How to Prune Apple Trees

Written by Paul Curran

In this article you will find out how to prune apple trees. (One of several articles fromrepparttar author on how to prune fruit trees). Pruning apple trees can be done several ways. This operation often causes concern, and considerable variation in ideas exists onrepparttar 113369 subject, generally. Concerning bush trees inrepparttar 113370 small garden,repparttar 113371 following points should be borne in mind. First, one may ask, "what happens if no pruning is done at all"?

The answer is that too much growth may be made,repparttar 113372 branches will be too congested and, although fruit will be borne, it may be smaller than it should be. Then,repparttar 113373 stage may be reached when growth will slow down, and too many fruit buds will be formed in relation torepparttar 113374 new growth. In short, one has to aim at a balance between wood (shoot) growth and fruit bud formation.

If very hard pruning is done afterrepparttar 113375 early years more wood growth than is needed may be produced and fruiting will be delayed. One method of how to prune apple trees to avoid, isrepparttar 113376 cutting off of allrepparttar 113377 new growth atrepparttar 113378 same level each year, i.e. beheading a tree at a given height. This only encourages more wood growth, and givesrepparttar 113379 tree little chance to make fruit spurs and fruit buds.

How to prune apple trees - Pruning of a young tree

To start withrepparttar 113380 pruning of a young tree, after planting, this may have 3 or 4 main branches. The 1-year-old wood (the newest growth) should be cut back half way, to an outward-facing bud. Strong shoots may be cut back less hard, and weaker branches rather harder. Next autumn, or winter,repparttar 113381 new growth that arises from this cutting back is treated similarly. Keep onlyrepparttar 113382 best two or three shoots that arise fromrepparttar 113383 original branches (leaders) and cut out any shoots that crossrepparttar 113384 centre ofrepparttar 113385 bush,repparttar 113386 aim being to encourage an outward framework of branches, i.e. cup shaped.

The main shoots should be treated similarly forrepparttar 113387 following years. Meanwhile,repparttar 113388 main branches will be furnished with side shoots (laterals) and all these that grow out fromrepparttar 113389 tree (outward that is) can be left their full length. Those growing inwards should be cut back each winter to two buds fromrepparttar 113390 base.

In connection with how to prune apple trees, inrepparttar 113391 early years, repparttar 113392 question of whether fruit formed inrepparttar 113393 first season after planting should be left or removed, is often raised. Ifrepparttar 113394 tree is making good growth. I suggest that a few fruits be retained. To leave many may cause a check in growth.

How to prune apple trees - Regulated System

A logical stage forward from no pruning isrepparttar 113395 method known as repparttar 113396 Regulated System. This can be followed with standard trees, half standards and strong-growing bush trees, i.e. those on vigorous root stocks. Briefly, with established trees this entails onlyrepparttar 113397 removal of crowded or crossing branches, thinning out unwanted shoots, and taking out any dead wood. With this method on how to prune apple trees, sizeable branches have sometimes to be removed, and a pruning saw, with a curved blade is best used for this purpose. The cut surfaces of sawn off branches should be painted over with white lead paint to prevent entry of disease spores.

How to prune apple trees - Spur Pruning

For established bush trees onrepparttar 113398 less-vigorous root stocks,repparttar 113399 harder method of pruning, called Spur Pruning, is sometimes followed. This, however, is best modified to give a method called repparttar 113400 Established Spur System. This is designed to encourage a system of fruiting spurs, close torepparttar 113401 main branch-work, and is useful for weaker growing varieties in particular. New lateral growth fromrepparttar 113402 branch frame work is pruned back to two or three buds fromrepparttar 113403 branch. New growth will arise from these buds, which will in turn be pruned similarlyrepparttar 113404 following year.

How to Prune Pear Trees

Written by Paul Curran

In this article you will find out how to prune pear trees. Pruning pear trees can be done several ways.

The pruning of pear trees, inrepparttar early stages, followsrepparttar 113368 same pattern as that for apples. Basically,repparttar 113369 treatment of established bushes, in a garden, is alsorepparttar 113370 same for pears and apples. There are, however, a few points to which attention should be drawn.

How to prune pear trees - General

Pears, generally, will stand harder pruning than apples without being forced into excessive wood growth. Bush trees should be encouraged to form a sturdy framework of branches by moderately hard pruning duringrepparttar 113371 early years. Three or 4 suitably placed branches are pruned to produce 6 or 8 further branches from 2 well-positioned buds, this process can be repeated inrepparttar 113372 following year. Oncerepparttar 113373 basic framework ofrepparttar 113374 tree has been established, pruning should be lighter untilrepparttar 113375 tree begins to bear.

As pears generally tend to spur up more freely than apples, once repparttar 113376 trees have started cropping it will be necessary to thin out repparttar 113377 spur systems frequently, to encourage new wood growth.

How to prune pear trees - Older trees

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