow Card scheme, a system through which doctors abroad file concerns withrepparttar 149593 Committee on Safety of Medicines, reported 1505 adverse reactions to mefloquine between 1990 and 1998. Five of these cases resulted in death. This seems like a very small number until one considersrepparttar 149594 results of a 1996 survey finding that only 10.15% of suspected adverse mefloquine reactions are reported. The true incidence of negative side effects could be much higher.

So what are these side effects? Serious side effects to mefloquine include dizziness, depression, psychosis, epileptic seizures, fits, suicide, and Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS). SJS is a rare but often fatal skin disease. A 7 year-old girl died of Stevens Johnson Syndrome just this year after taking Lariam for a family vacation. According to its own internal documents, Roche pharmaceuticals has received over 3,000 reports of psychiatric problems associated with Lariam, from nightmares, depression, hallucinations, to paranoia, psychosis, and aggression. Lariam was also a suspected part ofrepparttar 149595 Fort Bragg murders in 1992, when four army officers on leave from Afghanistan (where they were prescribed Lariam) killed their wives on an army base in South Carolina. Two ofrepparttar 149596 officers then killed themselves.

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