Ecology: 10 Ways To Fortify The Environment For Under $10

Written by Jim D. Ray

America’s beautiful landscape representsrepparttar natural brilliance of a nation founded on truth, freedom, andrepparttar 143300 well-being of all its citizens.

As technology progresses, America’s ecosystem suffersrepparttar 143301 greatest toll. Automobiles, industrial parks, and consumer waste have grown in record numbers overrepparttar 143302 past twenty years. It is essential that we seek to ensure conditions favorable torepparttar 143303 renewal of our country’s natural splendor.

Here are ten ways you can fortify your local ecosystem for $10 or less:

1. Don’t litter. It’s just one cigarette butt, pop can, or plastic wrapper outrepparttar 143304 window – but with over 200 million motorists in America, that can add up to a lot of litter. Repairing existing damage torepparttar 143305 environment begins one piece of potential litter at a time.

2. Recyclerepparttar 143306 basics. Many communities have recycling programs in place, yet some people find it too difficult or time consuming to make use of them. Basics such as aluminum cans or newspapers are easy to sort fromrepparttar 143307 rest ofrepparttar 143308 trash. To locate your community’s recycling pick-up schedule or drop-off locations, visit:

3. Joinrepparttar 143309 National Arbor Day Foundation. The Arbor Day Foundation promotesrepparttar 143310 preservation and growth of tress, both in national forests and residential settings. A membership is $10 and includes ten free tree seedlings sent by U.S. mail for planting in your yard or community. Donations are also accepted, used for planting trees in America’s national forests affected by fire or insect infestation. Visitrepparttar 143311 National Arbor Day Foundation web site at:

4. Conserve gasoline. Now more than ever, conserving gas should be an easy-to-implement method for both aidingrepparttar 143312 environment and saving money. Try running errands during a morning or afternoon stroll, or walking to your lunch spot. Not only arerepparttar 143313 health benefits significant, there is immense natural beauty to be experienced that oftentimes goes unnoticed inrepparttar 143314 car.


Written by Tobi Nagy

Some information for those who may not know much aboutrepparttar causes and implications ofrepparttar 143069 “Greenhouse Effect” For those of you who have been living under a rock or asleep forrepparttar 143070 last 20 years or those who want to know more about it, here is a brief article.

•The Greenhouse Effect mayberepparttar 143071 most important natural phenomena and may lead to major changes in our lifestyles within our lifetime.

Today, whenever there is a natural disaster,repparttar 143072 Greenhouse Effect seems to be onrepparttar 143073 agenda. It wasn’t so long ago that scientists were dismissive ofrepparttar 143074 Greenhouse Effect and there are some still that do not believe it exists, just like there are still people out there that thinkrepparttar 143075 world is still flat andrepparttar 143076 Holocaust never existed. So what isrepparttar 143077 Greenhouse Effect? What isrepparttar 143078 Greenhouse Effect? The Greenhouse Effect isrepparttar 143079 culmination of various Greenhouse gases that have been trapped inrepparttar 143080 Earth’s stratosphere that is leading torepparttar 143081 changing ofrepparttar 143082 word’s climate. •Underrepparttar 143083 influence ofrepparttar 143084 sun’s rays,repparttar 143085 earth’s temperature varies from 0 to about 50oC with an average through night and day, winter and summer, of about 15o C •The warming is done by rays fromrepparttar 143086 sun, includingrepparttar 143087 very shortest, ultraviolet (UV) rays andrepparttar 143088 longest infra-red (IR) rays which give you that warm feeling when you walk out intorepparttar 143089 sunshine, much like an electric radiator warms you when you turn it on and get close to it. •Some ofrepparttar 143090 incoming rays are reflected back byrepparttar 143091 clouds inrepparttar 143092 sky and others byrepparttar 143093 sea and land, particularly deserts and snowfields. •Not all those reflected rays go back into space, instead,repparttar 143094 atmosphere re-radiates many ofrepparttar 143095 IR rays towardsrepparttar 143096 earth making it warmer still. It is this ability ofrepparttar 143097 atmosphere to re-radiate warm rays which createsrepparttar 143098 Greenhouse Effect. •Water vapour, carbon dioxide and certain other trace gases, absorb some of this radiation and prevent it being sent back into space. This “blanket effect” keepsrepparttar 143099 earth warm. History ofrepparttar 143100 Greenhouse Effect It is not a new phenomena or concept. The term “Greenhouse gas” was first used inrepparttar 143101 Nineteen Century, by Irish born scientist John Tyndall in a paper he wrote in London’s Philosophical Magazine in 1863. It wasn’t untilrepparttar 143102 1960’s that Professor Bert Bolin of Stockholm University worked onrepparttar 143103 phenomenon. When he discussed it with fellow scientists they said “This is science fiction. We don’t believe it”. However byrepparttar 143104 mid 1970’s things were starting to change rapidly as scientists were starting to accept he was right. How do we knowrepparttar 143105 Greenhouse Effect exists? What isrepparttar 143106 evidence? 1.Scientists have analysed climates on planets like Venus and our moon. Venus which is covered by a very dense atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Its surface temperature is around 500o C. Whilstrepparttar 143107 moon which has no atmosphere has an average temperature of approximately -18oC. Our atmosphere keepsrepparttar 143108 surface of our earth, with an average of 15o C, some 33o C warmer and thus habitable.

2.Evidence of ice cores Overrepparttar 143109 past 160,000 years carbon dioxide and methane levels trapped in ice cores have varied with global temperature. Scientists have been able to drill out ice cores fromrepparttar 143110 Arctic and Antarctic and measurerepparttar 143111 levels of carbon dioxide and methane.

3.Increase in surface temperature of approximately 0.5oC over 100 years as carbon dioxide levels increase Studies conducted by scientists have concluded thatrepparttar 143112 earth’s temperature remained fairly constant untilrepparttar 143113 start ofrepparttar 143114 Industrial Revolution. Indeed it did not change much untilrepparttar 143115 start ofrepparttar 143116 twentieth century.

•From 1880 to 1940 there was a warming of just a quarter of a degree. Most of it was lost between 1940 and 1970. •From 1950 to 1980repparttar 143117 average surface temperature was 15oC. •Between 1970 and 1980repparttar 143118 temperature average went up by three-tenths of a degree C. •1987 and 1988 wererepparttar 143119 warmest years on record

4.Sea levels are rising and small glaciers are melting Scientists using satellite and imaging technology have been able to monitorrepparttar 143120 melting of polar ice caps and glaciers. What arerepparttar 143121 results ofrepparttar 143122 Greenhouse Effect By using very sophisticated computer modeling, scientists have been able to predict whatrepparttar 143123 world’s climate will be like when carbon dioxide levels have doubled. 1.Increase in world’s temperature It is thought that there will be an increase inrepparttar 143124 average global temperature by between 1.5 and 4.5oC . •By year 2030 an increase of 2oC, by 2100 an increase of 6oC. The warming will be greater at higher latitudes and in winter. This will lead torepparttar 143125 melting of polar ice caps and glaciers which is already evident, in places like Greenland,repparttar 143126 Arctic and Antarctic. 2.Changes in World’s climate The Greenhouse Effect will lead to world-wide changes in weather and climate. Some places may get more rain and storms while other places may get less. Not all changes will be bad. However, almost everywhere inrepparttar 143127 world will have changes in weather, which will have a big impact on our lives 3.Rising Sea Level It is estimated that byrepparttar 143128 year 2030,repparttar 143129 average sea level will increase by approximately 20cms. This will be due mainly torepparttar 143130 melting ofrepparttar 143131 polar ice cap, but also warming ofrepparttar 143132 atmosphere will heatrepparttar 143133 upper layers ofrepparttar 143134 oceans, which will expand when heated. For low lying countries inrepparttar 143135 Pacific like Tuvalu and Kiribati, and inrepparttar 143136 Indian Ocean like Maldives and other countries like Holland may altogether disappear. 4.Other impacts Other impacts could berepparttar 143137 dieing out of some species of animals and plants, such as coastal marine environments and coral reefs. Some plants would not be able to survive temperature increases. It takes thousands of years for forests to move north or south to cooler climates. According to Joel B. Smith, co-author of an EPA report states that “such a warming over a century would require forests to move five times faster thanrepparttar 143138 fastest rate recorded by paleontologists sincerepparttar 143139 end ofrepparttar 143140 last ice age”. What arerepparttar 143141 primary Greenhouse gases? They are a number of organic compounds which have more than two bonds (i.e 3 atoms). The seven major Greenhouse gases are:

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