Land subdivision is a bit like helping Mom slice up her beautiful Apple Pie; itís all so easy when, like Mom, youíve done it a few times.
So letís see if we can get ingredients for a land subdivision correct so you can do it right first time, OK?
Every city or town in free world has a Town Plan and it comprises, not surprisingly, of plans or maps, usually with lots of different colors all over them, but also lots of words explaining what colors mean as well as lots of Rules that tell you what you can do with land.
The colors indicate different zonings that your elected Council has decided upon. So say, Residential housing may be Yellow; high density housing like units, condos may be Pink; and industrial Orange, whatever.
So you can see at a glance how town plan is subdivided into land use categories.
Just as you canít build a house anywhere you like, so to you canít have a farm or a factory in middle of a residential area either.
So first thing you must do is find out what is ĎZoningí of land you own or are thinking of buying. Getting land Rezoned is another issue altogether.
Letís assume your land is zoned for residential housing. The Town Plan will tell you all requirements you have to undertake for land subdivision.
It will tell you minimum Lot size allowed in a residential subdivision. It will tell you distance in feet or metres you have to Set-Back each lot from road, either internal and/or external, as well as side boundaries of your land.
Now all that seems a bit complicated, but donít worry, there are professional land subdivision experts who will do all this work for you. Depending in what part of world you come from, you will engage either an Engineer in USA or a Land Surveyor in Australia, New Zealand, UK or Ireland to prepare you land subdivision plan.
Always engage one who does their main work in your area, because these are professional where local knowledge is very important.
They will know about soil conditions in your area, because they may have done several land subdivisions in area already and completed soil testing.
They will also know about provision of utilities like water supply, electricity, gas, telephone. All of these impact on cost of your development.
For example, if water reticulation is not available on your road frontage and nearest water supply is a mile away, then you may have to pay for cost of piping water that distance.