Head Teachers - Managing Health and Safety in your School

Written by Paddy Swan

Head Teacher's Safety Management Toolkit Article


Head Teachers - Managing Health and Safety in your Primary/Infant School.

What you need to know.

If you read nothing else about Health and Safety read this. It’s about 1500 words long but it summarises what you need to know about managing Health and Safety to satisfy laws and regulations as they affect your school.

Changes torepparttar Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations(1999) (MSHW) as laid out inrepparttar 109277 Regulations and their Guidance have made specific requirements and laid a responsibility on School dutyholders to manage Health and Safety in all UK Schools.

They need to do this by managing within a system. This isrepparttar 109278 School Safety Management System(SMS) and every school should have one.

The head teacher asrepparttar 109279 person with responsibility for a school site is a dutyholder as described in H&S laws.

What actually are dutyholders?

•Dutyholders are people with control over school safety. They arerepparttar 109280 people who face enforcement action inrepparttar 109281 event of anything going wrong. oIn main these arerepparttar 109282 Employer andrepparttar 109283 Headteacher. oIn any eventrepparttar 109284 Headteacher isrepparttar 109285 person in control ofrepparttar 109286 site and a dutyholder in any school. The main duties ofrepparttar 109287 Employer are to provide resources and a framework of policies and some specific procedures and then to monitor and audit how H&S is implemented and managed.

Governors in Community schools have control over budgets and need to supportrepparttar 109288 head teacher, who isrepparttar 109289 person responsible forrepparttar 109290 site, and main site dutyholder but they are not dutyholders per se.

Who might action be taken against?

•The Employer, this isrepparttar 109291 LEA,repparttar 109292 Foundation and/orrepparttar 109293 school whoever may be regarded asrepparttar 109294 employer under H&S law. The Employer can be an individual or like an LEA or school which is a Body Corporate forrepparttar 109295 purposes of safety law and its’ enforcement.

o Non employer individuals as well asrepparttar 109296 school may be subject of enforcement if they do not carry out their duties. This could apply to some Governor, Directors and/or Trustees and any individuals who may be dutyholders, as far as they exerciserepparttar 109297 function of employer in Foundation, Private or Voluntary Aided Schools.

o Employees, Visitors and Contractors could also be subject of enforcement if they do not carry out their duties under H&S Law. This could apply to an individual who tampered with safety equipment or put someone at risk by negligence or incompetence.This could even be a pupil in a Secondary School who acts maliciously or in a grossly negligent way.So anyone onrepparttar 109298 school site might be considered liable, except for children belowrepparttar 109299 age of criminal reponsibility.

However,it isrepparttar 109300 Head Teacher who isrepparttar 109301 main dutyholder and their main duty is to implementrepparttar 109302 policies/procedures ofrepparttar 109303 Employer and manage Health and Safety on their site.

What arerepparttar 109304 requirements to manage safety?

•The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations(1992 - 9) defined that all schools needed to manage safety. To do this any school needs to have a system for carrying out its’ H&S duties and also for reviewing safety matters in case situations change withinrepparttar 109305 school .

This isrepparttar 109306 School Safety Management System (SMS) and this a whole school issue and staff,governors and pupils need to be part of, and contribute to this system.

• The SMS needs to be used to manage safety actively as part ofrepparttar 109307 School’s normal operations. Having an SMS and operating it is part ofrepparttar 109308 normal work ofrepparttar 109309 school and should be accommodated in resources and budgets withinrepparttar 109310 school framework.

The SMS isrepparttar 109311 framework within whichrepparttar 109312 school needs to address all its’ Health and Safety duties.

What arerepparttar 109313 main H&S areas whichrepparttar 109314 Head Teacher needs to consider as duties?

•Risk Assessment - The School needs assess all its’ risks and put control measures put in place to reduce them. This means that a Risk Assessment System needs to be part of repparttar 109315 school SMS. Risk Assessment need not be overcomplicated butrepparttar 109316 Risk Assessments need to be done by a COMPETENT Person.This means:

"A person with suitable, knowledge, skills, qualities and experience to carry out their taks without risk to their own health and safety or that of others." (Lord Cullen - Piper Alpha Report).

This person could be a teacher who has been deemed competent by virtue of their experience, GTC registration and experience. So a Science qualified member of staff isrepparttar 109317 best person to carry out any Risk Assessment based around Science activities.

Equally a staff member who has taken many trips can carry out a Visits Risk Assessment.

What counts as adequate experience? How many trips is enough or appropriate?

This is a matter for your school SMS to define but, a competent person should always be appointed following a logical system and IN WRITING.

If you have not got in-house competence(a matter of judgement) you will need to call in outside assistance, applyingrepparttar 109318 same criteria to any outside consultant.

Has someone from an industrial H&S background enough competence to help you carry out a Risk Assessment for a Educational Visit? Probably not.

Your SMS needs to define how and when you should review and change risk assessments and what criteria you need to adopt for various actions. And remember, it is no earthly good adopting model Risk Assessments unchanged. All Risk Assessments must be pertinent and apply to your school and its' specific conditions.

•Training - H&S duties also mean thatrepparttar 109319 School needs to train and give information /instruction to its’ staff and some visitors. These H&S training duties mean thatrepparttar 109320 school needs to be able to deem staff competent to play their part inrepparttar 109321 system.

It also means thatrepparttar 109322 school must deliver job specific training and/or instruction. The main areas of training defined by regulations and good practice include:

* Induction for all new staff and for specified visitors and contractors

* Basic Safety Requirement defined by your School SMS and which is sufficient H&S Training for staff to enable them to operate safely with awareness of duties,responsibilities, repparttar 109323 main hazards and risks and to enable them to play their part inrepparttar 109324 School SMS.

* Job specific Safety training and Instruction - Training to enablerepparttar 109325 member of staff to carry out their job role safely. e.g COSHH familiarisation for Cleaning Staff who use chemical cleaning agents.Instruction in a new piece of equipment and how to use it safely.

•Policies and Procedures – The school needs to have a School Health and Safety Policy and suitable procedures which should flow fromrepparttar 109326 risk assessments made. It is expected that all policies and procedures will be developed with input from, and consultation of ,staff. The Policy andrepparttar 109327 Procedures need to be available to staff and should be reviewed regularly. The same criteria applies to Policies and Procedures provided as models forrepparttar 109328 school as to Risk Assessments.

Teach Phonemic Awareness in 5 Minutes a day

Written by Sacha of home-school-reading.com

Phonemic Awareness, or Phonic Ears, arerepparttar child’s ability to actually hearrepparttar 109276 sounds in a word. This isrepparttar 109277 first step in learning to read. Much ofrepparttar 109278 new research says that teaching children this skill can really helprepparttar 109279 child learn to read!

Let’s start growing those ears

Phonic ears isrepparttar 109280 ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words. Phonemic awareness is not phonics and it does not involve reading any words. This means that a three year old can learn to grow their phonic ears, just as easily as a six year old!

How to teach Phonemic Awareness Skills 1) Blending: What word am I trying to say? SsssssAaaaaaNnnnnnDdddd. 2) Segmentation (first sound only): What isrepparttar 109281 first sound in Run? 3) Segmentation (last sound only): What isrepparttar 109282 last sound in Sit? 4) Say it Fast (complete): Sayrepparttar 109283 sounds forrepparttar 109284 word H . . . O . . . P. . . (Pause between each sound.) 5) Say letters, sound at a time: The letter “M” is eee . . . mmm. The letter “S” is eee . . . sss.

How to grow those phonic ears in Five Minutes a day

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