FTC Requires Companies To Destroy Consumer Records

Written by Richard A. Chapo


On June 1, 2005,repparttar Federal Trade Commission issued new regulations requiring companies to destroy certain consumer records. The specific rule requires consumer information such as credit reports to be physically destroyed after it is used.

Records

The rule covers practically any consumer records. Examples include credit reports, court records, employment histories and rental histories to mention only a few.

Identity Theft

Heading complaints from constituents, Congress has been trying to figure out how to deal with growing identity theft problems. In response,repparttar 143558 FTC rule requires all personal information to be:

1. Burned(!),

2. Pulverized,

3. Shredded, or

4. Destroyed.

Whether you shredrepparttar 143559 records or stand inrepparttar 143560 parking lot with a flamethrower,repparttar 143561 rule requiresrepparttar 143562 documents to be destroyed torepparttar 143563 extent they cannot be read. Importantly,repparttar 143564 rule also applies to electronic files.

As an agency rule,repparttar 143565 new regulation does not result in any criminal penalties. Instead,repparttar 143566 FTC penalty provisions call for a fine of up to $2,500 per violation. Individuals that have information misused can also seek damages in civil lawsuits.

Effective?

DNA Evidence History and Status

Written by Nick Smith


When Gregor Mendel published his studies of inherited characteristics of pea plants in 1866, he probably didn't know he was starting a sequence of events that would end inrepparttar 1987 conviction of someone inrepparttar 143107 United States based on DNA evidence. This article discussesrepparttar 143108 history and current status ofrepparttar 143109 use of DNA evidence inrepparttar 143110 United States.

How DNA Evidence is Gathered and Used

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a nucleic acid consisting of two chains of nucleotides bonded together in a double helix, and is responsible for determiningrepparttar 143111 inherited characteristics of each person. Historically, DNA could only be extracted reliably from clean specimens of blood or other body fluids. Due to recent scientific developments, DNA evidence can be extracted and amplified from a variety of samples, including licked stamps, dental floss, used razors, hair, and even sweaty t-shirts.

The DNA evidence is taken back torepparttar 143112 laboratory whererepparttar 143113 sample is cleaned and prepared. The DNA is cut into small, manageable pieces using enzymes, and then it is categorized by size using a process known as "gel electrophoresis." We all share some 99.9% of our DNA, but there are specific regions in our DNA that differ. In certain areas, given sequences ofrepparttar 143114 bases adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine repeat themselves. The sequences, known as variable number tandem repeats, or VNTRs, create a unique personal blueprint that can be used as DNA evidence.

The VNTRs are marked with a radioactive compound that aids in being able to make an x-ray image ofrepparttar 143115 DNA sequence. These images, which arerepparttar 143116 DNA evidence ultimately presented in courts, can then be compared torepparttar 143117 DNA sample collected from a suspect.

The DNA sample fromrepparttar 143118 crime scene andrepparttar 143119 suspect are compared at a number

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