How to Prune Plum Trees

Written by Paul Curran

In this article you will find out how to prune plum trees. One of several articles on how to prune fruit trees. Pruning plum trees is straightforward, oncerepparttar trees are established, and consists mainly of thinning out overcrowded wood. Some rather more detailed pruning is, however, necessary inrepparttar 113364 early years, in order to build up a suitable framework.

How to prune plum trees - Maiden tree

If a maiden tree is planted, that is, a tree within one year of budding or grafting, pruning may be carried out inrepparttar 113365 Spring, after deciding on tree form. Generally plums will be grown as half-standards having a main stem about 4 ft. in length, before repparttar 113366 branch system.

An open centre is aimed at,repparttar 113367 main branch system formingrepparttar 113368 outside, with young wood filling inrepparttar 113369 interior. This method of formingrepparttar 113370 half standard tree can also be used for Apples and Pears.

Assuming a maiden tree has been purchased, this would be planted inrepparttar 113371 Autumn and, later on, whenrepparttar 113372 tree has settled down, and you are wondering how to prune plum trees, it should be pruned to a bud, 9 to 12 inches aboverepparttar 113373 height ofrepparttar 113374 lowest branch desired.

Inrepparttar 113375 following season shoots will grow from buds belowrepparttar 113376 top, andrepparttar 113377 most suitable are left, ensuring that they are well spaced and at a wide angle torepparttar 113378 stem. Other shoots are removed, leaving about 5 or so which will formrepparttar 113379 main branch system.

The top bud will grow strongly; this can be offset by making a nick below it with a knife, forcing more growth intorepparttar 113380 lower buds. Wide angled branches can be encouraged by making small notches inrepparttar 113381 bark above selected buds;repparttar 113382 topmost shoot can be removed later. Any growth arising belowrepparttar 113383 position ofrepparttar 113384 lowest branch should merely be shortened forrepparttar 113385 first year or two before removing, as they assist in thickeningrepparttar 113386 stem.

The selected branches are subsequently pruned to a suitable outward pointing bud, duringrepparttar 113387 first year or two, one third to one half ofrepparttar 113388 new wood being removed; afterwards this is reduced to mere tipping which is discontinued altogether eventually. The tree will consist of 6 to 7 well-spaced main branches, growing from them and lateral growths which will form repparttar 113389 bulk ofrepparttar 113390 fruiting wood.

The Three Main Parts Of A Tree

Written by Paul Curran

Trees can be broken down into three main parts:repparttar roots,repparttar 113363 leaves andrepparttar 113364 woody structure between them. The roots' function is to bring raw materials-water and mineral salt dissolved in water-torepparttar 113365 tree. The leaves absorb carbon dioxide fromrepparttar 113366 air and userepparttar 113367 sun's light energy to combine this gas withrepparttar 113368 moisture fromrepparttar 113369 roots, thus makingrepparttar 113370 simple sugars that are repparttar 113371 basic nutrients ofrepparttar 113372 tree.

The trunk, limbs, branches and twigs holdrepparttar 113373 leaves in position to receiverepparttar 113374 life-giving sunlight and air; they also act as transportation, carrying raw materials between roots and leaves. The materials absorbed byrepparttar 113375 roots are pulled up by capillary attraction andrepparttar 113376 osmotic action induced by evaporation of water fromrepparttar 113377 leaves. Loss of water throughrepparttar 113378 leaves is called transpiration.

On a summer day, a single birch tree may transpire 700 to 900 gallons of water. It is this enormous flow of water that causes a continuous flow of sap fromrepparttar 113379 roots torepparttar 113380 topmost twigs.

In planting or transplanting a tree, and in building on a lot where you wish to preserverepparttar 113381 trees,repparttar 113382 gardener's chief consideration must be to protectrepparttar 113383 root structure ofrepparttar 113384 tree. The big roots nearrepparttar 113385 stem anchorrepparttar 113386 tree torepparttar 113387 ground, while repparttar 113388 fine root hairs atrepparttar 113389 ends ofrepparttar 113390 rootlets absorbrepparttar 113391 water fromrepparttar 113392 soil.

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