Development of a societyWritten by Vadim Smolyanov and Valentina Smolyanova
Chapter IV. Development of a society
"Ö There is no people with such heavy historical burden and with such spiritual power as ours; anybody can not judge a martyr who temporarily has fallen to a cross; but have gained gift to itself - invisibly reviving in visible dying Ö" Lev Tolstoy
"Super ego" has been generated by evolution as barrier for chaotic expansion and self-destruction. "Super ego" has taken functions establishing principles of "narrow specialisation" and "adaptability-breeding" which correspond to principles in biosphere. These principles are described in second part of work. However "Unconscious" during all history of mankind by aspiration to expansion periodically comes out from "Super ego" control making wars, revolutions or great discovering. It develops mankind. And evolution has fixed dominance of different mental function not only inside each person, but also in character of various societies. How it has turned out? Religions of East accented attention to Supreme deity and determined world as illusion and unconscious aspirations of person as illusion, as illusory obstacles which are not giving achievements of God Absolute. Leaving of real world and concentration on supreme world during many centuries has created rigid associative structures of "Super ego" of east societies. The person of East perceives situations entirely and determines attitude to a situation by a principle "it is pleasant or not pleasant" (the feel function). For East past, legend and tradition is more important than present or future. Having concentrated on "Super ego" East has lost abilities to creativity (creativity or creation of new associative structures is inherent for "Unconscious"). In West other history. Judaism and Christianity in greater degree focused attention of person to daily life. Concentration of West society on present, occurrence of unacceptability by this society of discrepancy between requirements of religion traditions and current situation have resulted into Renaissance. "Super ego" of West was formed under influence of religion too, but with arrival of Protestantism and with development of a science religious associative structures have started to collapse. "Super ego" which serves to individualism is developed now on that place. The person of West perceives world through logic and sensing experience supporting logic (the cogitating function and function of sensing). In West to survive is necessary to be "here and now ". What occurs with "Unconscious"? The West focused to "Me" has destroyed religiousness of "Super ego" and receives spontaneous expansion of "Unconscious", more exactly its part which contains under action of "Super egoĽ extrusion of complexes. It results in elimination of constraining principles limiting sexual needs and gluttonies needs. Is advertised sexual revolution with absolute freedom down to distortions and is advertised high consumption of all kinds of products. The consumer society and competition society has created a situation similar to an epoch "struggle of all against all" in more refined and liberal democratic kind but not excluding mass victims. Victims are people with prevailing functions distinct from cogitating function and function of sensing. They are not useful for such society and by millions are thrown out from lives that we now notice in Russia. The contrast of prevailing functions results to misunderstanding between western and east civilisations. It can result in a destroying of World.
Eulerís Identity and the EucalculusWritten by Charles Douglas Wehner
People find mathematics - particularly higher mathematics - difficult. This is perhaps due to a lack of VISUAL IMAGERY with which to bring concepts to life.
As a professional technical author, I decided to use graphical techniques to simplify understanding of such things as Euler's equation.
This allowed me to guide reader into a study of Fractional Factorials - which Euler called "GAMMA FUNCTION" - and introduce a brand-new extension to Calculus. This I call Eucalculus.