Written by Joi Sigers

"I believe it to be true that dreams arerepparttar true interpreters of our inclinations; but there is an art required to sort and understand them." - Montaigne

Sincerepparttar 143117 beginning of time mankind has been mystified by dreams. Kings, poets, philosophers, statesmen, peasants: They have ALL dreamed, have all wondered about their dreams, and have all been made happy or miserable by them. They have treated them, alternately, withrepparttar 143118 utmost seriousness and respect or with scorn and skepticism. They have, at times, held them in awe and wonder and at other times, laughed them off.

But they've never - and we'd never - ignore them.

Dreams are lived and relived...told and re-told...remembered and forgotten...laughed over and cried over....accepted asrepparttar 143119 gospel truth and rejected as utter nonsense. They are credited with influencingrepparttar 143120 future and praised as shedding light onrepparttar 143121 present. They have beenrepparttar 143122 inspiration for literally countless books, paintings and other works of art. They are said to drive men and women to take action when nothing else will move them.

But they've never been - nor will they ever be - ignored.

The "art" that Montaigne referred to inrepparttar 143123 opening quote is known today as dreamology. Simply put, it'srepparttar 143124 in-depth study of dreams. Those of us who do so on a regular, daily basis are "dreamologists". It isn't a term that


Written by Robert Bruce Baird

ICE AGES: - The impact ofrepparttar ice ages and inter-glacial effects onrepparttar 142760 rise and fall of ocean levels andrepparttar 142761 earth readjustments torepparttar 142762 departure ofrepparttar 142763 ice cap cannot be over-looked inrepparttar 142764 human historical picture. Research inrepparttar 142765 area is far greater than inrepparttar 142766 recent past and we can learn what might have happened to earlier civilizations on earth. Atlantis is a given name for a civilization that inhabited many islands and coastal regions, in my mind. The idea of one central location makes little sense when one considers such things as Ice Ages and changes inrepparttar 142767 flow ofrepparttar 142768 Gulf Stream and climate that resulted. Because it lasted for from 30,000 to 100,000 years and may have co-existed with other civilizations rising and falling it is most inauspicious to debate one specific time when it was in Tara or Crete orrepparttar 142769 Azores or Bimini or even Finias. That seems to berepparttar 142770 usual debate amongrepparttar 142771 over 25,000 books written about just this one lost civilization. As long as people don't integrate all facts they inevitably just come up with theories to fit pet or prevailing concepts. In Gateway to Atlantis, 'The Search forrepparttar 142772 source of a lost Civilization' we see a far better scholar who is doingrepparttar 142773 right kind of investigation. Mapping ofrepparttar 142774 ocean bottoms and geological understandings as well as studying glacial deposits and tree rings gives a better picture of history than history books.

"In 1960 a scientific paper by Wallace S. Broecker and his colleagues Maurice Ewing and Bruce C. Heezen, of Lamont Geological Observatory at Columbia University, Palisades, New York, appeared inrepparttar 142775 'American Journal of Science'. Entitled 'Evidence for an Abrupt Change in Climate close to 11,000 years ago', it advancedrepparttar 142776 theory that a 'number of geographically isolated systems suggested thatrepparttar 142777 warming of world-wide climate which occurred atrepparttar 142778 close of Wisconsin glacial times was extremely abrupt. (3)

By examining sediment cores taken from various deep-sea locations, Broecker and his team were able to demonstrate that around c. 9000 BC.repparttar 142779 surface water temperature ofrepparttar 142780 Atlantic Ocean increased by between six and ten degrees centigrade, (4) enough to alter its entire ecosystem. More significantly, it was found thatrepparttar 142781 bottom waters ofrepparttar 142782 Cariaco Trench inrepparttar 142783 Caribbean Sea, off Venezuela, suddenly stagnated, {The Gulf Stream being sent back south from hittingrepparttar 142784 land aroundrepparttar 142785 Azores whenrepparttar 142786 water level was lower suddenly started warmingrepparttar 142787 Iceland and British Isles regions, again.} showing that an abrupt change in water circulation had taken place coincident torepparttar 142788 warming ofrepparttar 142789 oceans. (5) Additionally,repparttar 142790 silt deposits washing intorepparttar 142791 Gulf of Mexico fromrepparttar 142792 Mississippi Valley abruptly halted and were retained inrepparttar 142793 delta and valleys, asrepparttar 142794 waters fromrepparttar 142795 glacier-bound Great Lakes switched direction and began draining throughrepparttar 142796 previously frozen northern outlets. (6) With extreme rapidity,repparttar 142797 water levels of these lakes shrank from maximum volume, down torepparttar 142798 much lower level they occupy today. (7)

Amongrepparttar 142799 data drawn on by Broecker and his team to make their findings wasrepparttar 142800 work conducted in 1957 by Cesare Emiliani ofrepparttar 142801 Department of Geology atrepparttar 142802 University of Miami. He found that deep-sea cores displayed clear evidence of an abrupt temperature turn around in 9000 BC. was responsible forrepparttar 142803 other changes set out by Broecker et al. (8) However, since other cores examined by Emiliani had not shownrepparttar 142804 same rapid transition, he decided thatrepparttar 142805 anomalous cores lacked vital sediment layers covering a period of several thousand years of ecological history, and so dismissed them as unreliable. (9) Yet Broecker and his colleagues disputed Emiliani's interpretation ofrepparttar 142806 results. They could find no reason to suppose that key sediment layers could have been lost inrepparttar 142807 manner suggested. As a consequence, they reinstated Emiliani's controversial findings as crucial evidence of a major shift in oceanic temperatures around 11,000 years ago. (10)

Although Broecker et al seemed keen to promote a date of c. 9000 BC forrepparttar 142808 rapid transition from glacial to post-glacial ages, there are indications that this event did not occur until a slightly later period. At least three lake sites inrepparttar 142809 Great Basin region revealed carbon-14 dates around 8000 BC for a maximum water level shortly 'before' they experienced a sudden desiccation afterrepparttar 142810 withdrawal ofrepparttar 142811 ice sheets. (11) In addition to this, marine shells fromrepparttar 142812 St. Lawrence Valley, which provided evidence of an invasion of seawater coincident to a rapid ice retreat, frequently produced dates 'post' 9000 BC. (12)

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