History of Wild Roses

Written by Ken Austin

Wild roses, ofrepparttar genus Rosa, are those naturally occurring natives found in Northern Hemispheres aroundrepparttar 113339 globe. Wild Roses can be found in forests, canyons, logged wastelands and thickets. They have continued to grow throughoutrepparttar 113340 course of history and across a range of different terrains. Most modern day roses we know are mixed offspring of these wild roses.

Wild roses have had a rich history. They played roles in Greek and Roman culture, symbolizing themes such as love and allegiance. Later they became sought after for cosmetic, medicinal and religious purposes as well. However, withrepparttar 113341 beginnings of large-scale worldwide trade, rose horticulture and hybridization took root. This forever changedrepparttar 113342 wild rose landscape from a relatively small number of wild roses acrossrepparttar 113343 planet's surface to today's world with thousands-upon-thousands of rose varieties.

There are plenty of advantages to cultivating wild roses in modern-day rose gardens. Wild roses are strong, disease resistant plants, which can be grown in almost any less-than-ideal location. They are not dependent on regular fertilization and can tolerate some drought. Requiring essentially no care, wild roses are able to spread on their own, can handle being crowded and withstand transplanting at almost any time of year.

Some popular varieties of wild roses include:

Rosa Nutkana

An arching shrub with pink petals,repparttar 113344 rosa nutkana grows in milder climates. Though it is fairly weather-tolerant, this shrub is best cultivated in sunny and well-drained locations. Prune often as thickets grow quite quickly.

Rosa Rugosa

Pre-Spring Garden Planning

Written by Tammy Clayton

Copyright 2005 Tammy Clayton

The end of Februrary already? My how time does fly! The sun has already become more readily available than inrepparttar past few months. Perhaps more cold and clear, but those candle-hours are important torepparttar 113338 sleeping natural world; it is their built in clock. You cannot lie to a plant, it knows what time it is. Far more intelligent than one gives them credit for.

As you plan what to add to your garden this winter, I am sure you are paying attention torepparttar 113339 light and water requirements all good perennial vendors attatch to each entry in their catalog. This is very important to your success with each plant. But it is possible to mix more drought loving plants with those that require more moisture inrepparttar 113340 same planting with good results. The secret lies inrepparttar 113341 substructure of each given plant's area inrepparttar 113342 bed.

Drought lovers do like some water, they will reward you with a much more beauty with some weekly water...in a drought bed. But what if you want to put say - lavender and phlox in with lobelia and ligularia? Those water requirements can really hamper one's creativity! So some knowledge of drainage engineering will give yourepparttar 113343 ability to try mixing them inrepparttar 113344 same planting area. Lavender and Phlox like drier conditions. Not thatrepparttar 113345 Phlox will die in a spot where daily overhead watering is recieved. It will survive and grow huge, and flower excessively, but be stricken with fungus that makesrepparttar 113346 lower leaves yellow, icky looking and then become half defoliated. Ground watering is it's preferred daily moisturizing treatement. One can place it in a cornerrepparttar 113347 sprinkler doesn't hit and water that section by hand once or twice a week and it will reward you very nicely indeed. Since Phlox is rather tall, this avenue of placing it inrepparttar 113348 back corner works out well. It likesrepparttar 113349 moisture but not on its leaves. Roses fare better this way as well, especialy since one cannot control whatrepparttar 113350 heavens will pour down. Less black spot and such other marring problems will occur, if ground water is used vs. overhead.

Lavender onrepparttar 113351 other hand loves it hot and dry. It doesn't mind what heaven pours down IF there is a good drainage structure whererepparttar 113352 roots are. Too much water retention and it will slowly die. To conteract good soil water retention where one would like to plantrepparttar 113353 ever so beloved lavender row, a blind drain is required. It is called "blind" because onrepparttar 113354 surface you do not know that it is different fromrepparttar 113355 rest ofrepparttar 113356 area. In a planting area that is scratched once or twice a month some ofrepparttar 113357 substructure will mix intorepparttar 113358 top surface and changerepparttar 113359 color ofrepparttar 113360 topping soil. But oncerepparttar 113361 bed fills no one will see this. (Surface scratching, byrepparttar 113362 way will put much needed air tunnels to roots, create more water availability to roots, and lessenrepparttar 113363 amount of weeding one must do, if it is done twice a month.)

The smallerrepparttar 113364 particle size of soil,repparttar 113365 moisture it will retain. Clay havingrepparttar 113366 most minute pieces and sand havingrepparttar 113367 largest. Each person's garden area will have a totally different soil structure. If you are in hard clay, I would advise that either you excavate 6" of clay and fill with 7 inches of peat/topsoil 50-50 fill OR raiserepparttar 113368 bed at least 6 inches aboverepparttar 113369 harsh environment ofrepparttar 113370 clay. Raising it is much less labor than excavating! Not too many things will do nicely in clay. The only way around it is correction. Once you have nice workable soil, with good moisture retention, yet good drainage - you can go about planning what goes where and how to amend each area for certain plants.

To get good drainage, you need to go down at least 4-6 inches, depending onrepparttar 113371 plants requirements. SHARP drainage is engineered with pea gravel in a 2" layer, followed by 2" of coarse sand, topped off with 2" of your rich garden soil. In times of extreme moisturerepparttar 113372 worst of it will lay inrepparttar 113373 gravel bed. The gravel there also holds more heat thanrepparttar 113374 moisture retaining soil, therefore usingrepparttar 113375 warmth to do away with excess water faster. Variegated irises planted with a bed of road gravel 4" beneathrepparttar 113376 surface will grow three times more lushly than those in average garden soil - they love that heat! Heat and drought loving plants are much happier in that environment when regular water is recieved. It isrepparttar 113377 retention that causes decline and not what comes from above. More moderate drainage would be created using 3" of sand and 3" of soil on top. Since each plant has different needs, your engineering of drainage will require a bit of working on. But it opens doors to what you can put in a planting as happy bedfellows that no drainage field would never allow you to attempt.

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