Duke Ellington Starring in “The Evolution of Jazz”

Written by David Kunstek

Duke Ellington Starring in “The Evolution of Jazz”

Duke Ellington is considered to be one ofrepparttar greatest figures inrepparttar 110014 history of American music. Edward Kennedy 'Duke' Ellington was born in Washington D.C. on April 29, 1899. His parents were James Edward and Daisy Kennedy Ellington. They raised Duke as an only child, until his sister, Ruth, was born when Duke was sixteen years old. Duke, even as a teenager had a great talent for music. Inrepparttar 110015 beginning of his musical life, Duke began to take a promising interest in a new type of music that would later be called jazz. Choosing to base his career on a new idea may not have been smart, but Duke did take this chance and in turn became one ofrepparttar 110016 most famous musicians in America. Duke's first job was at a government office. He was a clerk who receivedrepparttar 110017 minimum wage and was barely getting by. He would arrange dance bands for weddings and parties for extra money. His mother taught him how to playrepparttar 110018 piano. Sometimes he put this knowledge to use and played at a few ofrepparttar 110019 dance parties and weddings. After Duke's first job, he became more interested in painting andrepparttar 110020 arts. For a few years he painted public posters. Duke then decided to put together his own band. At this point in his life things started to change forrepparttar 110021 better for Duke, but not for long. In those days, this new music was just beginning to develop and would later be givenrepparttar 110022 name of jazz. In that time it was considered to be low and vulgar because it was music that grew directly out ofrepparttar 110023 Black culture. In those early years, segregation was at one of its all time worst points in history. I think that is why Duke Ellington was one ofrepparttar 110024 most important individuals torepparttar 110025 growth and development of jazz. During Duke's long career,repparttar 110026 new music slowly spread out of bars and saloons, to dance and night clubs and then eventually ontorepparttar 110027 concert stage. In time, jazz became a universally recognized form of art and has been said that it isrepparttar 110028 only real form that has originated fromrepparttar 110029 American soul. Byrepparttar 110030 1960's Duke traveledrepparttar 110031 globe so many times that he became known asrepparttar 110032 unofficial ambassador torepparttar 110033 United States. Duke's band had played in Russia, Japan, Latin America,repparttar 110034 Far East,repparttar 110035 Middle East, and Africa. Duke, himself, was an elegant man. Whenrepparttar 110036 white people looked down onrepparttar 110037 black man and his music, Duke managed to bring dignity to every one of his performances. Once,repparttar 110038 jazz historian Leonard Feather described Duke as, 'an inch over six feet tall, sturdily built, he had an innate grandeur that would have enabled him to step with unquenched dignity out of a mud puddle.' Duke's private life was something of an enigma. Although he had many friends he never really told them everything about himself. He would often guard his privacy probably because he had so little of it. When he was alone though, he would almost always be arrangingrepparttar 110039 next tune forrepparttar 110040 band to play, and was always thinking or preparing something forrepparttar 110041 band to do inrepparttar 110042 next performance. Duke attracted some ofrepparttar 110043 greatest musicians to join his band. Because of this it has been said that many of Duke's pieces are almost impossible to exactly duplicate withoutrepparttar 110044 personal style ofrepparttar 110045 original musicians. One ofrepparttar 110046 strange things that was known about Duke was that his school music teacher, Mrs. Clinkscales, who playedrepparttar 110047 piano, was alwaysrepparttar 110048 inspiration for him to just sit down and start tinkering around with a few notes that usually became big hits. In his bandrepparttar 110049 two, probably most famous musicians wererepparttar 110050 trumpeter Whetsol andrepparttar 110051 saxophonist Hodges. Asrepparttar 110052 band became more and more popular, saxophonist Hodges becamerepparttar 110053 highest paid performer inrepparttar 110054 United States. The 1920's became known as 'the Jazz Age' because jazz had hit its first great burst of popularity. At that time Duke then added a young drummer named Sonny Greer. A few years after Greer was hired, Duke's band hit a very rough spot. They were often stuck inrepparttar 110055 street with no money and nowhere to go. Duke and his band often were stuck doing crude recordings just for a few dollars to buy a meal. Inrepparttar 110056 autumn of 1927, luck had crossed paths with Duke again. The manager of Duke's band, Irving Mills, had heard thatrepparttar 110057 prestigious cotton club was looking for a new band and immediately Irving began campaigning for Duke. Duke and his band opened on December 4, 1927 to meet a mad rush of spectators who eagerly awaited to hear Dukes newest pieces. Duke's band became very prosperous and they had their own spot onrepparttar 110058 Cotton Club floor with special lighting and accommodations. Atrepparttar 110059 year of 1928repparttar 110060 band consisted of Bubber Miley, Freddy Jenkins, and Arthur Whetsol on trumpet, joined with Tricky Sam Nanton, and Juan Tizol on trombone. Johnny Hodges, now on alto sax, with Barney Bigard doubled on tenor sax and clarinet, and finally Harry Carney at seventeen years old joined on bari sax. Carney was known as one ofrepparttar 110061 first people in a band ever to userepparttar 110062 bari sax as a solo instrument.

Do you know your Country? Origin of Country Music Quiz

Written by Robert Harper

Here's a nice quiz onrepparttar Origin of Country Music. The answers are onrepparttar 110013 bottom ofrepparttar 110014 page.

P.S. Don't feel bad if you only get half of them right. You'll be doing better than my partner Stu did...

1) What person is known asrepparttar 110015 "Father of Country Music"?

A. Johnny Cash B. Jimmie Rodgers C. Tex Ritter D. Jed Clampett

2) Who wrote a song about driving onrepparttar 110016 soundtrack ofrepparttar 110017 movie "Roadie" that became a number one country song?

A. Merle Haggard B. Charlie Daniels C. Eddie Rabbitt D. Willie Nelson

3) What year did Patsy Cline die in a plane crash?

A. 1976 B. 1945 C. 1963 D. 1990

4) In 1996 "Wild Angels" hits No. 1 onrepparttar 110018 country charts.Who wasrepparttar 110019 country singer?

A. Anita Carter B. Gretchen Wilson C. Martina McBride D. Reba McEntire

Cont'd on page 2 ==>
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