Drug-Free Pain Medication

Written by Danielle Papageorgiou

Well, it’s about time!

One would think thatrepparttar FDA would be a reliable source of confidence when it comes to consideringrepparttar 148958 safety of medications. And one would think that those persons who conduct studies on drugs for human consumption would haverepparttar 148959 credibility to be trusted to submit honest reports for perusal by anyone asking. But, public faith and trust inrepparttar 148960 FDA is quickly fading away.

Quotes such as this one, from Dr. David Graham, senior drug safety researcher atrepparttar 148961 FDA, only serve to increaserepparttar 148962 public concern. “On 9/11, 3000 people died. With Vioxx, ten to fifteen times that number died . . . . it is a national catastrophe.” As pharmaceutical companies argue over whyrepparttar 148963 public was not provided withrepparttar 148964 true hazards of consuming their products, recent news articles explainrepparttar 148965 heart attack and stroke risks of taking Pfizer’s product, Vioxx, and Merck’s product, Celebrex. Sadly, it would seem that an organization set up to protect us ultimately cannot be trusted. So, ifrepparttar 148966 FDA is unreliable in certifyingrepparttar 148967 safety of common pain-relieving drugs, where does a person with chronic pain turn? Perhapsrepparttar 148968 answer lies in natural products. In India, an herb called Boswellia (known in biblical times as Frankincense) has been used for thousands of years as a proven pain reliever for overworked joints. It acts much likerepparttar 148969 well-known non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and those anti-inflammatory effects make it beneficial for ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel syndrome, asthma, and other respiratory problems.

We're natural mind readers

Written by Anonymous

EMPATHY allows us to feelrepparttar emotions of others, to identify and understand their feelings and motives and see things from their perspective. How we generate empathy remains a subject of intense debate in cognitive science.

Some scientists now believe they may have finally discovered its root. We're all essentially mind readers, they say. The idea has been slow to gain acceptance, but evidence is mounting.

In 1996, three neuroscientists were probingrepparttar 148957 brain of a macaque monkey when they stumbled across a curious cluster of cells inrepparttar 148958 premotor cortex, an area ofrepparttar 148959 brain responsible for planning movements.

The cells fired not only whenrepparttar 148960 monkey performed an action, but also when it sawrepparttar 148961 same action performed by someone else. The cells respondedrepparttar 148962 same way whether it reached out to grasp a peanut, or merely watched as another monkey or a human did.

Appropriately,repparttar 148963 scientists named them "mirror neurons".

Later experiments confirmedrepparttar 148964 existence of mirror neurons in humans and revealed another surprise. In addition to mirroring actions,repparttar 148965 cells reflected sensations and emotions.

"Mirror neurons suggest that we pretend to be in another person's mental shoes," says Marco lacoboni, a neuroscientist atrepparttar 148966 University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine. "In fact, with mirror neurons we do not have to pretend, we practically are in another person's mind."

Mirror neurons may help cognitive scientists explain how children develop a theory of mind (ToM), which is a child's understanding that others have minds similar to their own.

Overrepparttar 148967 years, cognitive scientists have come up with a number of theories to explain how ToM develops. The "theory theory" and "simulation theory" are currently two ofrepparttar 148968 most popular.

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