How to protect stone floors from staining

Written by Edward Green

We are working almost daily with stain removal from natural stone surfaces. In fact I would say that in some instances we visitrepparttar same house more than 3 times in as many months.

Stains in stone are something that should be left torepparttar 100433 professional. Sure, there are many quick fix websites offering advice but let me tell you, if you don't get it right first time it may be thatrepparttar 100434 tile will need replacement and finding a match is nearly impossible.

Nowadays, Stone Seals and sealants are in abundance, but which one is right for you?

Firstly - Never letrepparttar 100435 builder, renovator or floor installer applyrepparttar 100436 seal. The seal is an arduous task that needs careful consideration and correct application. I probably remove over 10,000 sq mtrs of poorly applied Lithofin stain stop a year whererepparttar 100437 application has basically wiped it ontorepparttar 100438 floor leaving it porous and not sealed at all. Sorepparttar 100439 householder has not only paid forrepparttar 100440 Lithofin seal but for us to remove it and providerepparttar 100441 correct sealer forrepparttar 100442 stone.

"The Correct Sealer" I hear you cry. Yes, I am afraid to say that they are many types of sealer for many different stone types and what tasksrepparttar 100443 stone needs to do. Firstly there are water based and solvent based sealers. Other questions to consider are;

Doesrepparttar 100444 stone get heavy traffic? How often isrepparttar 100445 stone cleaned? what type of beverages doesrepparttar 100446 household use? Any Allergies withinrepparttar 100447 residents? Type of finish preferred (matt), (Shine) etc?

DO we use water based?

DO we use Solvent Based?

Framing--the Backbone of your Log Cabin

Written by Jack Hudson

Framing--the Backbone of your Log Cabin

Framing isrepparttar structural skeleton of your house. The drawing atrepparttar 100430 top indicatesrepparttar 100431 important framing members of any ofrepparttar 100432 cottages. The most important elements arerepparttar 100433 sill, header, joists, girders, sole, flooring, studs, plate, and rafters. Let's take a look at these parts.

Except inrepparttar 100434 case of concrete slab construction,repparttar 100435 sill isrepparttar 100436 first wood member to rest onrepparttar 100437 foundations and will berepparttar 100438 first wood member you will put down. The sill is usually a 2-by-4-inch piece. In pier construction you will note that I have occasionally used a 2-by-6-inch member. This is becauserepparttar 100439 header is made up of two pieces 2 inches thick, instead of one, as shown inrepparttar 100440 illustration.

Sills form a bearing surface forrepparttar 100441 undersides of joists. They should be bolted torepparttar 100442 slab or wall foundations. If you are using pier foundations, it is important that you first put downrepparttar 100443 sill aroundrepparttar 100444 building, then spikerepparttar 100445 inner header torepparttar 100446 sill fromrepparttar 100447 underside. After this is done, lay outrepparttar 100448 joists and securely spikerepparttar 100449 inner header to them.

Atrepparttar 100450 corners, stagger these two parts. Then spikerepparttar 100451 outer header torepparttar 100452 inner one, overlapping atrepparttar 100453 staggered corner edge. What you have done is to build a girder with a resting place forrepparttar 100454 joists.

Headers, except as noted above, are usually 2 inches thick andrepparttar 100455 same width asrepparttar 100456 joists. They run aroundrepparttar 100457 outside perimeter ofrepparttar 100458 building and help keeprepparttar 100459 joists in a vertical position. They also help to transmitrepparttar 100460 roof and wall loads torepparttar 100461 foundation.

The notched joist arrangement is used when no sill is provided. The blocking provides a bearing spot forrepparttar 100462 joists. If you use pier foundations, be sure to followrepparttar 100463 sectional drawings for each cottage, because this header may actually be a girder aroundrepparttar 100464 outside ofrepparttar 100465 building.

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