Installing Lighting Safely In The Bathroom

Written by David Smith

IP Ratings

IP rating stands for 'Ingress Protection'

An IP number is used to classifyrepparttar environmental protection of enclosures around electronic equipment.

The first digit relates to foreign bodies such as tools, hands, fingers and dust.

The second digit related to liquids.

First Digit - Foreign Bodies

0 - No protection 1 - Protected against solid objects greater than 50mm2. (eg hands) 2 - Protected against solid objects up to 12mm2. (eg fingers) 3 - Protected against solid objects greater than 2.5mm2. (eg tools and wires) 4 - Protected against solid objects up to 1mm2. (eg small tools and wires) 5 - Protected against dust, limited ingress (eg no harmful deposit). 6 - Totally protected against dust.

Second Digit - Liquids

0 - No protection

1 - Protection against vertically falling drops of water (example, condensation. 2 - Protection against direct sprays of water up to 15 degrees from vertical. 3 - Protection against direct sprays of water up to 60 degrees from vertical. 4 - Protection against water sprayed from all directions - limited ingress permitted. 5 - Protected against low pressure jets of water from all directions - limited ingress permitted. 6 - Protected against low pressure jets of water, limited ingress permitted (eg ship deck). 7 - Protected againstrepparttar 144703 effect of immersion between 15cm and 1m. 8 - Protected against long periods of immersion under pressure. (eg. swimming pools)

Example IP Ratings

An IP rating of IP44 is protected against solid objects greater than 1mm and water sprayed from all directions

An IP rating of IP68 is totally protected against dust and can be immersed under water at high pressure for long periods

The higherrepparttar 144704 IP Ratingrepparttar 144705 more protection offered for your home lighting.

Havingrepparttar 144706 right level of protection is especially important in Bathroom Lighting

The bathroom is a functional room, andrepparttar 144707 lighting priority should be given to grooming atrepparttar 144708 mirror. Lighting atrepparttar 144709 mirror serves for cleaning, make up, shaving and dressing, bathroom lighting should be plentiful and evenly distributed without shadows, and free from glare. Lighting inrepparttar 144710 centre ofrepparttar 144711 ceiling, placesrepparttar 144712 face in shadow and while useful for general lighting, will not serve well for tasks based here. Lighting at both sides ofrepparttar 144713 mirror works best providing even light acrossrepparttar 144714 face and avoids shadow underrepparttar 144715 chin. Fluorescent lighting is ideal for tasks and provides high levels of illumination with less heat and lower operating cost than normal GLS fittings. GLS or halogen, offer greater decorative possibilities and if well spaced and diffused, can be used very effectively. Bathroom lighting, including fluorescent lights @ SelectLighting UK.

Planning Permission Tips UK - Loft Conversions in UK Properties - Do They Add Value?

Written by Martin Meaks

We get a great many requests to viewrepparttar potential of Loft conversions. This type of extension has remained fairly popular since I first started designing property & is perhaps even more in demand now than ever before - especially in dense urban areas whererepparttar 144702 alternative choices for that fourth bedroom are somewhat limited.

Now,repparttar 144703 popular press would have you believe that they do not add value or have limited appeal. However, that blanket broad brush, slightly disrespectful opinion does not ring true for most of our clients. So what is going on? As always,repparttar 144704 devil is inrepparttar 144705 detail -repparttar 144706 detail in this respect is mainly focussed on two primary areas:

1. DESIGN and 2. DESIGN.

It's just likerepparttar 144707 location, location location slogan for house values & desirability. Fortunately,repparttar 144708 planners have got to grips with a lot of loft conversions these days & they now have a great more control of schemes that a few years ago could have been built under Permitted Development. This means that they have encompassed 'good design guides' in an attempt to stamp outrepparttar 144709 ugly full width box dormer that turned a beautiful victorian semi into a something that looks like a car sized packing crate trying to escape from a neighbours roof.

Conversely, many people have argued thatrepparttar 144710 'chocolate box' cottage type pointy roofed dormers (as suggested byrepparttar 144711 planners) are quite simply impractical & do not provide enough space for a fully functional room which in many cases is a very valid & true point. HOWEVER, life is all about compromises & choices have to be made. Fortunately, most members ofrepparttar 144712 public are now becoming far more 'design aware' than they ever used to be & slowly by slowly they are beginning to accept thatrepparttar 144713 formation of more space must not be atrepparttar 144714 expense of a poor external visual impact that simply jars withrepparttar 144715 whole look ofrepparttar 144716 locality. This type of poor dormer design can not only decreaserepparttar 144717 value of your own home but that ofrepparttar 144718 neighbours as well.

But yet again there are exceptions. Some suburbs of London for example have a plethora of these types of loft extensions &repparttar 144719 ones that have not yet been converted look out of place. These types of areas pay more attention torepparttar 144720 internal design ofrepparttar 144721 living space thanrepparttar 144722 grotty externals - goes withrepparttar 144723 environment I suppose. Also, some areas are 70's & 80's built estates whererepparttar 144724 whole so called 'architect design' was for this style of flat roofed box dormer which is a commonly accepted fact forrepparttar 144725 area & enjoyed by many.

So, back to my original question - Does a loft conversion or extension add value? In my opinion YES in practically all cases baring a few exceptions. Should it be my first choice of residential development if my site has surrounding ground that allows alternative solutions? Well no in my opinion unless your property is a bungalow. A loft conversion forrepparttar 144726 standard 2 storey dwelling house (detached, semi or terrace) should perhaps be onrepparttar 144727 'last option' list rather than your first choice - more to do with peoples perceptions rather than anything scientific I could quote.

When we assess a loft conversions viability we run through a sort of assessment check list before we advise our clients & we always steer them towards nice looking, well balanced, recessed type of pitched roof dormers atrepparttar 144728 sacrifice of some space rather thanrepparttar 144729 'ugly duckling' alternative. However, like all services, many clients do not valuerepparttar 144730 external look as much & they insist onrepparttar 144731 largest dormer possible especially if it can be constructed underrepparttar 144732 sites Permitted Development allowances (no planning permission necessary) - Do we still takerepparttar 144733 job? - yes of course we do its our living but our sign board never goes up duringrepparttar 144734 construction works.

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