Linux Display Settings

Written by Stephen Bucaro

---------------------------------------------------------- Permission is granted forrepparttar below article to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made andrepparttar 107818 byline, copyright, andrepparttar 107819 resource box below is included. ---------------------------------------------------------- Linux Display Settings

By Stephen Bucaro

After you install Linux you usually find your display in a low resolution mode. If you were installing Windows, you would then installrepparttar 107820 driver for your video card and userepparttar 107821 Display utility in Control Panel to change to a higher resolution. Unfortunately, with Linux things are not so easy.

Linux uses a free version ofrepparttar 107822 X Window System called Xfree86 to control your display. Xfree86 supports VGA, Super VGA, and some accelerated video adapters. If you have a new video card, or new motherboard with on-board video, you may want to downloadrepparttar 107823 latest version of Xfree86 from

The configuration for Xfree86 is in a file named XF86Config located in /usr/X11R6/lib/X11. This file is created and edited by a program called Xconfigurator.

In Windows,repparttar 107824 monitor is viewed as a "dumb box" driven by a video card which is controlled by a video driver program. Xconfigurator seems to think that video cards don't exist and it requires you enter all kinds of obtuse information about your monitor such as horizontal sync range, vertical sync range,repparttar 107825 amount of video memory, and which clock chip you have.

If you have a no-name monitor like I do, you may not know all of these parameters. You may get stuck inrepparttar 107826 display configuration step of Linux installation. This is one reason why I say "Linux is not ready for prime time".

This is how it should work: Linux detects your video card and configures itself.

On rare occasion, Xconfigurator does detect your "monitor", or you can select your monitor in Xconfigurator's list. In most cases you can get throughrepparttar 107827 installation by selecting "Generic VGA, 640 x 480 @ 60 Hz". Then after completingrepparttar 107828 installation, you can use Xconfigurator to try to set a higher resolution.

The Linux File System

Written by Stephen Bucaro

----------------------------------------------------------- Permission is granted forrepparttar below article to forward, reprint, distribute, use for ezine, newsletter, website, offer as free bonus or part of a product for sale as long as no changes are made andrepparttar 107817 byline, copyright, andrepparttar 107818 resource box below is included. ----------------------------------------------------------- The Linux File System

By Stephen Bucaro

Linux uses a whole different file system philosophy than Windows. Windows automatically assigns a drive letter to every partition and drive it finds. But Linux makes every partition and drive a subdirectory ofrepparttar 107819 root (/) partition. If you are a Windows user, you may get confused when you try to use Linux.

No matter how many partitions, hard drives, or floppy drives your computer has,repparttar 107820 Linux File Manager displays everything in a single directory tree underrepparttar 107821 root directory indicated by a slash (/). Every partition or drive is "mounted" ontorepparttar 107822 directory tree, and appears in File Manager as a subdirectory.

Linux needs at least three partitions to work,repparttar 107823 root partition,repparttar 107824 /boot partition, andrepparttar 107825 swap partition. The root partition is mounted at startup. The root directory itself doesn't contain any files, just subdirectories. The /boot partition contains files used to bootrepparttar 107826 system. The swap partition is used as "virtual memory".

Whenrepparttar 107827 operating system needs more memory than there is available inrepparttar 107828 system's RAM, it can use disk space to emulate memory. Asrepparttar 107829 system operates, data is swapped back and forth between RAM andrepparttar 107830 swap partition. The swap partition doesn't have a mount point because it's a system file and is never accessed directly byrepparttar 107831 user.

Note: Linux,repparttar 107832 Internet, andrepparttar 107833 rest ofrepparttar 107834 computing world use forward slashes to form directory paths. Only Windows uses back-slashes to form directory paths. The back-slash also represents an ASCII escape character, resulting in all kinds of bugs in Windows programs.

In Windows you just insert a floppy disk intorepparttar 107835 drive and it's accessible. With Linux, before you can access devices such as a CD ROM or a floppy drive, you have to "mount"repparttar 107836 drive. For example, to mountrepparttar 107837 floppy drive, insertrepparttar 107838 disk intorepparttar 107839 drive and then select Main Menu | Programs | System | Disk Manager. The "User Mount Tool" utility will appear. Inrepparttar 107840 "User Mount Tool" click onrepparttar 107841 "Mount" button torepparttar 107842 right of /dev/fd0.

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