Egyptologist-Jean-Francois Champollion 1790-1832

Written by Dr. Sherin ElKhawaga

Champollion was a French Egyptologist, who is acknowledged asrepparttar father of modern Egyptology. He achieved many things during his short career, but he is best known for his work onrepparttar 109445 Rosetta Stone. It was his deciphering ofrepparttar 109446 hieroglyphics contained onrepparttar 109447 Stone that laidrepparttar 109448 foundations for Egyptian archaeology. He was born in 1790. His oldest brother educated him until he turned 10, at which time he was enrolled inrepparttar 109449 Lyceum in Grenoble. His brother was also an archaeologist, and it is probably from his influence that he developed a passion for languages in general and for Egypt in particular. While he was atrepparttar 109450 Lyceum, he presented a paper in which he argued thatrepparttar 109451 language ofrepparttar 109452 Copts in contemporary Egypt was in essencerepparttar 109453 same as that used byrepparttar 109454 Egyptians of antiquity. His education continued atrepparttar 109455 College de France, where he specialized in languages ofrepparttar 109456 Orient. He knew bits and pieces of many languages, and was fluent in several others. A partial listing ofrepparttar 109457 languages he was familiar with is astounding: Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Chaldean, Chinese, Coptic, Ethiopic, Sanskrit, Pahlevi, and Persian. When he finished his education, he was invited to teach Royal College of Grenoble, where he taught history and politics. Byrepparttar 109458 age of 19, he had earned his Doctor of Letters and his career began really taking off. He continued to teach at Grenoble until 1816. In 1818, he was appointed to a chair in history and geography atrepparttar 109459 Royal College of Grenoble, and taught there until 1821.

Eye of Horus

Written by Dr. Sherin ElKhawaga

Horus, represented asrepparttar falcon-headed god, was an important god in Egyptian legend. The symbol representing his eye, Eye of Horus, was a powerful symbol used to protect from evil. Pronounced "udjat" byrepparttar 109444 Egyptians,repparttar 109445 Eye of Horus represents a human eye withrepparttar 109446 cheek markings of a falcon. The ancient Egyptian Eye of Horus or wedjat ('Whole One') is a powerful symbol of protection, and is also considered to confer wisdom, health and prosperity.The ancient Egyptians consideredrepparttar 109447 eye of horus as a representative of eternal renewal ofrepparttar 109448 kingdom from Pharaoh to pharaoh. The ancient Egyptians believed that this symbol has a very powerful and magical effect on restoring harmony torepparttar 109449 unstabilized world and restoring unrightful things. According torepparttar 109450 old myth,repparttar 109451 rivalling god Seth tore Horus' eye out. Seth was his uncle, who contended with him forrepparttar 109452 Egyptian throne after he had killed and dismembered his father, Osiris. Thot,repparttar 109453 wise moon god andrepparttar 109454 patron ofrepparttar 109455 sciences andrepparttar 109456 art of writing, put it patiently back in order and healed it. As an ambiguous symbol, it describesrepparttar 109457 status of regained soundness. Inrepparttar 109458 field of astronomy it isrepparttar 109459 moon symbol absolute and refers torepparttar 109460 increasing completion ofrepparttar 109461 moon disk;repparttar 109462 Eye of Horus symbol was inspired byrepparttar 109463 "Eye of God" and "solar falcon" that are manifested during total solar eclipses; Inrepparttar 109464 most different sizes and degrees of preciousness of its materials, it served as an amulet worn aroundrepparttar 109465 neck or as a graphic motif for beautiful jewels; it decoratedrepparttar 109466 lunettes of coffins and sarcophagi; it was part of a suspicious picture mysteries inrepparttar 109467 ornament of receptacles or other personal objects.

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