INDIA - PCT National Phase Entry

Written by P.M.George Kutty

PCT isrepparttar acronym of Patent Cooperation Treaty. It is a sister Treaty ofrepparttar 144750 Paris Convention administered byrepparttar 144751 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The PCT facilitates filing of patent applications under a single umbrella and provides for simplified procedure forrepparttar 144752 search and examination of such applications. There are now over 125 signatory countries to PCT. From December 7, 1998, India is a member ofrepparttar 144753 Paris Convention. The PCT system is a very popular method of filing patent applications throughoutrepparttar 144754 world. Filing a PCT Application

The PCT applications may be filed either in an approved Receiving Office or directly atrepparttar 144755 International Bureau atrepparttar 144756 WIPO in Geneva. The PCT applications usually claim priority from an ordinary patent application, but they may also be filed direct. On filing a PCT application, applicants must designaterepparttar 144757 countries in which they wish to retainrepparttar 144758 option to file a patent application. There is a fee per country designated up torepparttar 144759 first 5 and after that any number of further countries may be designated without fee. It is also possible to designate multi-country regional offices such asrepparttar 144760 ARIPO or EP (European Patent Organisation).

International Phase and National Phase PCT has two phases, an international phase when they are international applications inrepparttar 144761 International Bureau, and a national phase when they are converted to national patent applications inrepparttar 144762 designated countries of interest. Duringrepparttar 144763 international phase,repparttar 144764 designated International Searching Authority (a Patent Office authorised by WIPO) conducts a patent search and an International Search Report is provided within around six months of filing to assistrepparttar 144765 applicant in deciding whether or not to proceed with patent protection. The International Bureau also publishesrepparttar 144766 patent specification. Chapters I and II ofrepparttar 144767 PCT The PCT is divided into two Chapters, Chapter I and Chapter II. Chapter I requires that within either 20 or 30 months ofrepparttar 144768 earliest priority date, (depending on whether or notrepparttar 144769 country concerned has adoptedrepparttar 144770 most recent amendments torepparttar 144771 PCT Treaty),repparttar 144772 applicant must enterrepparttar 144773 national phase, that is, file patent applications in any one or more ofrepparttar 144774 countries initially designated Chapter II allows 30 months fromrepparttar 144775 earliest priority date for enteringrepparttar 144776 national phase and also requires a designated International Preliminary Examining Authority (authorised by WIPO to conduct international examinations) to conduct a non-binding substantive examination ofrepparttar 144777 patent specification to determine whether it meetsrepparttar 144778 requirements for patentability. Please note that, certain designated Offices have fixed time limits expiring even later than 30 months, or 20 months, asrepparttar 144779 case may be. For regular updates on these applicable time limits, refer torepparttar 144780 PCT Gazette; a cumulative table is also available at WIPO's Internet site ( ).

The Intricacies of Personal Injury Cases

Written by Mart Gil Abareta

The laws on personal injury are truly comprehensive and complicated. Many lawyers might be focusing on personal injury cases but you have to findrepparttar one who really specializes onrepparttar 144749 claim that is similar to yours. Compared to any other fields of employment, there are also specializations inrepparttar 144750 legal genre. It is therefore important for you to identify firstrepparttar 144751 type of personal injury that you have experienced and suffered before gettingrepparttar 144752 services of a personal injury lawyer.

When you’ve been a victim of personal injury at work or inrepparttar 144753 street, you can be entitled to large amounts of compensation. For you to be able to win your personal injury case and getrepparttar 144754 compensation that you deserve, you’ll certainly needrepparttar 144755 assistance of reputable personal injury lawyers. However, choosing one is definitely critical and you’ll surely wonder if how you can best eliminate allrepparttar 144756 confusion and ambiguity in hiring an attorney. When we speak of personal injury claims, settlements can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars.

Legal matching services can help you locaterepparttar 144757 right personal injury lawyer for your personal injury case. With it, you don’t have to worry much aboutrepparttar 144758 legal process and just expect for good things to come your way through these competent lawyers. You will always want to getrepparttar 144759 highest possible claims so you need a competent legal counsel for this. Take note thatrepparttar 144760 payment of these claims depends not only onrepparttar 144761 facts ofrepparttar 144762 lawsuit butrepparttar 144763 lawyer’s capacity as well.

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